Wayles Browne

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E. Wayles Browne
WaylesBrown.jpg
Born 1941
Washington, D.C.
Education Harvard University
MIT
University of Zagreb
Occupation Professor of Linguistics, Translator
Employer Cornell University
Known for Slavic languages
General linguistics
Translation

Eppes Wayles Browne (born 1941, Washington, DC) is a linguist, Slavist, translator and editor of Slavic journals in several countries. Browne is Professor of Linguistics[1] at Cornell University, with research interests in Slavic and general linguistics, notably the study and analysis of Serbo-Croatian, where he is one of the leading Western scholars.

Biography[edit]

Browne's Slavic studies began with his undergraduate career at Harvard University (A.B., 1963, in Linguistics and Slavic Languages), and continued with graduate work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of Novi Sad (then in SFR Yugoslavia), culminating in a Ph.D. degree (dated 1980, defended in January 1981, and awarded in 1983) from the University of Zagreb.[2] He studied with some of the finest linguists and Slavicists of the 20th century, including Roman Jakobson, Horace G. Lunt, Morris Halle, and Pavle Ivić. His dissertation, directed by Rudolf Filipović,[3] was entitled Relativna rečenica u hrvatskom ili srpskom jeziku u poređenju s engleskom situacijom ("Relative Clauses in the Croatian or Serbian Language in Comparison with the English Situation") and is one of the first serious attempts to analyze Serbo-Croatian syntax within a generative grammar framework. It was later published in revised form, in 1986, as Relative Clauses in Serbo-Croatian, as part of the Zagreb English-Serbo-Croatian Contrastive Project, by the Institute of Linguistics of University of Zagreb.

Besides his present position at Cornell, where he has taught since 1974, Professor Browne has taught at Brown University and Yale University. He has also held research positions at MIT and at the University of Zagreb.

Linguistics[edit]

Browne's main interests lie in the syntax of Serbo-Croatian and other South Slavic languages (with particular attention to relative clauses, clitic placement rules, and complement clauses) and in the contributions data from these languages can make to theoretical work in general linguistics. He has also published works on the topic of the Balkan language area, Slavic historical grammar, comparative and contrastive grammar, and pedagogical grammar.

He served as the co-editor of Annual Workshop on Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: the Cornell Meeting, 1995 (Michigan Slavic Publications, 1997), and has authored more than 65 articles and 20 reviews, covering topics not just in Serbo-Croatian and South Slavic linguistics but also in Slavic linguistics more generally (including work on Russian and on Czech) and in linguistic theory.

As part of a team of scholars, described by Slavic and Balkan languages professor Christina Kramer as "each recognized internationally in his language area",[4] he wrote the widely cited definitive sketch of Serbo-Croatian grammar: "Serbo-Croat" (pp. 306–387 in The Slavonic Languages, B. Comrie and G. Corbett, eds., Routledge Publishers, 1993). Several reviewers commented favourably on Browne's contribution: Roland Sussex considered it superior to an independent monograph on the same language,[5] while Edna Andrews wrote in her review of the book's 2002 second edition, "Wayles Browne does an outstanding job ... and his contribution continues to be one of the best in the field."[6] Browne has also served as linguistics editor for The Slavic and East European Journal.[7]

In the Introduction of the recently published book A Linguist's Linguist: Studies in South Slavic Linguistics in Honor of E. Wayles Browne [8] that "brings together a leading cohort of specialists in South Slavic linguistics to celebrate Wayles Browne's body of works in this area," the editors Steven Franks, Vrinda Chidambaram, and Brian Joseph described Wayles Browne's as "a unique and almost irreplaceable intellectual resource for specialists in Slavic linguistics, working on a myriad of topics in a variety of languages and from a range of theoretical perspectives. He has been a subtle yet persistent force in bringing Slavic puzzles to the attention of the larger world of linguists and in defining the larger significance of these puzzles."[9]

In general linguistics, Browne has done research in syntax, morphology, and phonology as well as in relative clauses and other subordinate clauses, interrogatives,[10] clitic rules, word order,[11] reflexive verbs, and accent rules,[12] publishing numerous pieces in such major journals as Balkanistica, Folia Slavica, and Linguistic Inquiry.

Translations[edit]

Browne's literary translations are mostly from Serbo-Croatian varieties (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian). He has been the principal English translator and editor for the Bosnian poet Sasha Skenderija since 1993,[13] [14] and he has also translated the works of Mak Dizdar,[15] Izet Sarajlić,[16] Milorad Pejić[17] and others.[18] Browne has also translated Croatian scholarly works,[19] and translates from or teaches other South Slavic languages, in addition to Polish,[20] Czech,[21] Russian, Belarusian,[22] Rusyn language [23] and Old Church Slavonic.[24]

Personal life and views[edit]

In 1994, Browne and his wife provided accommodation at their home for a student refugee from the Bosnian War, who arrived in the United States as part of a scheme organised by the Fellowship of Reconciliation.[25] He later criticised the 1999 NATO bombing of Yugoslavia for its effect on civilians, while acknowledging, "if somebody is going to intervene militarily, Slobodan Milošević is a very good person to intervene against."[26]

Works[edit]

Major work in linguistics[edit]

  • Browne, W. (1975). Numerous articles. In R. Filipovic (Ed.), Contrastive analysis of English and Serbo-Croatian I. Zagreb.
  • Browne, W. (1986). Relative Clauses in Serbo-Croatian in Comaparison with English. Zagreb.
  • Browne, W. (1990). Turkisms in the Balkans: True and false friends. Languages in Contact. Zagreb.
  • Browne, W. (1993). Serbo-Croat. In B. Comrie and G. Corbett (Eds.), The Slavonic Languages. London.
  • Browne, Wayles; Alt, Theresa (2004). A Handbook of Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian (PDF). SEELRC. 

