Webb City, Missouri

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Webb City, Missouri
City
Praying Hands statue in Webb City, Missouri
Praying Hands statue in Webb City, Missouri
Nickname(s): City of Flags
Location of Webb City, Missouri
Location of Webb City, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°8′40″N 94°28′9″W / 37.14444°N 94.46917°W / 37.14444; -94.46917Coordinates: 37°8′40″N 94°28′9″W / 37.14444°N 94.46917°W / 37.14444; -94.46917
Country United States
State Missouri
County Jasper
Government
 • Mayor John Biggs
Area[1]
 • Total 8.63 sq mi (22.35 km2)
 • Land 8.63 sq mi (22.35 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,001 ft (305 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 10,996
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 10,841
 • Density 1,274.2/sq mi (492.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64870
Area code(s) 417
FIPS code 29-78118[4]
GNIS feature ID 0728459[5]

Webb City is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. The population was 10,996 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Webb city also has a Police Department a fire department and Animal control services.

History[edit]

Webb City, (Webbville), was platted by John C. Webb in September, 1875[6] and incorporated in December, 1876, with a population of 700. The city was located on a portion of Webb's 200 acre farm, which he entered in February, 1857. There, in 1873, Webb discovered lead while plowing. With the assistance of W.A. Daugherty, he sank the first pump-shaft in 1874. Webb then leased his land to Daugherty and G.P. Ashcraft. In 1876 the Center Creek Mining Company leased the land and began operations. Some 20 years later 700 mines were located within the limits of Webb City and adjacent Carterville and the district ranked first in the production of zinc ore (black jack).

Webb aided the city in its material development. He gave land for a school and the first Methodist Episcopal Church, South. He built the Webb City Bank and the first hotel.

The St. Louis and San Francisco Railroad was built to Webb City in 1879, the Missouri Pacific in 1881. The population increased from 1,588 in 1880 to 9,201 in 1900. After the success of the first Webb City sheet ground mine ("Yellow Dog") in the 1890s, business boomed. The 100 room Newland Hotel was built and co-educational Webb City College was established. The Webb City Mining District was prominently represented at the Chicao Columbia Exposition in 1893, and at the 1898 Omaha International Exhibit. Webb City received for its mineral display the only silver medal awarded. A.H. Rogers built a mule street car line from Webb City to Carterville, 1889, predecessor of the SouthWest Missouri Electric Railway, established 1893, and expanded in the 1900s to a vast inter-urban system with power plant, car barns and an employee club house at Webb City.

During World War I zinc and lead concentrates produced in the Webb City ~ Carterville ~ Prosperity District were valued at more than $18 million. Webb City's population increased to some 15,000.

After the decline of mining in the postwar period, Webb City turned to diversified industrial and agricultural production. In the 1930s and during World War II, explosives were manufactured by powder plants located near Webb City.

On July 18, 2014 Downtown Webb City was added to The National Register of Historic Places

Geography[edit]

Webb City is located at 37°8′40″N 94°28′9″W / 37.14444°N 94.46917°W / 37.14444; -94.46917 (37.144458, -94.469249).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.63 square miles (22.35 km2), all of it land.[1]

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries Webb City was part of the "Tri-State Mining District" at the time the world's largest and most productive lead and zinc mining field. The area remains surrounded by chat piles that are used primarily in road-building.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 1,588
1890 5,043 217.6%
1900 9,201 82.5%
1910 11,817 28.4%
1920 7,807 −33.9%
1930 6,876 −11.9%
1940 7,033 2.3%
1950 6,919 −1.6%
1960 6,740 −2.6%
1970 6,923 2.7%
1980 7,309 5.6%
1990 7,449 1.9%
2000 9,812 31.7%
2010 11,095 13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

.


2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 10,996 people, 4,230 households, and 2,840 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,274.2 inhabitants per square mile (492.0/km2). There were 4,730 housing units at an average density of 548.1 per square mile (211.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.7% White, 1.6% African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.

There were 4,230 households of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.5% were from 25 to 44; 21.7% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 9,812 people, 0,808 households, and 2,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,318.0 people per square mile (509.2/km²). There were 4,108 housing units at an average density of 551.8 per square mile (213.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.53% White, 3.51% African American, 1.32% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from other races, and 4.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.57% of the population.

There were 3,808 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 4, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $21,398 dollars and the median income for a family was $30,9. Males had a median income of $22 versus $18 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,589. About 16.36% of families and 20.147% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Notable natives[edit]

Lisa Myers - Emmy Award-winning Senior Investigative Correspondent for NBC National News in Washington D. C.; regularly appears on NBC Nightly News and The Today Show.

Grant Wistrom - Defensive end for the St. Louis Rams (1998 - 2003) and the Seattle Seahawks (2004 - 2006)

Dr. Perly M. Pence (1907-1984) - Physician, Early Aviator, and Conservationist

W. Alton Jones - Industralist, Philanthropist, President of CITGO (1940 - 1953)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 179. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

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