Waterfront Station (Vancouver)

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"Waterfront Station" redirects here. For the station in Singapore, see Waterfront Monorail Station.
Waterfront
TransLink Station
Vancouver Waterfront Station.jpg
Station statistics
Address 601 West Cordova Street, Vancouver
439 Granville Street, Vancouver
Coordinates 49°17′09″N 123°06′42″W / 49.28583°N 123.11167°W / 49.28583; -123.11167Coordinates: 49°17′09″N 123°06′42″W / 49.28583°N 123.11167°W / 49.28583; -123.11167
Structure type At-grade and underground
Platforms 3 separate sets of centre platforms
Tracks 6
Bicycle facilities outside bike racks
Other information
Opened 1914[1] (Canadian Pacific Railway)
1977 (SeaBus)
1985 (SkyTrain, Expo Line)
1995 (West Coast Express)
2009 (SkyTrain, Canada Line)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code WF
Owned by Canadian Pacific Railway
BC Transit
TransLink
Fare zone 1
Traffic
Passengers (2011[2]) 40,240 (Expo Line)
27,191 (Canada Line)
67,431 Total
Services
Preceding station   TransLink   Following station
Terminus SeaBus
Terminus
West Coast Express
toward Mission City
Expo Line
toward King George
Millennium Line
toward VCC–Clark
Canada Line
Airport
Terminus
Canada Line
Richmond

Waterfront Station is a major intermodal public transportation facility and the main transit terminus in Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Location[edit]

Waterfront Station is located on the south shore of Burrard Inlet, just east of the north foot of Granville Street at 601 West Cordova Street. The station is within walking distance of Vancouver's historical Gastown district, the Canada Place cruise ship terminal, the Helijet International helipad, and Vancouver Harbour Water Aerodrome, the downtown float plane terminals for Harbour Air, West Coast Air, Salt Spring Air, and other airlines.

Other nearby facilities include the downtown campuses for Simon Fraser University and the British Columbia Institute of Technology, federal government services in the Sinclair Centre, the Vancouver Convention & Exhibition Centre, and the Harbour Centre office tower, revolving restaurant and observation deck. Underground passages connect passengers directly to the Fairmont Waterfront Hotel and Canada Place. There are also two other street-level entrances to the station, one on Howe Street to the west for direct access to the Expo and Millennium Lines (Labelled as Platforms 1 & 2 on the station map) and another on Granville Street to the south for direct access to the Canada Line. (Platforms 3 & 4)

The Waterfront Station was one of the first to receive Translink's New "T" Signage denoting a transit station.[3] This signage was installed in the downtown core of Vancouver to help visitors during the 2010 Olympics to identify a Transit hub.

Services[edit]

The entrance to SkyTrain's Waterfront Station, serving the Expo Line.

Waterfront Station is the intermodal terminus in downtown Vancouver for the following TransLink services:

History[edit]

West Coast Express platform
SkyTrain's Canada Line platform

Waterfront Station was built by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in 1914,[1] and was the Pacific terminus for the CPR's transcontinental passenger trains to Montreal and Toronto. The current station is the third CPR station. The previous CPR station was located one block west, at the foot of Granville, and unlike the current classical-styled Waterfront Station was built in "railway gothic" like the CPR's many railway hotels.[4][5] In 1978, when Via Rail took over the passenger operations of the CPR and the Canadian National Railway, it continued using both railways' Vancouver stations, but a year later, Via consolidated its Vancouver operations at the CN station near False Creek (now called Pacific Central Station), and ceased using the CPR station. The last scheduled Via passenger train to use Waterfront station departed on 27 Oct 1979.[6]

Waterfront Station's transformation into a public intermodal transit facility began in 1977. That year, SeaBus began operating out of a purpose-built floating pier that was connected to the main terminal building via an overhead walkway above the CPR tracks. The CPR's passenger platform and some of its tracks were torn up in the early 1980s to make way for the guideway of the original SkyTrain line (Expo Line), which opened on December 11, 1985. During Expo 86, SkyTrain operated special shuttle trains between Waterfront Station and Stadium–Chinatown Station (then named Stadium Station), connecting the Canadian Pavilion at Canada Place to the main Expo site along False Creek.

In 1995, platforms were built adjacent to the SkyTrain station for the new West Coast Express, which uses the existing CPR tracks. (The West Coast Express platforms are in the same location as the old CPR platforms.) In 2002, Millennium Line trains began sharing the SkyTrain tracks with the Expo Line. In 2009, the Canada Line opened with a separate platform and entrance/exit point within the grand CPR station. Waterfront Station serves as the common terminus point for all three SkyTrain metro lines.