Selected literary translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Department of Linguistics, Cornell University. "Wayles Browne". Cornell University. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 
  2. ^ Catalogue of the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Zagreb
  3. ^ http://www.linguistlist.org/issues/12/12-1056.html
  4. ^ Christina E. Kramer; Comrie, Bernard; Corbett, Greville G. (Autumn 1995). "Review of The Slavonic Languages.". The Slavic and East European Journal (American Association of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages) 39 (3): 473–474. doi:10.2307/308267. JSTOR 308267. 
  5. ^ Roland Sussex (January 1999). "Kordić Snježana. Serbo-Croatian". The Slavonic and East European Review 77 (1): 142–144. 
  6. ^ Edna Andrews (Summer 2005). "Bernard Comrie and Grenville G. Corbett, eds. The Slavonic Languages". The Slavic and East European Journal 49 (2): 351–352. doi:10.2307/20058293. 
  7. ^ George Gutsche (Winter 1993). "Minutes". The Slavic and East European Journal (American Association of Teachers of Slavic and East European Languages) 37 (4): 617–620. doi:10.2307/308491. JSTOR 308491. 
  8. ^ A linguist's linguist : studies in South Slavic linguistics in honor of E. Wayles Browne / edited by Steven Franks, Vrinda Chidambaram, & Brian Joseph. Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers. 2009. p. 480. ISBN 978-0-89357-364-5. Introduction (p. 1-13) 
  9. ^ "Slavica Publishers". Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  10. ^ Wayles Browne (June 1996). "Difficulties in Testing Wh-movement". Suvremena lingvistika. 41–42 (1–2): 81–86. 
  11. ^ Wayles Browne (2003). "Razlike u redu riječi u zavisnoj rečenici: kontaktni i distantni položaj veznika da2 i glagola (Unterschiede der Wortstellung im abhängigen Satz: Kontakt- und Distanstellung der Konjunktion da2 zum Verb)". Wiener Slawistischer Almanach 57: 39–44. 
  12. ^ Wayles Browne (2002). "Open and Closed Accent Types in Nouns in Serbo-Croatian". The Kenneth E. Naylor Memorial Lecture Series in South Slavic Linguistics (3). 
  13. ^ Skenderija, Sasha; Wayles Browne (2008). Why the Dwarf Had to be Shot. Austin, Texas: Black Buzzard Press. p. 96. ISBN 0-938872-39-7. Afterword (p. 90-92) and About the Translators (p.94) describe history of Skenderija/Browne collaboration. 
  14. ^ Skenderija, Saša (2011). Rt Dobre Nade. Tešanj, Bosnia: Tešanj : Centar za kulturu i obrazovanje. pp. 47, [1], 47, [1] p. bilingual (Bosnian English) tête-bêche edition. ISBN 9958-792-78-8. 
  15. ^ Mak Dizdar (July 2007). "Dark Blue River". Spirit of Bosnia 2 (3). 
  16. ^ Wayles Browne (March 1994). "Poetry from OSIP: Two Bosnian Poets". Bookpress 4 (2): 6–7. 
  17. ^ Pejić, Milorad (2009). Spirit of Bosnia http://www.spiritofbosnia.org/volume-4-no-2-2009-april/friends-in-the-universe/ |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  18. ^ Marko Vesovic (April 2008). "Grave, Cavern". Spirit of Bosnia 3 (2). 
  19. ^ "Faculty & Student Achievements". Cornucopia: Medieval Studies at Cornell. Retrieved 2009-02-11. 
  20. ^ http://sjikp.us.edu.pl/index.php?Tr=Pub&Ze=1&Dz=PS&WRok=2001&WNrPS=38&Typ=Autor&WTem=960
  21. ^ Anderson, Stephen R. and Wayles Browne (1973). "On Keeping Exchange Rules in Czech". Papers in Linguistics 6: 445–82. doi:10.1080/08351817309370350. 
  22. ^ http://www.belarusianstudies.org/download/NAVINY-Autumn2008.pdf
  23. ^ http://slavic.osu.edu/events/yr2008/sls2008/program.cfm
  24. ^ http://www.arts.cornell.edu/medieval/Program/RussianSt.htm
  25. ^ Rebecca James (February 13, 1994). "Bosnian student finds shelter from war; she plans to enroll at Tompkins Cortland Community College". The Post-Standard (LexisNexis reprint). 
  26. ^ Sean Copeland (March 31, 1999). "Cornell U. community reacts to Kosovo". University Wire (LexisNexis reprint). 

External links[edit]