Wauchope, New South Wales

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For the village in Canada, see Wauchope, Saskatchewan.
Wauchope
New South Wales
Wauchope 2.jpg
Library and war memorial clock, Wauchope, NSW.
Wauchope is located in New South Wales
Wauchope
Wauchope
Coordinates 31°27′0″S 152°44′0″E / 31.45000°S 152.73333°E / -31.45000; 152.73333Coordinates: 31°27′0″S 152°44′0″E / 31.45000°S 152.73333°E / -31.45000; 152.73333
Population 6,002 (2006)[1]
Established 1836
Postcode(s) 2446
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Location 19 km (12 mi) from Port Macquarie
LGA(s) Port Macquarie-Hastings Council
County Macquarie
State electorate(s) Oxley
Federal Division(s) Lyne
Presbyterian Church, Wauchope
The Hastings River at the northern end of Wauchope with the North Coast Railway bridge.

Wauchope /ˈwɔːhp/ is a town in the Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It is within the boundaries of the Port Macquarie-Hastings Council area. Wauchope is inland on the Hastings River and the Oxley Highway 19 km (12 mi) west of Port Macquarie. The town is 406 km north of the state capital Sydney.

Wauchope is the location of Timbertown, a popular heritage theme park based around the logging industry that formed the basis for Wauchope's early economy and prosperity. The town has a population of approximately 7,500 (as of 2006 - including King Creek & Redbank). It has also played an important role in the Hastings Valley dairy industry.

History[edit]

By 1828 a number of land grants had been made along the Hastings River. It was not until 1836 that the village of Wauchope first came into existence. In that year Captain Robert Andrew Wauch (whose father dropped the 'ope' from the end of his name as a result of a family dispute) paid a deposit on 760 acres (3.1 km2) on King Creek.[2] He bought more property and built Wauch House.

Robert Wauch died in the Macleay area in 1866, and the Government Gazette published the deeds of his properties, specifying that they should be called Wauchope. When the post office opened in a nearby settlement in 1881, it was named Wauchope, although the Government Gazette misprinted the name Wanghope, an error that was not corrected until 1889.

Floods[edit]

The largest recorded flood in the Hastings River at Wauchope occurred on 13 January 1968 and reached a peak level of 9.1 metres (30 ft) above the Australian height datum (mAHD). The 1968 flood was estimated[by whom?] to be slightly rarer than a 100-year event. The next largest flood was determined to be the flood of 5 to 7 March 1894. This flood reached a peak flood level of 8.9 mAHD at Wauchope.

Other major floods occurred at Wauchope in February 1950 (8.45 mAHD), February 1929 (8.3 mAHD), August 1864 (8.2 mAHD), and June 1950 (8.1 mAHD).

The 1963 flood, which is notorious for the damage it caused in the lower reaches of the river, is only ranked as the eight highest flood at Wauchope. It reached a peak level at Wauchope of 7.75 mAHD and was considered[by whom?] to be a 1 in 15 year event at Wauchope.

On 23 February 2013 floodwaters peaked at 7.22 mAHD at 7.30pm after heavy rainfall in the upper catchment area.[3]

Industry and economy[edit]

Wauchope's economy was traditionally based on the timber industry. At different stages[when?] in its history, more timber was transported out of Wauchope than out of any other town in Australia (via the Wauchope railway station).[4] Timber from Wauchope was used in the construction of the Sydney Opera House.[citation needed]

Industry in and around Wauchope has transformed primarily into farming and tourism. Increasingly, Wauchope and its surrounding villages and farms are becoming known for gourmet produce, including cheeses, wines and organic fruits and vegetables.[citation needed] The Hastings Farmers Markets are held at the Wauchope Showground on the 4th Saturday of every month and showcase a wide variety of local produce.

Timbertown, the town's best-known tourist attraction, is a colonial-era themed village, which is located on the outskirts of Wauchope. It features static displays and attractions such as a working steam train, bullock team, and a Cobb and Co stage coach.[4][5] The Big Bull was a notable tourist attraction between Wauchope and Port Macquarie for twenty years, but was removed in 2007.[6]

Other important attractions include the historical society, historic buildings, Broken Bago vineyards and natural attractions including state forests and Bago Bluff National Park.[4]

The Wauchope railway station serves as an interchange for passengers travelling to nearby coastal centres such as Port Macquarie.[7]

Layout[edit]

The township is set out along the southern bank of the Hastings River with the back drop of Bago Mountain further south.

The main street is High Street (a small section of the Oxley Highway), running generally westward through the town after coming east from Port Macquarie and across the North Coast railway line. The main street includes the Co-op general store (previously Parkers) and a number of smaller businesses and local bank branches. At the corner of Hastings Street is the local post office. Further up the main street is the town clock, a legacy of the days the town was the centre of the Hastings Shire local government area. Back along Hastings Street is the Co-op supermarket as well as the court house. In 2009 work commenced on the rebuilding of this supermarket. The old building was completely demolished and a much larger and more modern structure was completed and opened in 2010.

The main cross street is Cameron Street. The Hastings Hotel is on the south-east corner of Cameron and High and the Star Hotel is a short distance north. The RSL club is another 100 metres north. Cameron Street leads to the Hastings River. A wharf was built at the northern end of Cameron Street for shipping produce downstream to Port Macquarie, but this no longer exists.

To the south of the main shopping area is the Wauchope Golf Course and Country Club, which occupies a premium site within the middle of the town. Further west is Timbertown, on the edge of large tracts of forestry land leading into the Bago Mountain area.

To the east of the main shopping area is the railway line from Sydney. The Hastings dairy and milk factory is located close to the point where the railway line crosses the Hastings River.

Schools[edit]

Railway station[edit]

Wauchope
Station statistics
Address Randall Street, Wauchope
New South Wales, Australia
Coordinates 31°27′22″S 152°44′12″E / 31.456018°S 152.736558°E / -31.456018; 152.736558
Line(s) North Coast line
Distance 455 km (283 mi) from Central
Structure type Ground
Platforms 1 (1 island)
Tracks 2
Other information
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station code WAU
Owned by RailCorp
Operator NSW TrainLink
Services
Preceding station   NSW Main lines   Following station
towards Border Loop
North Coast Line
towards Maitland
Preceding station   NSW TrainLink   Following station
towards Grafton, Casino or Brisbane
NSW TrainLink North Coast
towards Sydney

Wauchope has its own railway station on the North Coast Line of New South Wales. It is serviced by six NSW TrainLink trains per day 3 heading South (to Sydney), 3 heading further north to Grafton, Casino and Brisbane. Passengers can alight at this station for connecting coaches to the nearby Port Macquarie.

Platform Line Stopping pattern Notes
1 NSW TrainLink North Coast country services to Sydney, Brisbane, Casino and Grafton (1 per day)

People from Wauchope[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

The following city has been identified as a sister city of Wauchope by Sister Cities International:[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wauchope (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-09-06. 
  2. ^ "Wauchope". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  3. ^ (pdf) Hastings River Flood Study (Report). Department of Transport and Regional Services, Australian Government. August 2006. http://www.hastings.nsw.gov.au/resources/documents/Hastings_River_Flood_Study.pdf.
  4. ^ a b c "Wauchope". Trave Supplement. The Age. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  5. ^ "Things To See & Do". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-03. 
  6. ^ Honan, Kim (2007-10-15). "Big Bull Demise". ABC Rural. 
  7. ^ "Online Directory: Australia". Sister Cities International. 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 

Reg Smith - Wallaby 1971 - 1976 22 Test Caps

External links[edit]