A private ferry company, Royal SeaLink Express, ran passenger ferries from a new dock on the west side of the SeaBus terminal to Victoria and Nanaimo in the early 1990s, but ultimately folded. In 2003, HarbourLynx began operating out of Royal Sealink's old facility at the SeaBus terminal. In 2006, following major engine problems with their only vessel, they folded as well.

Architecture[edit]

The main station building was designed in a neoclassical style, with a symmetrical red-brick facade dominated by a row of smooth, white ionic order columns. The ionic columns are repeated in the grand interior hall, flanking the perimeter of the space. The main hall features two large clocks facing each other high on the east and west walls. Paintings depicting various scenic Canadian landscapes line the walls above the columns.

Station information[edit]

Station layout[edit]

S Street Cordova Street, Howe Street, Granville Street entrances
Concourse
(Cordova)
Main connection points between various modes of transportation
Ticket vending machines, ATM, shops, fare gates (Expo Line)
C Concourse
(Howe)
Serving Expo Line
Connections to Sinclair Centre and Waterfront Centre
Ticket vending machines, fare gates (Expo Line)
Concourse
(Granville)
Serving Canada Line
Ticket vending machines, shops, fare gates (Canada Line)
T Platform 1  Expo Line,  Millennium Line termination platform
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 2  Expo Line towards King George,  Millennium Line towards VCC–Clark (Burrard)
   West Coast Express towards Mission City (Port Moody)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
   West Coast Express towards Mission City (Port Moody)
Lower Concourse
(Cordova)
Ticket vending machines, fare gates (Canada Line)
Platform 3  Canada Line siding
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Platform 4  Canada Line southbound towards Richmond–Brighouse and YVR–Airport (Vancouver City Centre)
Lower Concourse
(SeaBus)
Faregates, washrooms
Connection to HeliJet Helipad
  Unused
Island platform, doors will open on the right
   SeaBus northbound towards Lonsdale Quay (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
   SeaBus northbound towards Lonsdale Quay (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
  Unused

Entrances[edit]

  • Cordova Street Entrance (Terminal Building) Handicapped/disabled access is a fully accessible entrance connecting all services at Waterfront Station. The entrance is located at the east end of platforms 1 and 2 (Expo Line) and north end of platform 3 and 4 (Canada Line).
  • Granville Street Entrance Handicapped/disabled access is a new entrance opened 2009 in conjunction to the opening of Canada Line. Located at the south end of platform 3 and 4 (Canada Line).

Transit connections[edit]

  • Local buses operate on West Cordova Street, in front of the terminal building (Cordova entrance):
44 UBC
50 False Creek South
  • Local buses stop at near-by intersection of Cordova Street and Seymour Street across from the entrance:
3 Main
4 Powell
6 Davie
7 Nanaimo Station
8 Fraser
50 Waterfront Station
N8 Fraser
  • Bus service on Hastings Street, north of the Granville Street entrance:
135 Burrard Station
135 SFU
160 Port Coquitlam Station
190 Coquitlam Station (peak only)
  • Bus service on Pender Street, south of the Granville Street entrance:
4 UBC
6 Davie
7 Dunbar
10 Granville
17 Oak
19 Stanley Park
19 Metrotown Station
22 MacDonald
22 Knight
N6 Downtown Night Bus
N19 Downtown Night Bus
N22 Downtown Night Bus
N24 Downtown Night Bus
  • Additional service available on Granville Street:
4 Powell
5 Downtown
6 Downtown
7 Nanaimo Station
10 Downtown
14 UBC
14 Hastings
16 Arbutus
16 29th Avenue Station
17 Oak
20 Victoria
44 Downtown
50 Waterfront Station
50 False Creet South
209 Upper Lynn Valley (evening only)
210 Upper Lynn Valley
211 Seymour
214 Blueridge (PM peak only)
N24 Upper Lonsdale Night Bus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Davis, Chuck. "The History of Metropolitan Vancouver - 1914 Chronology". Retrieved November 27, 2010. 
  2. ^ "2011 SkyTrain Station Counts". TransLink. Retrieved January 2013. 
  3. ^ "More T signage is now up in downtown Vancouver", The Buzzer Blog, TransLink, January 27, 2010.
  4. ^ Photograph of CPR Station, foot of Granville, 1906, British Columbia Archives.
  5. ^ CPR station, undated photograph, British Columbia Archives, at Columbia Pacific.
  6. ^ Davis, Chuck (2008). "Today in Local History - October". Retrieved November 17, 2010. 

External links[edit]