Wayne Hays

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Wayne Hays
Wayne Hays.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 18th district
In office
January 3, 1949 – September 1, 1976
Preceded by Earl R. Lewis
Succeeded by Douglas Applegate
Personal details
Born Wayne Levere Hays
May 13, 1911
Bannock, Ohio
Died February 10, 1989[1] (age 77)
Wheeling, West Virginia[1]
Political party Democratic

Wayne Levere Hays (May 13, 1911, Bannock, Ohio – February 10, 1989, Wheeling, West Virginia) was an American politician whose strong rule of the House Administration Committee extended to even the smallest items. In the mid-1970s, lawmakers avoided crossing Hays for fear that he would shut off the air conditioning in their offices.[2] He resigned from Congress after a much-publicized sex scandal in 1976. He resided in St. Clairsville, Ohio at the time of his death.

While his colleagues might have argued over whether he, as chairman of the House Administrative Committee and the Democratic Campaign Committee, was the second or third most powerful member of Congress, few disagreed that he stood in a class by himself as the meanest man in the House.

Bud Shuster1983[3]

Early years[edit]

Hays graduated from Ohio State University[4] in 1933. He served as mayor of Flushing, Ohio, from 1939 to 1945 and simultaneously served in the Ohio state senate in 1941 and 1942. Starting in 1945 he served a four-year term as Commissioner of Belmont County. He was a member of the Army Officers’ Reserve Corps from 1933 until called to active duty as a second lieutenant on December 8, 1941, with a medical discharge in August 1942.

Politics[edit]

Hays, a Democrat, was elected to the 81st Congress in 1948,[4] and was subsequently elected to thirteen succeeding Congresses. He was chairman of the powerful Committee on House Administration.[4]

Hays received 5 votes for president at the 1972 Democratic National Convention without campaigning for the office. In 1976 Hays ran for the party's nomination for President as a favorite son candidate in the Ohio primary.[5]

Sex scandal[edit]

In May 1976, the Washington Post broke the story quoting Elizabeth Ray, Hays's former secretary, saying that Hays hired her on his staff, and later gave her a raise as staff of the House Administration Committee for two years to serve as his mistress. Hays had divorced his wife of 38 years just months prior, and married his veteran Ohio office secretary, Pat Peak, in early 1976, shortly before the scandal broke.[5] Ostensibly a secretary, Ray admitted: "I can't type. I can't file. I can't even answer the phone." She even "let a reporter listen in as the Ohio congressman told her on the phone that his recent marriage (to another former secretary) would not affect their arrangement."[6]

Time Magazine reported, "Liz chose to tell her story after Hays decided to marry Pat Peak and did not invite her. 'I was good enough to be his mistress for two years but not good enough to be invited to his wedding,' she pouted." Three days later, Hays admitted to most of the allegations on the House floor, denying only "that Miss Ray's federal salary was awarded solely for sexual services. She was not, insisted Hays, 'hired to be my mistress.'"[2] He resigned as chairman of the Committee on House Administration on June 18, 1976, and then resigned from Congress on September 1, 1976.[4]

Later years[edit]

After leaving office, Hays returned to Red Gate Farm, his 300-acre property in Belmont, where he bred Angus cattle and Tennessee walking horses.[4] Hays served one term, from 1979 to 1981, as member of the Ohio House of Representatives.[4] He was defeated by future Congressman Bob Ney.

See also[edit]

External sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ONCE FORMIDABLE IN HOUSE, EX-REP. WAYNE HAYS DIES". Deseret News. Feb 11, 1989. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b June 7, 1976 Time (magazine)
  3. ^ Shuster, Bud (1983). Believing in America. New York: William Morrow and Company. pp. 63–64. ISBN 0-688-01834-3. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Wayne L. Hays of Ohio Dies at 77; Scandal Ended Career in Congress". New York Times via Associated Press. Feb 11, 1989. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Clark, Marion; Maxa, Rudy (May 23, 1976). "Closed Session Romance on the Hill". Washington Post. Retrieved July 5, 2013. 
  6. ^ may 1986 The Washington Monthly


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Earl R. Lewis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 18th congressional district

January 3, 1949 – September 1, 1976
Succeeded by
Douglas Applegate