Max Carl Wilhelm Weber

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Not to be confused with Max Weber.
Max Carl Wilhelm Weber
Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852-1937), by Ferdinand J Hart Nibbrig (1866-1915).jpg
Born (1852-12-05)December 5, 1852
Died February 7, 1937(1937-02-07) (aged 84)
Institutions University of Utrecht, University of Amsterdam, University of Bonn, Humboldt University
Known for Weber's line
Notable awards Foreign Member of the Royal Society[1]
Author abbrev. (zoology) Weber
Spouse Anna Weber-van Bosse
Map showing Weber's line in relation to those of Wallace and Lydekker, as well as the probable extent of land at the time of the last glacial maximum, when the sea level was more than 110 m lower than today

Max Carl Wilhelm Weber or Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (5 December 1852, Bonn – 7 February 1937 Eerbeek) was a German-Dutch zoologist and biogeographer.

Weber studied at the University of Bonn, then at the Humboldt University in Berlin with the zoologist Eduard Carl von Martens (1831-1904). He obtained his doctorate in 1877. Weber taught at the University of Utrecht then participated in an expedition to the Barents Sea. He became Professor of Zoology, Anatomy and Physiology at the University of Amsterdam in 1883. In the same year he received naturalised Dutch citizenship.

His discoveries as leader of the Siboga Expedition led him to propose Weber's line, which encloses the region in which the mammalian fauna is exclusively Australasian, as an alternative to Wallace's Line. As is the case with plant species, faunal surveys revealed that for vertebrate groups, except for birds, Wallace’s line was not the most significant biogeographic boundary. The Tanimbar Island group, and not the boundary between Bali and Lombok, appears to be the major interface between the Oriental and Australasian regions for mammals, and other terrestrial vertebrate groups. Thus, for many invertebrates, and birds and butterflies, this interface is better represented by Weber’s line than Wallace’s line.[2]

With G.A.F. Molengraaff, Weber gave names to the Sahul Shelf and the Sunda Shelf in 1919.[3]

Publications[edit]

  • Weber, M. [W. C.] (ed.), 1890-1907. Zoologische Ergebnisse einer Reise in Niederländisch Ost-Indien, 1 (1890-1891): [i-v], i-xi, maps I-III, 1-460, pls. I-XXV; 2 (1892): [i-v], 1-571, pls. I-XXX; 3 (1894): [i-v], 1-476, pls. I-XXII; 4 (1897-1907): [i-v], 1-453, pls. I-XVI (E. J. Brill, Leiden) OCLC 60765525.
  • Weber, M. [W. C.], 1902. Introduction et description de l'expedition", I. Siboga-expeditie OCLC 647132542.
  • Weber, M. [W. C.], 1904b. Enkele resultaten der Siboga-expeditie. Versl. gewone Vergad. wis- en natuurk. Afd. K. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam, 12 (2): 910-914.
  • Weber, M. [W. C.] & L. F. de Beaufort, 1911-1962. The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago, I (1911). Index of the ichthyological papers of P. Bleeker: i-xi, 1-410, 1 portrait; II. (1913). Malacopterygii, Myctophoidea, Ostariophysi: I Siluroidea: i-xx, 1-404, 1 portrait; III. (1916) Ostariophysi: II Cyprinoidea, Apodes, Synbranchii]: i-xv, 1-455; IV. (1922) Heteromi, Solenichthyes, Synentognathi, Percesoces, Labyrinthici, Microcyprini]: i-xiii, 1-410 OCLC 646844856

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, D. W. (1938). "Max Wilhelm Carl Weber. 1852-1937". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society 2 (6): 346–326. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1938.0017.  edit
  2. ^ http://www.irgltd.com/Resources/Publications/ANE/2004-02%20Indonesia%20Biodiversity%20and%20Tropical%20Forest.pdf page 3-82
  3. ^ Ballard, Chris (1993). "Stimulating minds to fantasy? A critical etymology for Sahul". Sahul in review: pleistocene archaeology in Australia, New Guinea and island Melanesia. Canberra: Australian National University. p. 17. ISBN 0-7315-1540-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Querner, H., 1976. Weber, Max Wilhelm Carl. In : C. C. Gillispie (ed.), Dictionary of scientific biography, 14 : 203 (Charles Scribner's Sons, New York).
  • Pieters, Florence F. J. M. et Jaap de Visser, 1993. The scientific career of the zoologist Max Wilhelm Carl Weber (1852-1937). Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde, 62 (4): 193-214.
  • Biography
  • works by Max Carl Wilhelm Weber at Internet Archive