Water Eaton, Oxfordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°48′14″N 1°15′43″W / 51.804°N 1.262°W / 51.804; -1.262

Water Eaton
Water Eaton Manor - geograph.org.uk - 351907.jpg
Water Eaton Manor
Water Eaton is located in Oxfordshire
Water Eaton
Water Eaton
 Water Eaton shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SP5112
Civil parish Gosford and Water Eaton
District Cherwell
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kidlington
Postcode district OX5
Dialling code 01865
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Banbury
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Water Eaton is a hamlet in the civil parish of Gosford and Water Eaton, between Oxford and Kidlington in Oxfordshire.

History[edit]

The toponym Eaton is Old English, and "Water Eaton" means "farm by a river",[citation needed] referring to the manor's site beside the River Cherwell.

Water Eaton manor house was built for Sir Edward Frere in 1586 but reduced in size at a later date. A square dovecote survives to the northeast of the house. The Gothic Revival architect G.F. Bodley restored the house in 1890 and made it his home.[1] A Perpendicular Gothic Church of England chapel was built to the north of the manor house in 1610 and restored in 1884.[2]

St. Frideswide's Farmhouse is a 16th-century Tudor stone house, and towards the end of that century was a home of the Lenthall family.[3] The house was extended in the 17th or 18th and 20th centuries.[3] It is now a Grade II* listed building.[4]

At the end of the First English Civil War in June 1646 the Articles of Surrender for the siege of Oxford were finally agreed in Water Eaton. They were signed on 20th June in the Audit House of Christ Church, Oxford.

In 1850 the Buckinghamshire Railway between Bletchley and Oxford was opened through the parish. In 1905 Oxford Road Halt was opened 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the manor house. The halt was short-lived, being closed down in 1926.

Water Eaton was a separate civil parish until 1932, when it was merged with its neighbour Gosford.

In 1940 a grain silo and rail siding were built on the south side of the former halt. The silo has been disused since the 1980s but remained a landmark visible over a wide area.[5][6] The silo was demolished in October 2013.[7]

In the 2000s Oxfordshire County Council opened a Park and ride site just south of the grain silo. In January 2009 Chiltern Railways announced plans to open a new railway station close to the site of the former halt. This station, to be named Oxford Parkway, would serve Kidlington and north Oxford.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 825–826.
  2. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 826.
  3. ^ a b Crossley & Elrington 1990, pp. 179–213.
  4. ^ "St Frideswides Farmhouse". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Derelict Places: Water Eaton Grain Silo - August 2008
  6. ^ Geograph SP5011: Disused grain silo at Water Eaton
  7. ^ "Water Eaton silo demolished for Oxford Parkway Station". BBC. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Chiltern Railways Evergreen 3 Project
  9. ^ "Chiltern Railways names new Oxfordshire station Oxford Parkway" (Press release). Chiltern Railways. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]