Weapon System is a United States military term that designated, along with a weapon system number (e.g., WS-110), military experimental (MX) systems prior to official naming (e.g., under a military aircraft designation system. Preceded by the first Skunk Works program (MX-813 (Convair XF-92) in 1946),:76 the earliest[verification needed] "WS" designation was the 1954 WS-117L.:22 Circa February 1950, an Air Research and Development Command" study prepared by Maj Gen Gordon P. Saville ... recommended that a 'systems approach' to new weapons be adopted [whereby] development of a weapon "system" required development of support equipment as well as the actual hardware itself.":166
US weapon programs often were initiated by numbered government specifications such as an Advanced Development Objective (e.g., ADO-40) or a General Operational Requirement (e.g., GOR.80), although some programs were initially identified by contractor numbers (e.g., CL-282).1
The term also made its way into UK use and by 1959 was causing some confusion as to its origins and meaning.
|Number||Link to Wikipage|
|:67Project 3||TCP for technical intelligence collection systems|
|Program 101, 102 (GOR-170)||Samos (satellite)|
|WS-110L||supersonic reconnaissance aircraft|
|Article 121||Lockheed A-12|
|WS-125A (GOR.81)||XB-70 Valkyrie|
|WS-117L (GOR.80):80-87||Advanced Reconnaissance System (originally Project 1115);:30 recoverable capsule - Pied Piper/Sentry/SAMOS; television transmission - unfeasible:87; Subsystem G: MiDAS|
|WS-119B (USAF 7795):139||Bold Orion ASAT|
|WS-119L||Project Moby Dick (originally Project Genetrix):31-32|
|GOR 148||AGM-28 Hound Dog|
|NA-211||interceptor design similar to fighter-bomber design that would become North American F-107|
|NA-212||North American F-107|
|WS315A||PGM-17 Thor missile|
|WS-324A||General Dynamics F-111|
|CL-400:149||Lockheed CL-400 Suntan|
|Program 437 (ADO-40):120||"nonorbital collision course satellite interceptor" using modified Thor|
|Program 437 X (AP)||Alternate payload (AP) for satellite inspection ("a heritage of SAINT"):125|
|Program 437 Y:128||second development plan for Program 437 (later renamed Program 922)|
|Program 505:118||MUDFLAP ASAT|
|MX-544||US copy of V-1 flying bomb (Republic-Ford JB-2 "Loon")|
|D-558||Douglas Skystreak, Skyraider|
|Air Force System 609A||Blue Scout|
|Air Force System 621B||GPS|
|DSP-647:99||Defense Support Program|
|MX-774||feasibility designs for subsonic and supersonic surface-to-surface missiles (three WSPG launches July–December 1948) leading to SM-65 Atlas|
|Program 893:128||ICBM ASAT|
|MX-904||GAR-1 Falcon missile|
|Program 922:129||rename of Program 437 Y|
|Project MX-1554||F-102 Delta Dagger|
|MX-1589||nuclear-powered Convair B-36|
|MX-1626 (FZP-110)||initial Convair proposal for eventual B-58 Hustler award|
|MX-1712||Boeing Generalized Bomber Study (GEBO II) proposal]] (competitor against winning Convair MX-1712 design for B-58 Hustler)|
|MX-1964||Convair B-58 Hustler (previously MX-1626)|
Notes and references
^1 When a government program number is not available, a contractor number (if available) is used in the table, e.g., Lockheed CL-282 for the U-2.
- (Daso, Dik (Major, USAF). Architects of American Air Supremacy: General Hap Arnold and Dr Theodore von Kármán. Air University Press. pp. 76,166.
- Stares, Paul B. "The Militarization of Space". Retrieved 2008-11-24.
- "Correspondence: Weapon System" (Flighglobal/Archive). Flight. 6 February 1959. Retrieved 2011-09-13.
- Burroughs, William E. (- paperback) . Deep Black. New York: Berkley Publishing Group. ISBN 0-425-10879-1.
- Cooksley, Peter G (1979). Flying Bomb. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. p. 141.
- Preston, Bob (1994). "Plowshares and Power: The Military Use of Civil Space". pp. p250.
- Braun, Wernher von (Estate of); Ordway III, Frederick I & Dooling, David Jr. (1985) . Space Travel: A History. New York: Harper & Row. p. 132. ISBN 0-06-181898-4.