Wazir Ali Khan

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Wazir Ali Khan
Mirza (Royal title)
Nawab Wazir of Oudh
WazirAliKhan.jpg
Reign 1797–1798
Coronation 21 September 1797, Lucknow
Full name Asif Jah Mirza Wazir Ali Khan
Titles Nawab Wazir
Marhoom va Muqfoor[nt 1]
Born 19 April 1780
Birthplace Lucknow
Died 15 May 1817
Place of death Vellore Fort, Vellore
Buried Casia Baguan, Kasi Baghan
Predecessor none
Successor Sa`adat `Ali Khan II
Royal house Nishapuri
Dynasty Oudh
Religious beliefs Shia Islam

Wazir Ali Khan (Hindi: वज़ीर अली खान, Urdu: وزیر علی خان‎)(b. 19 April 1780 – d. 15 May 1817) was the fourth[1] nawab wazir of Oudh from 21 September 1797 to 21 January 1798,[2] and the son of Muhammad Nasir.[3]

Life[edit]

He was adopted the son of Asaf-Ud-Dowlah, who had no son. He adopted a boy who was son of daughter of a servant. At 13 years of age Ali, was married at the cost of £ 300000 in Lucknow.

After the death of his adopted father in September 1797 he ascended to the throne (musnud), with support of the British. Within four months they accused him of being unfaithful. Sir John Shore (1751–1834) then moved in with 12 battalions and replaced him with his uncle Saadat Ali Khan II.

Attack on Davis' House (14. jan. 1799)

Ali was granted a pension of 20,000 Rupees and removed to Benares. The government in Calcutta decided that he should be removed further from his former realm. Cherry, a British resident, relayed this order to him on 14 January 1799 during a breakfast invitation at which Ali had appeared with an armed guard. During the ensuing argument Cherry abused and ignored Ali's request which resulted in Ali striking Cherry a blow with his sabre, whereupon the guards killed the resident and two more Europeans. They then set out to attack the house of Davis, another colonial officer. He defended himself on the staircase of his house until rescued by British troops.

Subsequently Ali assembled a rebellious army of several thousand men. A quickly assembled force commanded by General Erskine moved into Benares and "restored order" by 21 January. Ali fled to Butwal, Rajputana and was granted asylum by the Raja of Jaipur. On request of Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Mornington, the raja turned Ali over to the British on the condition that he neither be hanged nor be put in fetters. Ali surrendered to the British authorities in December 1799, and was placed in rigorous confinement at Fort William, Calcutta.

The colonial government complied with this: Ali spent the rest of life - 17 years - in an iron cage in Vellore Fort, the Madras Presidency. He was buried in the Muslim graveyard of Kasi Baghan.

Timeline[edit]

Preceded by
Asaf ad-Dowla Amani
Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik of Oudh
Sep 21 1797 – Jan 21 1798
Succeeded by
Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur

Literature[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nawab Wazir Ali Khan
  2. ^ Princely States of India
  3. ^ HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui
  1. ^ title after death

External links[edit]