|Spouse(s)||Dr. Marietta Cameron|
Julian L. McPhillips won many counties in the southern part of the state, but Susan Parker won the most counties. Sowell endorsed Parker for the run off. Parker was the first woman in Alabama to be nominated for a Senate seat. Parker lost to incumbent Republican Jeff Sessions in the general election, winning 40% of votes against Sessions' 59%.
Sowell was the first African American candidate from a major party in Alabama to be nominated for one of its United States Senate seats. He received the Democratic nomination when the other Democratic candidate was ruled ineligible. He was considered a long-shot against Republican opponent Richard C. Shelby, receiving only 32.4 percent of the vote in the election. Shelby won his fourth consecutive term with 67.6 percent. One of Sowell's controversial tenets during the election was the legalization of marijuana.
- Lyman, Rick (2 June 2004). "Democrats Starting to See Chance of Keeping Senate Seats in South". The New York Times (www.nytimes.com). Retrieved 16 July 2009.[dead link]
- "United States Senate Race". The Thomasville Times (www.thethomasvilletimes.com). 24 October 2004. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
- "Battle for the Senate: Outlook for the Republicans in 2010". America Votes. www.americavotes.org. Retrieved 16 July 2009.[dead link]
- "Wayne Sowell on Drugs". Wayne Sowell campaign website. www.ontheissues.org. 17 May 2004. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
- "Marietta E. Cameron". Official Web Site of Birmingham-Southern College. Retrieved 16 July 2009.
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