Watson Lake, Yukon

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Alaska Highway through Watson Lake, Yukon
Signpost forest at Watson Lake, Yukon
Ski Hill at Watson Lake
Carmacks 583 Kilometers
Gertrude was a famous cat!

Watson Lake is a town at historical mile 635 on the Alaska Highway in southeastern Yukon close to the British Columbia border. Population in 2011 was 802 (Statistics Canada).

Watson Lake is near the Liard River, at the junction of the Robert Campbell Highway and the Alaska Highway. The Cassiar Highway's northern end is 22 kilometres (14 miles) west of Watson Lake. The town is also served by the Watson Lake Airport; the airport was formerly served by Canadian Pacific Airlines and its successor CP Air which operated Boeing 737-200 jetliners[1] as well as by other local and regional airlines, but now only provides corporate and charter services.

Watson Lake Motors, Watson Lake, Yukon

Watson Lake is the main centre of the small forestry industry in Yukon and has been a service centre for the mining industry, especially for the Cassiar asbestos mine in northern British Columbia and the Cantung tungsten mine on the Yukon-Northwest Territories border in the Mackenzie Mountains.

Tourist attractions in Watson Lake include the Northern Lights Centre and the much-imitated original Signpost Forest. The Signpost Forest was started in 1942 by a homesick U.S. Army G.I. working on the Alaska Highway, who put up a sign with the name of his home town and the distance. Others followed suit and the tradition continues to this day. As of August 2010 there are more than 76,000 signs of various types depicting locations across the world. The Signpost Forest is one of four roadside attractions featured on the first series of the Canadian Roadside Attractions Series issued by Canada Post on July 6, 2009.[2]

Watson Lake and the neighbouring Upper Liard settlement are the home of the Liard River First Nation, a member of the Kaska Dena Council. The Two Mile area immediately north of the core of town is a concentrated area of First Nations residents, while the town extends five miles (8 km) out to the turn-off of Airport Road. (Originally, Airport Road extended directly to the Alaska Highway, but most of it is now part of the Campbell highway.)

Climate[edit]

Like most of Yukon, Watson Lake has a subarctic climate. Watson Lake experiences annual temperature average daily highs of 21 °C (69.8 °F) in July and average daily lows of −29 °C (−20.2 °F) in January. Record high temperature was 34 °C (93.2 °F) in May 1983 and the lowest was −59 °C (−74.2 °F) in January 1947. Watson Lake has more precipitation than other parts of Yukon with an average annual snowfall of 197 cm (77.6 inches) and 255 mm (10.04 inches) of rainfall, resulting in larger trees and a more viable forest industry.

Climate data for Watson Lake Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 5.6 11.1 11.5 20.0 34.2 33.3 41.4 36.8 26.8 17.6 11.7 7.9 41.4
Record high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
12.2
(54)
11.7
(53.1)
20.1
(68.2)
34.2
(93.6)
33.9
(93)
35.4
(95.7)
32.8
(91)
27.8
(82)
21.7
(71.1)
12.2
(54)
8.4
(47.1)
35.4
(95.7)
Average high °C (°F) −17.5
(0.5)
−10.4
(13.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.0
(44.6)
14.0
(57.2)
19.6
(67.3)
21.5
(70.7)
19.1
(66.4)
12.8
(55)
3.7
(38.7)
−10.0
(14)
−16.0
(3.2)
3.5
(38.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.5
(−8.5)
−17.0
(1.4)
−9.6
(14.7)
0.1
(32.2)
7.6
(45.7)
13.2
(55.8)
15.3
(59.5)
13.0
(55.4)
7.5
(45.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
−14.7
(5.5)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
Average low °C (°F) −27.5
(−17.5)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−17.3
(0.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
1.3
(34.3)
6.8
(44.2)
9.0
(48.2)
6.9
(44.4)
2.2
(36)
−4.7
(23.5)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−8.2
(17.2)
Record low °C (°F) −58.9
(−74)
−56.2
(−69.2)
−46.7
(−52.1)
−32.8
(−27)
−16.0
(3.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.6
(33.1)
−6.7
(19.9)
−13.9
(7)
−36.6
(−33.9)
−47.5
(−53.5)
−53.3
(−63.9)
−58.9
(−74)
Wind chill −66.4 −63.3 −51.4 −36.2 −16.4 −5.2 0.0 −5.4 −19.0 −42.7 −55.5 −63.6 −66.4
Precipitation mm (inches) 30.9
(1.217)
20.4
(0.803)
15.3
(0.602)
14.1
(0.555)
37.4
(1.472)
54.9
(2.161)
59.5
(2.343)
47.6
(1.874)
42.6
(1.677)
37.7
(1.484)
27.9
(1.098)
27.9
(1.098)
416.4
(16.394)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
4.6
(0.181)
33.6
(1.323)
54.9
(2.161)
59.5
(2.343)
47.4
(1.866)
41.1
(1.618)
19.5
(0.768)
0.6
(0.024)
0.5
(0.02)
262.0
(10.315)
Snowfall cm (inches) 40.6
(15.98)
28.5
(11.22)
19.6
(7.72)
11.4
(4.49)
3.7
(1.46)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.12)
1.7
(0.67)
20.8
(8.19)
34.2
(13.46)
35.3
(13.9)
196.1
(77.2)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 13.2 10.3 9.3 6.3 11.5 12.7 14.8 13.7 13.8 14.4 14.6 12.6 147.2
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.2 0.1 0.2 2.3 11.0 12.7 14.8 13.7 13.4 7.5 0.5 0.4 76.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 13.9 10.8 9.8 4.8 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.0 8.3 15.2 13.2 78.7
 % humidity 75.5 73.7 59.9 46.3 41.4 43.5 47.7 49.6 56.4 69.1 79.8 76.9 60.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40.1 83.0 145.6 214.2 243.9 270.3 254.2 231.0 135.0 76.4 38.3 23.4 1,755.5
Percent possible sunshine 19.1 32.4 39.9 49.1 45.9 48.1 45.5 47.6 34.8 24.2 16.8 12.6 34.7
Source: [3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1991 912 —    
1996 993 +8.9%
2001 912 −8.2%
2006 846 −7.2%
2011 802 −5.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ North American Official Airline Guide (OAG), Feb. 1, 1976 esition
  2. ^ Canada Post Details,Canada Post, July to September 2009, Volume XVIII, No. 3, p. 10
  3. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 60°07′N 128°48′W / 60.117°N 128.800°W / 60.117; -128.800