Watts De Peyster Fireman's Hall
Watts De Peyster Fireman's Hall
North (front) elevation and west profile, 2008
|Architectural style||Richardsonian Romanesque|
|Governing body||Village of Tivoli|
|NRHP Reference #||89002005|
|Added to NRHP||November 16, 1989|
The Watts De Peyster Fireman's Hall is located on Broadway in the village of Tivoli, New York, United States. John Watts De Peyster, a resident, paid for it and gave it to the village for its fire department in 1898. It is a brick "storefront" firehouse, a type of fire station more commonly seen in cities at the time than small rural villages like Tivoli.
Since the construction of a new firehouse in 1986 it has been the village hall. In 1989 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and three years later it also became a contributing property to the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark.
The firehouse is a three-story building, three bays wide by four deep, on a half-acre (2,000 m²) lot in downtown Tivoli. It is faced in brick laid in English bond with contrasting stone courses at the floor levels. The hipped slate roof is pierced by a dormer with gabled parapet top, four chimneys and a round turreted tower rising from the southwest corner. The roofline's cornice is broken in front by the dormer.
On the northern (front) facade, the first floor has two former garage openings, now filled with paneled wooden doors, and a regular entrance between them. The course above them consists of stone blocks with oak leaves, a traditional European symbol in heraldry for firefighters. A cornerstone gives the architect, builder and date of construction, and a marble dedication plaque memorializes Watts and de Peyster. The stone basement is visible along the side and rear elevations.
Inside, the first floor is divided into the two large bays used originally for fire engines, with plaster walls, wainscoting, pressed tin ceilings and wooden-plank floors. The second floor, used originally as meeting rooms, has similar finishing as well as thin cast iron columns in its largest room. All rooms have their original carved mantel and fireplace cover. The third floor is a single large room with two large wood braces supporting the ceiling.
Tivoli was incorporated as a village of the Town of Red Hook in 1872, after a period of tremendous growth due to commerce along the Hudson River. Two smaller existing settlements, Upper Red Hook Landing and Madalin, were combined in the new municipality.
As soon as the village came into existence, its government discussed the need for a new firehouse to serve the community. These discussions continued for a quarter-century, during which its commercial importance began to decline. In 1896 the Village Board passed legislation creating a fire department and calling a special election to decide how it would be financed. Two years later John Watts De Peyster, a wealthy resident of the area and village president as well as an influential authority on firefighting, saved the village the trouble by hiring local architect Michael O'Connor to design a new firehouse. Once it was built, he leased it to the village.
In 1900, during a tax dispute with the village, he barred the board from meeting there. He had also threatened to close the firehouse if his estranged son, who had been elected village president, was allowed in the building. Seven years later, upon his death, the lease passed to a local orphanage he had founded. That arrangement lasted until 1921, when his descendants bought the orphanage's lease out and donated the building to the village. The fireman's hall was restored and renovated sometime prior to 2005.
- Kuhn, Robert (October 1989). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Watts De Peyster Fireman's House". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved June 16, 2009.
- ""Doorway to the Bays" at Tivoli Bays Visitor Center". Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. Retrieved 2009-06-17.
- "Evaluation Findings for the Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve: April 2009 Through September 2005". Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management. November 2005.