|Founded||21 January 2010|
|Split from||Movement for the Autonomies|
|Headquarters||via Fratelli del Gaudio, 13
83100 Avellino, Campania
|European Parliament group||no MEPs|
|Chamber of Deputies|
|Politics of Italy
The party emerged in January 2010 as a split from the Movement for the Autonomies (MpA). MpA, a Sicilian-based regionalist party active all around Southern Italy, had been in coalition, both at national and regional level, with The People of Freedom (PdL), the centre-right party led by Silvio Berlusconi since 2006, but had become critical of him. In December 2009 Raffaele Lombardo, leader of MpA and President of Sicily, had formed his third cabinet including ministers from his MpA party, the PdL–Sicily and the newly formed regional section of Alliance for Italy, plus some independents, including one who was close to the opposition Democratic Party (PD). No members of the "official" PdL were included.
The break-up of the alliance with the official PdL in Sicily and all around the South led to a painful split within the MpA. In January 2010 Vincenzo Scotti and four deputies out of eight (Arturo Iannaccone, Elio Belcastro, Antonio Milo and Luciano Sardelli), who wanted to continue the alliance with the PdL, were expelled from the party and formed their own movement.
In October 2010 NS formed a joint group, led by Luciano Sardelli (NS), in the Chamber of Deputies with The Populars of Italy Tomorrow (PID). In the event Americo Porfidia, a former member of Italy of Values (IdV), joined NS. Another former IdV deputy, Antonio Razzi, joined NS in December. In January 2011 NS took part to Responsible Initiative/People and Territory (IR/PT), a centre-right group in the Chamber, but one deputy, Antonio Gaglione, refused to join it.
The party was soon divided in two wings, one led by Iannaccone and another one led by Scotti. In May 2011 Scotti tried to sack Iannaccone as secretary of the party and was sacked as president by Iannaccone instead. In July Iannaccone led NS to jointly launch with Force of the South and I South the Federation of the South, later Great South. In November 2011 Iannaccone, Belcastro and Porfidia left PT to join forces with Force of the South in the Mixed Group, while still being loyal to Berlusconi. The other faction, including Scotti, Milo and Sardelli, was more critical toward Berlusconi. Since the new sub-group within the Mixed Group was formed, the party was left with three deputies: Iannaccone, Belcastro and Porfidia. In October 2012 the party changed its name into Autonomy South (AS).
After the 2013 general election the party was no longer represented in Parliament. However, in the election, Milo, who had revived We the South, was elected to the Senate on the PdL ticket and later joined the Great Autonomies and Freedom group, while retaining his loyalty to the PdL, which was transformed into Forza Italia in late 2013.
- Secretary: Arturo Iannaccone (2010–present)
- President: Vincenzo Scotti (2010–2011), Americo Porfidia (2011–present)
- Lombardo oggi azzera il governo regionale Si riparte con Mpa, Pdl Sicilia e rutelliani | Palermo la Repubblica.it
- L' Mpa espelle Enzo Scotti «Sta con il Pdl»
- Porfidia, l'amico di Cosentino mette in crisi Idv a Caserta - Napoli - Repubblica.it
- Rissa sui «transfughi». Razzi lascia l' Idv
- Nascono i Responsabili con 2 prestiti Pdl ma governo non ha maggioranza assoluta - Il Messaggero
- Ecco i 21 responsabili pronti a difendere Berlusconi. Così cambiano i giochi nelle commissioni decisive - Il Sole 24 ORE
- Iannaccone: Noi Sud? Comando io, non Scotti Porterò alla maggioranza quattro nuovi deputati
- Nasce il partito per il Sud
- Camera.it - Deputati e Organi Parlamentari - Composizione gruppi Parlamentari
- Lettera del sottosegretario Scotti: Silvio dica sì a un nuovo esecutivo
- Politica - www.cinquerighe.it - "Autonomia Sud", deliberata nuova denominazione per il partito di Iannaccone