The song is often referred to only by the name "Gonna Die". The liner notes to the How Could Hell Be Any Worse album lists the title as "We're Only Gonna Die from Our Own Arrogance". Graffin occasionally introduces the song with this complete title. The band also called the song "Modern Man" before the release of their 1990 fifth album Against the Grain, which contained a track by that name.
The song was covered by the band Biohazard who called it "We're Only Gonna Die from Our Own Arrogance". Bad Religion and Biohazard played this song live together during a show in the late '90s.
The ska punk band Sublime also covered this song, calling it "We're Only Gonna Die for Our Arrogance." After performing the cover live for several years, a studio version was recorded for their 1992 album 40 Oz. to Freedom. The song continued to be frequently included in their live set lists throughout their history.