|Place of origin||Ethiopia and Eritrea|
|Main ingredient(s)||Meat (chicken, beef, or lamb), vegetables, niter kibbeh, spices|
Wat, we̠t’, wot (Amharic: ወጥ?, IPA: [wətʼ]) or tsebhi (Tigrinya: ጸብሒ?, IPA: [sʼɐbħi]) is an Ethiopian and Eritrean stew or curry that may be prepared with chicken, beef, lamb, a variety of vegetables, spice mixtures such as berbere, and niter kibbeh, a seasoned clarified butter.
Several properties distinguish wats from stews of other cultures. Perhaps the most obvious is an unusual cooking technique: the preparation of a wat begins with chopped onions slow cooked, without any fat or oil, in a dry skillet or pot until much of their moisture has been driven away. Fat (usually niter kibbeh) is then added, often in quantities that might seem excessive by modern Western standards, and the onions and other aromatics are sautéed before the addition of other ingredients. This method causes the onions to break down and thicken the stew.
Wat is traditionally eaten with injera, a spongy flat bread made from the millet-like grain known as teff. Doro wat is one such stew, made from chicken and sometimes hard-boiled eggs; the ethnologist Donald Levine records that doro wat (Amharic: ዶሮ ወጥ? dōrō we̠t’, Tigrinya: ደርሆ ጸብሒ? derhō tsebhi) is the most popular traditional food in Ethiopia, often eaten as part of a group who share a communal bowl and basket of injera. Another is siga wat, (Ge'ez: ሥጋ śigā) made with beef.
Doro wat is a popular dish in Ethiopian restaurants in the United States, of which there are hundreds. The dish has been mentioned or depicted in a variety of popular culture sites, including Season 1, Episode 4 of The Mindy Project and Along Came Polly.
- Levine, Donald N. Wax and Gold: Tradition and Innovation in Ethiopian Culture (Chicago: University Press, 1972), p. 132.
- See http://www.ethiopianrestaurant.com/Ethiopian_Restaurants_in_America.pdf