Waverly, Tennessee

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Waverly, Tennessee
City
Humphreys County Courthouse in Waverly
Humphreys County Courthouse in Waverly
Location of Waverly, Tennessee
Location of Waverly, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°5′9″N 87°47′13″W / 36.08583°N 87.78694°W / 36.08583; -87.78694Coordinates: 36°5′9″N 87°47′13″W / 36.08583°N 87.78694°W / 36.08583; -87.78694
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Humphreys
Incorporated 1838[1]
Named for Waverley Novels of Sir Walter Scott[1]
Area
 • Total 8.1 sq mi (21 km2)
 • Land 8.1 sq mi (21 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 535 ft (163 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,028
 • Density 495.7/sq mi (191.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37185
Area code(s) 931 Exchange: 296
FIPS code 47-78560[2]
GNIS feature ID 1273950[3]

Waverly is a city in and the county seat of Humphreys County, Tennessee, United States.[4] The population was 4,028 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Waverly was established by Steven Pavatt as a stop along the stage coach road between Nashville and Memphis in the early 19th century. Pavatt was a fan of the author Sir Walter Scott, and named the community after Scott's Waverley Novels. When Humphreys County was created in 1803, Reynoldsburg, located northwest of Waverly along the Tennessee River, was chosen as the county seat. However, when county lands on the west bank of the Tennessee split off to become part of the newly created Benton County in 1835, the Humphreys County seat was moved to Waverly, which had become the more central location in the county. A courthouse was built in 1836, and the town was officially incorporated in 1838.[1]

THC marker in Waverly recalling the now-defunct town of Reynoldsburg

Like most of Middle and West Tennessee, Waverly was staunchly pro-Confederacy during the American Civil War. Humphreys County voted unanimously in favor of secession in 1861. Union troops occupied the town in 1863 to guard the railroad between White Bluff and Johnsonville (now Old Johnsonville), the latter being a Federal supply depot and transfer station. The Union troops managed to build a fort at the courthouse square, although they were constantly harassed by Confederate guerillas. On November 4, 1864, Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked and destroyed the Federal depot in what became known as the Battle of Johnsonville.[1] The battle occurred approximately 10 miles (16 km) west of Waverly at the mouth of Trace Creek.

Hurricane Mills, located a few miles south of Waverly along TN-13, was the site of a substantial mill and carding factory in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A Mississippian-era prehistoric village (known as the Duck River Temple Mounds or Link Farm Site)[5] and a farm owned by Jesse James were both located near the Link farm site in the vicinity of Hurricane Mills.[1]

On February 24, 1978, a propane tank car explosion occurred in downtown Waverly when an L&N train derailed. The explosion, which killed 16 people, led to an overhaul of the methods used by the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency when responding to hazardous material spills.[6]

Geography[edit]

Waverly is located at 36°5′9″N 87°47′13″W / 36.08583°N 87.78694°W / 36.08583; -87.78694 (36.085847, −87.786917).[7] The city is situated in the Trace Creek Valley, just over 10 miles (16 km) east of the creek's confluence with the Kentucky Lake impoundment of the Tennessee River. The low ridges that "wall in" Waverly to the north and south represent the fringe of the western section of the Highland Rim.

Waverly is centered around the junction of U.S. Route 70, which connects the city to Nashville to the east and Memphis to the west, and State Route 13, which connects the city to Hurricane Mills and Interstate 40 to the south and the rural areas around Erin to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.1 square miles (21 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 786
1910 947 20.5%
1920 1,054 11.3%
1930 1,152 9.3%
1940 1,318 14.4%
1950 1,892 43.6%
1960 2,891 52.8%
1970 3,794 31.2%
1980 4,405 16.1%
1990 3,925 −10.9%
2000 4,028 2.6%
2010 4,105 1.9%
Est. 2012 4,131 0.6%
Sources:[8][9]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,028 people, 1,716 households, and 1,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 495.7 people per square mile (191.3/km²). There were 1,887 housing units at an average density of 232.2 per square mile (89.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.75% White, 9.51% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.99% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race.

North Court Square in Waverly

There were 1,716 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,614, and the median income for a family was $44,375. Males had a median income of $30,610 versus $19,297 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,139. About 10.9% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.0% of those under age 18 and 15.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "History of Humphreys County Tennessee". Humphreys County Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on May 16, 2007. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ National Register of Historic Places; Item #73001791, Record #365523.
  6. ^ "The Waverly Explosion". Tennessee Emergency Management Agency. 2001. Archived from the original on May 16, 2006. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Susan Goodman Wins Mrs. American Pageant". Ocala Star-Banner 39 (243). May 1, 1983. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 

External links[edit]