|Founded||21 January 2010|
|Split from||Movement for the Autonomies|
|Headquarters||via Fratelli del Gaudio, 13
83100 Avellino, Campania
|European Parliament group||no MEPs|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Politics of Italy
The party emerged in January 2010 as a split from the Movement for the Autonomies (MpA). MpA, a Sicilian-based regionalist party active all around Southern Italy, had been in coalition, both at national and regional level, with The People of Freedom (PdL), the centre-right party led by Silvio Berlusconi since 2006, but had become critical of him.
In December 2009 Raffaele Lombardo, leader of MpA and President of Sicily, formed his third cabinet including ministers from his MpA party, the PdL–Sicily and the newly formed regional section of Alliance for Italy, plus some independents, including one who was close to the opposition Democratic Party (PD). No members of the "official" PdL were included.
The break-up of the alliance with the official PdL in Sicily and all around the South led to a painful split. In January 2010 Vincenzo Scotti and four deputies out of eight (Arturo Iannaccone, Elio Belcastro, Antonio Milo and Luciano Sardelli), who wanted to continue the alliance with the PdL, were expelled from the party and formed their own movement. In the 2010 regional elections the party gained 3.6% of the vote in Campania and 3.1% in Calabria.
In October 2010, in the Italian Chamber of Deputies, NS formed a joint group with The Populars of Italy Tomorrow (PID) led by Luciano Sardelli (NS). In that occasion Americo Porfidia, a former member of Italy of Values (IdV), joined NS. Another deputy coming from IdV, Antonio Razzi, joined NS in December. On 20 January 2011 NS was a founding component of Responsible Initiative/People and Land (IR/PT), a centre-right group in the Chamber, but one deputy, Antonio Gaglione, refused to join it.
The party was soon divided in two wings, one led by Iannaccone and another one led by Scotti. In May 2011 Scotti tried to sack Iannaccone as secretary of the party and was sacked as president by Iannaccone instead. In July Iannaccone led NS to jointly launch with Force of the South and I South the Federation of the South, later Great South.
In November 2011 Iannaccone, Belcastro and Porfidia left PT to join forces with Force of the South in the Mixed Group, while still being loyal to Berlusconi. The other group, led by Scotti and composed of Milo and Sardelli, who also had left PT and NS itself, were very critical to Berlusconi instead. Scotti even left the government some days before Berlusconi decided to resign. Since the new sub-group within the Mixed Group was formed, the party practically had just three deputies: Iannaccone, Belcastro and Porfidia.
- Secretary: Arturo Iannaccone (2010–present)
- President: Vincenzo Scotti (2010–2011), Americo Porfidia (2011–present)