We Come to the River
|Hans Werner Henze|
We Come to the River is an opera by Hans Werner Henze to an English libretto by Edward Bond. Henze and Bond described this work as "Actions for music", rather than an opera. It was Henze's 7th opera, written originally for the Royal Opera in London, and takes as its focus the horrors of war. The opera was first performed at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London on 12 July 1976, with the composer as producer, Jürgen Henze as director, and David Atherton conducting. It was subsequently staged in Berlin, and received its first American performance at Santa Fe Opera in 1984, conducted by Dennis Russell Davies.
The opera is notable for its complex staging, including a large cast of 111 roles covered by over 50 singers, with doubling of roles and three separate instrumental ensembles, including a percussionist who actually performs among the singers on stage. The scholar Robert Hatten has noted the mix of musical styles that Henze has employed, ranging from 'atonal to neoclassically tonal'. Although the subject matter of war would usually indicate a realistic treatment, Henze calls for three separate stages, and urges producers to avoid realism in the costuming. The Emperor's role is written for a mezzo soprano voice - thus the abstract Emperor becomes the embodiment of evil. The use of typically romantic coloraturas for the role of Rachel is another device to remove a character from realism into abstraction - in this case, the sycophantic nature of Rachel. Despite the vast forces required to perform the work, Henze asks for the utmost simplicity in production values.
Following its premiere at The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden in 1976, and later that same year in the Deutsche Oper Berlin, the opera was given in 1977 at the Staatsoper Köln and the Staatsoper Stuttgart. After some years, it was presented by The Santa Fe Opera in 1984, by the Hamburg Opera in 2001, and recently by Semperoper in Dresden in 2012.
|Role||Voice type||Premiere Cast, 12 July 1976
(Conductor: David Atherton)
and Royal Opera House orchestra.
|Young woman||soprano||Josephine Barstow|
|Second soldier's wife||soprano||Felicity Lott|
|First soldier||tenor||Francis Egerton|
|Second soldier||tenor||Gerald English|
|Third soldier||tenor||Alan Watt|
|Fourth soldier||tenor||Malcolm King|
|Fifth soldier||tenor||Alexander Oliver|
|Sixth soldier||tenor||John Lanigan|
|Seventh soldier||bass||Richard Angas|
|Eighth soldier||bass||Dennis Wicks|
|Old woman||mezzo-soprano||Yvonne Kenny|
|Major Hillcourt||mime||Kenton Moore|
The work is in two acts, divided into 11 scenes. The setting is an imaginary empire.
The general, who gives no thought to the morality of his profession, has put down an abortive revolution. A deserter is executed, after the general has heard his pleading. Later, the soldier's wife and her mother, who have been looting corpses to try to survive, are also shot. Later, the doctor tells the general that he has a disease that will eventually render him blind. This news causes the general to start to come to terms with his own vulnerability, and to start to question war. Finally repulsed by images of the battlefield wounded, the general leaves the army, but this does not obliterate his past actions.
The general has been imprisoned in an insane asylum. The asylum inhabitants obsessively tell tales of violence while tearing at their hair and clothes. They also prepare an imaginary boat for a future escape. One of the general's soldiers tells him of the atrocities going on. The authorities approach the general again to order him to take the field on behalf of the empire. When he refuses, the emperor's henchmen blind him so that he cannot lead a revolution from the asylum. The blind general sees visions of his victims. At the close of the work, the inmates kill the general.
- Bernard Holland, "Henze's River Performed in Santa Fe". New York Times, 3 August 1984.
- Michael Walsh, "Brutality and Bathos in Santa Fe". Time, 13 August 1984 (one word in on-line title is misspelled).
- Robert Henderson, "Hans Werner Henze" The Musical Times, 117(1601), 566-568 (1976).
- Hatten 1990, 293.
- preface to the score of We Come to the River, Schott
- Premiere cast from the Royal Opera House database accessed 16 February 2014.
- Amadeus Almanac, accessed 6 November 2008
- Clements, Andrew. 1992. We Come to the River. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, ed. Stanley Sadie. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-73432-7
- Hatten, Robert S. 1990. "Pluralism of Theatrical Genre and Musical Style in Henze's We Come to the River". Perspectives of New Music 28, no. 2 (Summer): 292–311.