Waterloo International railway station
|Platforms||5 (no. 20-24)|
|Key dates||Opened 1994
Closed 2007 (part of it will reopen in 2014)
|Replaced by||St Pancras International|
|London Transport portal|
Waterloo International station was the London terminus of the Eurostar international rail service from its opening on 14 November 1994 until 13 November 2007. It stands on the western side of Waterloo railway station, London. It was managed and branded separately from the mainline station. Its 5 platforms were numbered from 20 to 24 and, unlike the platforms at the main station, are long enough to accommodate trains of up to 20 coaches (total length 394 metres).
Designed by the architectural firm Grimshaw Architects with Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners (consultant Engineers) and Bovis Construction (as the main contractors). It cost £120 million and was completed in May 1993, in time for the scheduled completion of the Channel Tunnel. Construction of the Tunnel was delayed however, and the station did not open until November 1994, when it won the European Union Prize for Contemporary Architecture as well as the Royal Institute of British Architects' Building of the Year award.
Waterloo International has five platforms, numbered 20 to 24, one (20) taken from the mainline station, and four new ones, all covered by a new 400 m long  glass and steel vault of 37 arches forming a prismatic structure, conceived by Anthony Hunt Associates. The five vaults are supported by a grid of cylindrical concrete columns that rise up from the carpark level, through the circulation levels to the platforms. A structural glass wall separates old Waterloo Station from the new. A two-level reception area fronts the main station concourse. The curvature of the roof is steeper on the western side and here the trains pass close to the structure. The roof arches are made up of two dissimilar curved trusses, triangular in section, with compression booms of tubular steel (CFS) and tension booms of solid steel. Both compression and tension members are curved — structural engineer Anthony Hunt described the trusses as "banana shaped". Curved, tapering trusses were later used to great effect at Galpharm Stadium in Huddersfield.
The first Eurostar departure, on 14 November 1994, was formed of Eurostar units 373004/373003  and the last service left at 18.12 GMT on 13 November 2007 for Brussels. From the next day Eurostar services used their new London terminus of St Pancras International.
|Mainline railways around the South Bank|
Ownership of Waterloo International station passed to BRB (Residuary) Ltd.. Future use of all the Eurostar platforms is unclear. Some reports had suggested that they might be used for shops, but a parliamentary written answer of 4 June 2008 stated platform 20 was to be used by some South West Trains services from December 2008. Network Rail has no immediate plans to use the other four former international platforms for domestic use  and the platforms have not been used since November 2007.
In 2012 a new proposal for the future use of the station was made, namely that it becomes the London destination of all the UK's sleeper trains. This may become necessary as the phasing out of Mk2 vehicles and their replacement with Mk3 will make the trains too long for the platforms at Euston, and construction of HS2 will make the long sleeper dwell times at Euston untenable. If the Paddington sleepers were also diverted this would concentrate all sleeper services at Waterloo International, thus making use of the former Eurostar lounge facilities for sleeper passengers.
All of the international platforms are going to be brought back into use as part of the refurbishment of the main station starting in Christmas 2013.
The Railway Children
From 4 July 2010 to 2 January 2011 two of the disused platforms hosted theatrical performances of E. Nesbit's The Railway Children. The audience was seated either side of the actual railway track. The show includes the use of a steam engine, coupled to one of the original carriages from the 1970s film, being shunted in and out of the theatre area as required by a Class 08 shunter.
Eurostar route map
(before completion of High Speed 1)
Times shown are fastest timetabled journey from London Waterloo.
Waterloo station from the London Eye with Waterloo International at the bottom of the picture.
- The station is shown repeatedly in The Russian Dolls (Les Poupées russes), as the main character Xavier commutes frequently, by rail, between Paris and London.
- In Mr Bean's Holiday, Mr Bean sets out on this holiday from Waterloo International.
- In The Bourne Ultimatum, Jason Bourne arrives from Paris and steps out onto Waterloo International's Eurostar platforms. Further action takes place in the rest of Waterloo station.
- "Waterloo International Terminal". www.engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
- Bunting, Madeleine (2 December 1994). "Few passengers and trains but Waterloo's tunnel vision wins award for elegance". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- "Waterloo International: 1994-2007". London: Guardian Unlimited. 13 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
- "St Pancras Eurostar service opens". BBC News. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- Bell, Dan (14 November 2006). "Terminal faces uncertain future". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- Murray, Dick (6 April 2005). "Shops plan for Waterloo International". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2007-11-14.
- Waterloo Station: 4 June 2008: Written answers (TheyWorkForYou.com)
- Modern Railways Issue 761, February 2012, page 14
- Gritten, David (29 June 2010). "The Railway Children: weepie that will never run out of steam". The Daily Telegraph (London).
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|