Watts Point volcanic centre

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Watts Point volcanic centre
Watts Point volcanic centre is located in British Columbia
Watts Point volcanic centre
Watts Point volcanic centre
Location in British Columbia
Elevation ~ 240 m (800 ft)
Location
Location British Columbia, Canada
Range Britannia Range (North Shore Mountains)
Coordinates 49°39′10″N 123°12′30″W / 49.65278°N 123.20833°W / 49.65278; -123.20833Coordinates: 49°39′10″N 123°12′30″W / 49.65278°N 123.20833°W / 49.65278; -123.20833
Topo map NTS 92G/11 Squamish
Geology
Type Subglacial mound
Age of rock ~ 90,000–130,000 years
Volcanic arc/belt Canadian Cascade Arc
Garibaldi Volcanic Belt
Last eruption ~ 90,000 years

The Watts Point volcanic centre is a small outcrop of Pleistocene age volcanic rock at Watts Point in British Columbia, Canada, about 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Squamish and 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Vancouver, and just north of Britannia Beach. It is the southernmost volcanic zone in the Squamish volcanic field and of the Garibaldi segment of the Cascade Volcanic Arc. The latest research indicates that it is most likely a subglacial mound. It comprises a continuous mass of sparsely porphyritic highly jointed dacitic lava overlying the mid-Cretaceous Coast Plutonic Complex and overlain locally by clay and of glacial till.

The volcanic outcrop at Watts Point extends from below the present sea level up the side of a steep slope over 240 metres (800 ft). The outcrop is less than 1 kilometre (0.6 mi) long, with an area of about 0.4 square kilometres (0.2 sq mi) and an eruptive volume of roughly 0.02 cubic kilometres (0.0048 cu mi). The location is heavily forested, and the BC Rail mainline passes through the lower portion of the outcrop about 40 m (130 ft) above sea level. Two railroad track ballast quarries, one near the middle and the other near the upper edge, provide the best exposure of the interior of the lava mass. BC Highway 99 climbs over the eastern shoulder of the complex before descending to the area of the Stawamus Chief and Murrin Park, south southeast of Squamish.

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