Water quality law
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|Pollution control and remediation|
|Resource conservation and management|
|Planning, land use, and infrastructure|
Water quality law is the area of environmental law governing the emission of pollutants from human sources into the hydrosphere. It may also refer to the regulation of drinking water quality for the protection of human health.
Oceans and international waters
Groundwater is protected at the federal level principally through two laws:
- The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, through regulation of the disposal of municipal solid waste and hazardous waste.
- The Safe Drinking Water Act, through regulation of injection wells.
Both laws are administered by EPA.
The Safe Drinking Water Act governs public water systems in the United States, and is administered by EPA. Bottled water is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
- Canada Water Act, R.S., 1985, c. C-11.
- Federal Water Pollution Control Amendments of 1972, P.L. 92-500, 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq., as amended.
- Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, P.L. 94-580 (1976), 42 U.S.C. § 6901 et seq., as amended.
- Safe Drinking Water Act, P.L. 93-523 (1974), 42 U.S.C. § 300f et seq., as amended.
- Health Canada. Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality. December 2010.
- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, P.L. 75-717 (1938), 21 U.S.C. § 301 et seq., as amended.