Waupun, Wisconsin

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Waupun, Wisconsin
City
Sign on WIS 26
Sign on WIS 26
Location of Waupun, Wisconsin
Location of Waupun, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°37′54″N 88°44′9″W / 43.63167°N 88.73583°W / 43.63167; -88.73583Coordinates: 43°37′54″N 88°44′9″W / 43.63167°N 88.73583°W / 43.63167; -88.73583
Country United States
State Wisconsin
Counties Dodge, Fond du Lac
Area[1]
 • Total 4.44 sq mi (11.50 km2)
 • Land 4.39 sq mi (11.37 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Elevation[2] 892 ft (272 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 11,340
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 11,295
 • Density 2,583.1/sq mi (997.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 53963
Area code(s) 920
FIPS code 55-84425[5]
GNIS feature ID 1576324[2]

Waupun /wəˈpɑːn/[6] is a city in Dodge and Fond du Lac counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The population was 11,340 at the 2010 census.[7] Of this, 7,864 were in Dodge County, and 3,476 were in Fond du Lac County. In Fond du Lac County, there is also the Town of Waupun which abuts the city of Waupun.

Waupun also has the most outdoor public sculpture per capita of any city in North America.[citation needed] This includes the world famous "End of the Trail" statue, The Dawn of Day, the Who Sows Believes in God, the Pioneers, and The Recording Angel among others. These statues are in Waupun because of the donation of Clarence Addison Shaler. Mr. Shaler is buried by his wife in Waupun's Forest Mound Cemetery.

History[edit]

Waupun comes from the Ojibwe word "Waubun" which means "dawn of day."[8] In fact Waupun was originally supposed to be named "Waubun" but the State of Wisconsin made a spelling error, and Waupun never bothered to change it.

Waupun was founded in 1839 by Seymour Wilcox, the first settler along the Rock River in what was then deciduous forested land. The territorial Census in 1847 showed Waupun Township to have a population of 956. In 1851, the city was chosen for the State Penitentiary, owing to the abundance of limestone for construction. The main building, constructed in 1854, is still in use. The population in 1940 was 6,725.

Geography[edit]

Waupun is located at 43°37′54″N 88°44′9″W / 43.63167°N 88.73583°W / 43.63167; -88.73583 (43.631577, -88.735835).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.44 square miles (11.50 km2), of which, 4.39 square miles (11.37 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

The relief of the city is moderate, ranging from 870 feet (270 m) at the Rock River, to its highest elevation of 941 feet (287 m) above sea level.

Waupun lies near the edge of the Horicon Marsh, the largest cattail marsh in the United States, and is the principal access point to wildlife viewing for the Horicon Wildlife Refuges.

The Fond du Lac County Park, on the edge of Waupun, has preserved a remnant stand of old-growth southern mesic forest, which once covered over 3 million acres (12,000 km2) of Southern Wisconsin.

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 11,340 people, 3,485 households, and 2,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,583.1 inhabitants per square mile (997.3 /km2). There were 3,703 housing units at an average density of 843.5 per square mile (325.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.7% White, 12.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 3,485 households of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 36.4 years. 17.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 35.1% were from 25 to 44; 23.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 61.0% male and 39.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 10,718 people, 3,351 households, and 2,228 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,906.3 people per square mile (1,121.5/km²). There were 3,512 housing units at an average density of 952.3 per square mile (367.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.06% White, 11.81% African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.84% of the population.

There were 3,351 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 150.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 161.2 males.

The median in the city was $40,597, and the median income for a family was $50,820. Males had a median income of $34,795 versus $23,517 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,947. About 4.4% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

(Note: The above statistics may not accurately reflect the civilian population, as the census includes 2,741 incarcerated males (2008) in Waupun's state correctional institutions.)

Economy[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Correctional institutions[edit]

Waupun is also known as "The Prison City."[10] The Dodge Correctional Institution, John C. Burke Correctional Center, and Waupun Correctional Institution are located in Waupun.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://www.misspronouncer.com/towns/waupun.html
  7. ^ 2010 Census returns
  8. ^ Waubun Minnesota Vacation Destination - Tamarac National Wildlife Rescue. Park Rapids Chamber http://parkrapids.com/neighborhoods/waubun.htm |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ http://www.soldiershome.org/our_story/ems_letter_1865.htm

External links[edit]