Waterford, Virginia

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Waterford, Virginia
Unincorporated village
The Waterford town center in July 2008
The Waterford town center in July 2008
Waterford, Virginia is located in Virginia
Waterford, Virginia
Waterford, Virginia
Location within the state of Virginia
Coordinates: 39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.18667°N 77.61000°W / 39.18667; -77.61000Coordinates: 39°11′12″N 77°36′36″W / 39.18667°N 77.61000°W / 39.18667; -77.61000
Country  United States of America
State  Virginia
County Loudoun
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20197
Waterford Historic District
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 69000256
VLR # 401-0123
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 3, 1969[2]
Designated NHLD April 15, 1970[3]
Designated VLR May 13, 1969[1]
The intersection of Bond Street and Liggett Street in Waterford

Waterford is an unincorporated village in the Catoctin Valley of Loudoun County, Virginia, located along Catoctin Creek. Waterford is 47 miles (76 km) northwest of Washington, D.C., and 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Leesburg. The entire village and surrounding countryside is a National Historic Landmark district.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Waterford was established around 1733 by Amos Janney, a Quaker from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. Janney purchased 400 acres (1.6 km2) on the south fork of Catoctin Creek and established a grist mill and saw mill in the area in the 1740s. Due to the success of the mills, the settlement became known as "Janney's Mill". The town grew quickly as a center of commerce for growers of grain.[4]

Growth[edit]

Amos Janney died in 1747, leaving his estate to his sixteen-year-old son, Mahlon. Mahlon replaced the original log mill with a two-story structure. The village continued to grow, and in 1780, 12 acres (49,000 m2) on the south side of Main Street were subdivided into 15 lots, upon which shops and homes were built. By the 1790s, the village was known as Waterford, named after the city of Waterford, in Ireland, where some of its founders had once lived before immigrating to the United States. New residents continued to come from Pennsylvania, as Quakers were followed by Presbyterians, Lutherans, Baptists, and Methodists. Waterford was also populated by African-Americans, both free and enslaved.[5]

Civil War[edit]

By the start of the Civil War, the population of Waterford remained largely Quaker. As pacifists and abolitionists,[6] the Quakers remained loyal to the Union throughout the war. Waterford was the scene of a fierce fight between the county's Unionist and Confederate partisan units, the Loudoun Rangers and White's Rebels, respectively.

Waterford today[edit]

The town today is largely residential, although a number of businesses are based in the village. The Loudoun Mutual Insurance Company has been located in Waterford since 1849.[7][8]

National Historic Landmark[edit]

The Waterford Historic District is a National Historic Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was listed as a Virginia Historic Landmark in 1969.[9] Waterford and a significant portion of its surrounding countryside was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.[3] Significant buildings include the mill (circa 1750), Arch House Row (circa 1750), Camelot School (circa 1800) and the 1882 Presbyterian church.[10]

The Catoctin Creek Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974, and the William Virts House was listed in 2011.[11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Waterford Historic District". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-04-21. 
  4. ^ http://www.waterfordfoundation.org/history/quakers.html
  5. ^ http://www.waterfordfoundation.org/history/growth.html
  6. ^ Coral Gables Senior High
  7. ^ http://www.loudounmutual.com/aboutus_1.cfm
  8. ^ Information on Loudoun Mutual Insurance Company in Waterford, VA 20197 - (540) 882-3232
  9. ^ Staff, Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, James W. Moody, Jr., Director (May 23, 1969), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Waterford Historic District PDF (32 KB), National Park Service  (with property zone map and more)
  10. ^ Staff, Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission, James W. Moody, Jr., Director (May 23, 1969), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Waterford Historic District PDF (32 KB), National Park Service  and Accompanying 16 photos, from 1969 PDF (32 KB)
  11. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  12. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: February 2011. National Park Service. 2011-03-04. 

External links[edit]