Watendlath

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Watendlath
Packhorse Bridge Watendlath.JPG
Packhorse Bridge at Watendlath
Watendlath is located in Cumbria
Watendlath
Watendlath
 Watendlath shown within Cumbria
OS grid reference NY274163
Civil parish Borrowdale
District Allerdale
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Workington
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria

Coordinates: 54°32′14″N 3°07′17″W / 54.537222°N 3.121389°W / 54.537222; -3.121389

Watendlath is a hamlet and tarn (a small lake) in Cumbria in England.

Watendlath is owned by the National Trust and sits high between the Borrowdale and Thirlmere valleys at 863 feet (263 m) above sea level.

Watendlath Tarn[edit]

Blea Tarn Gill, 700 feet (210 m) above Watendlath Tarn, provides the tarn with its water. Water from Watendlath Tarn flows into the beck of the same name and eventually feeds Lodore Falls, and ends up in Derwent Water.

The tarn is 7 acres (28,000 m2) in size, with a maximum depth of 56 feet (17 m). It was given to the National Trust by Queen Victoria's daughter, Princess Louise, in memory of her brother, King Edward VII.

Watendlath Tarn is stocked with brown trout and rainbow trout and is a popular fly fishing water, with wading and boat fishing used.

Government[edit]

For local government purposes Watendlath forms part of the civil parish of Borrowdale, the district of Allerdale, and the county of Cumbria. Historically part of Cumberland, it is within the Workington constituency of the United Kingdom Parliament, and the North West England constituency of the European Parliament.[1]

Farm[edit]

Herdwick sheep

The traditional Lakeland farm in Watendlath is rented out by the National Trust and, as is the case with Lakeland farms owned by the Trust, the herd of Herdwick sheep are owned by the Trust and not the farmer, changing hands with each tenant. This is part of the National Trust's policy aimed at ensuring this rare breed's survival.

Fold Head Farm house was used by Sir Hugh Walpole as the fictional home of Judith Paris in his Herries Saga of four novels published in the early 1930s

Watendlath in poetry[edit]

Edmund Casson's poem The Wise Kings of Borrowdale:

Watendlath's quiet nook.
A farm is there, and a slated barn,
And a waterfall, and a pebbly tarn;
And all the way to High Lodore
The banks of the beck are painted o'er
With red herb-willow and red loose-strife.

Packhorse bridge[edit]

One of the features of Watendlath is a traditional packhorse bridge, "perhaps the best-known and most photographed packhorse bridge in the whole of England".[2]

Access by road[edit]

Watendlath is reached by a minor road from the Borrowdale road (B5289). The single track unmarked road winds its way up over Ashness Bridge, which is a traditional stone-built bridge and a very famous landmark. Motorists encountering any traffic coming in the opposite direction on the single track road must use the passing places that are provided. Near the bridge is a cairn to the Lakeland fell-runner Robert Graham, who in 1932 set a Lakeland 24-hour record of 42 tops, which was not equalled for 28 years.

Dora Carrington[edit]

One famous painting of Watendlath is by Dora Carrington and this picture hangs in the Tate Gallery.

During the period 1917-21 Carrington's subjects were mostly intimate portraits and landscapes. The painting depicts Watendlath Farm, where the newly-wed Carrington spent a summer holiday with her husband and their friends in 1921. Among the guests was her husband's friend, Gerald Brenan, with whom she developed a mutual attraction. The identity of the two figures in white is not known.

Etymology[edit]

The name came from Old Norse vatn-endi-hlaða = "water-end-barn".

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-03. 
  2. ^ Hinchliffe, Ernest (1994). A Guide to the Packhorse Bridges of England. Milnrow, Cumbria: Cicerone Press. p. 53. ISBN 1-85284-143-5. 

External links[edit]