Watertown, South Dakota

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Watertown, South Dakota
City
Nickname(s): South Dakota's Rising Star
Location in Codington County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Codington County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056Coordinates: 44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Codington
Founded 1879[1]
Incorporated 1885[2]
Government
 • Mayor Steve Thorson
Area[3]
 • Total 25.04 sq mi (64.85 km2)
 • Land 17.45 sq mi (45.20 km2)
 • Water 7.59 sq mi (19.66 km2)
Elevation 1,732 ft (528 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 21,482
 • Estimate (2012[5]) 21,803
 • Density 1,231.1/sq mi (475.3/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57201
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-69300
GNIS feature ID 1258841[6]
Website http://www.watertownsd.us/

Watertown is a city in and the county seat of Codington County, South Dakota, United States.[7] The population was 21,482 at the 2010 census. It is the fifth largest city in South Dakota, just smaller than Brookings. It is also the principal city of the Watertown Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Codington and Hamlin counties. Steve Thorson is the current Mayor.

Watertown is home to the Redlin Art Center which houses many of the original art works produced by Terry Redlin, one of America's most popular wildlife artists. Watertown also is home to the Bramble Park Zoo and the Watertown Regional Library. The Watertown Public Opinion is a six-day daily newspaper published in Watertown.

Watertown's residential real estate is some of the most affordable in South Dakota for cities of its size; the median price for a home in Watertown is around $200,000.[8]

Geography[edit]

Watertown is located at 44°54′12″N 97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056 (44.903433, -97.120437)[9], along the Big Sioux River.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.04 square miles (64.85 km2), of which, 17.45 square miles (45.20 km2) is land and 7.59 square miles (19.66 km2) is water.[3] Watertown sits on the Big Sioux River and two major lakes, Lake Pelican and Lake Kampeska. Most of Watertown also sits upon a short plateau. Elevation at Watertown Regional Airport is 1,745 feet.

Watertown has been assigned the ZIP code 57201 and the FIPS place code 69300.

History[edit]

An 1883 bird's eye illustration of Watertown

Watertown was founded in 1879 as a rail terminus when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad reactivated part of a line it had constructed to Lake Kampeska.[1][11] The city was named after Watertown, New York, the hometown of brothers John E. Kemp and Oscar P. Kemp, some of the city's founders.[1]

During the 1880s, Watertown prospered as a transportation hub after the railroads had been extended further west. Along with several other cities, Watertown had been a candidate as capital of the new state of South Dakota,[1] although it lost out to the more centrally located Pierre. The city's current newspaper, the Watertown Public Opinion, began publishing in 1887.[1]

In the mid-20th century, Interstate 29 was constructed through eastern South Dakota.[12] The route included a slight bend to bring the highway closer to Watertown.[12] The interstate's construction has been a major economic benefit to the larger communities along its route, including Watertown.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 746
1890 2,672 258.2%
1900 3,352 25.4%
1910 7,010 109.1%
1920 9,400 34.1%
1930 10,214 8.7%
1940 10,617 3.9%
1950 12,699 19.6%
1960 14,077 10.9%
1970 13,388 −4.9%
1980 15,649 16.9%
1990 17,592 12.4%
2000 20,237 15.0%
2010 21,482 6.2%
Est. 2012 21,803 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2012 Estimate[14]

The per capita income for the city was $18,994. About 5.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 21,482 people, 9,278 households, and 5,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.1 inhabitants per square mile (475.3 /km2). There were 10,050 housing units at an average density of 575.9 per square mile (222.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 0.4% African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 9,278 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 36.6 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,237 people, 8,385 households, and 5,290 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,328.9 people per square mile (513.0/km²). There were 9,193 housing units at an average density of 603.7 per square mile (233.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.25% White, 0.14% African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. 47.1% were of German, 19.8% Norwegian and 5.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.5% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 8,385 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

Education[edit]

Watertown has two institutions providing post-secondary education. Lake Area Technical Institute is a public technical school classified as a community college, offering degrees in areas such as Agriculture, Nursing, and Welding. There is also a satellite campus of Mount Marty College,[16] a private Catholic school based in Yankton, South Dakota.

Watertown has one public high school, Watertown High School, and one private boarding school, Great Plains Lutheran High School.

Watertown Middle School is the only public middle school in Watertown. The Watertown School Board is currently in talks to construct a second middle school, but the location is still pending.

There are multiple elementary schools in Watertown. The five public elementary schools include: Lincoln Elementary, Jefferson Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, McKinnely Elementary, and Mellette Elementary. Immaculate Conception School is a private Catholic elementary school. St. Martin's Lutheran School is a private Lutheran elementary school. Watertown Christian School is a private non-denominational Christian elementary school.

Points of interest[edit]

Local media[edit]

AM Radio[edit]

AM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner City
950 AM KWAT News/Talk Three Eagles Communications Watertown
1480 AM KSDR 1480 Talk Radio News/Talk Three Eagles Communications Watertown

FM Radio[edit]

FM radio stations
Frequency Call sign Name Format Owner Target city/market City of license
89.1 FM KPGT Religious Church Planters of America Watertown Watertown
90.1 FM K211EC Christian
WJFM-FM translator
Jimmy Swaggart Ministries Watertown Watertown
91.9 FM K220IT The Refuge Contemporary Christian Refuge Media Group Watertown Watertown
92.9 FM KSDR-FM KS93 Country Three Eagles Communications Watertown Watertown
96.1 FM KIXX Kicks 96 Hot AC Three Eagles Communications Watertown Watertown
96.9 FM KDLO-FM Big Country 96.9 Country Three Eagles Communications Watertown Watertown
99.1 FM KXLG Classic Hits/News/Talk Dakota Communications Watertown Milbank
104.3 FM KKSD Hippie Radio Classic Hits Three Eagles Communications Watertown Milbank
106.3 FM KPHR Power 106.3 Classic Rock Armada Media Watertown Ortonville

Transportation[edit]

The City of Watertown is connected to three major thoroughfares: Highway 81, running north and south; Highway 212, running west and east; and Interstate 29, running north and south.

Watertown also has one airport, Watertown Regional Airport, served by Great Lakes Aviation, and local bus service provided by the Watertown Area Transit Corporation.

Notable people[edit]

Major employers[edit]

International Manufacturers with at least 50 Employees[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Hasselstrom, p. 29.
  2. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  8. ^ "South Dakota Homes For Sale By City". South Dakota Real Estate Trends. RealEstate.com. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ DeLorme (2001). South Dakota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-330-3
  11. ^ Thompson (ed.), p. 173.
  12. ^ a b c Schell, p. 333.
  13. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  15. ^ Watertown, South Dakota: Now. Watertown Area Chamber of Commerce and Convention and Visitors Bureau, 2006
  16. ^ "Watertown Campus". Retrieved 18 February 2011. 
  17. ^ Watertown Chamber of Commerce. "Watertown Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2008-03-03. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]