Wawona Covered Bridge
Wawona Covered Bridge
|Location||Pioneer Yosemite History Center, Wawona, California|
|Area||1 acre (0.40 ha)|
|Architectural style||Modified Queen-post through|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||January 11, 2007|
The Wawona Covered Bridge is a covered bridge spanning the South Fork of the Merced River near Wawona, California in Yosemite National Park. The bridge was built by Galen Clark, the steward of what was then called the Yosemite Grant, in 1868, without its cladding. The bridge was a major component of Clark's proposed new road from Wawona to the Yosemite Valley. Clark was unable to complete the road, which he sold to the Washburn Group of investors along with the Wawona Hotel. The Washburn Group completed the road to the Yosemite Valley in 1879. It is one of twelve remaining covered bridges in California.
The modified queen post truss was covered with Douglas fir cladding in 1878, enclosing the Ponderosa pine structure and its iron tie rods. The bridge served automobile traffic until 1937, when a new bridge was built about 200 metres (660 ft) to the southwest. The bridge was repaired by Civilian Conservation Corps labor the same year. In 1955 the bridge was damaged by flooding. Marked for replacement on account of the damage and its poor general condition, the bridge was instead reconstructed after National Park Service landscape architect Thomas Chalmers Vint intervened in its favor. Work was funded as part of the Park Service's Mission 66 program, using the bridge as the centerpiece of an interpretive exhibit on the history of the Wawona area. The Pioneer Yosemite Historic Center was established nearby. The bridge was repaired, with damaged elements replaced in kind. Since 1957 the bridge has had a number of repairs and replacements as materials have deteriorated.
Other structures at the Pioneer Yosemite History Center include:
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Bergstein, Seth (October 2002). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Wawona Covered Bridge". National Park Service. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Quin, Richard H. (1991). "Wawona Covered Bridge". Historic American Engineering Record. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Wawona Covered Bridge, Spanning South Fork Merced River on service road, Wawona, Mariposa, CA — with two drawings, fifteen photos, 11 data pages and one photo caption page, at the Historic American Engineering Record.
Media related to Wawona Covered Bridge at Wikimedia Commons