Websites blocked in Belgium

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The precise number of websites blocked in Belgium is unknown. Blocking may vary from one Internet Service Provider (ISP) to another with some sites blocked by some ISPs and not by others.

Site blocks in Belgium are at this moment only based on DNS Hijacking and can be trivially circumvented using third party DNS public servers, Tor, the Pirate Browser version of Tor, VPNs, site specific and general web proxies, and other circumvention techniques.

Verification[edit]

Stoppage.jpg

There is no official complete register of blocked sites. Blocked content includes:

  • Court orders (mainly for copyright issues)
  • Unilateral blocking (some websites have been reported as being blocked without any known court order on the sole initiative of certain ISPs)
  • Gambling regulations (Belgian gambling laws requires a Gambling business to have a local physical gambling point and proper license in order to provide online gambling)[1]

The only reported technique used by Belgian ISPs to block such websites is DNS Hijacking where requests toward the blocked websites would be redirected to a government owned web page: the "StopPage".[2 1][2]

Court-ordered blocked websites[edit]

These are the sites explicitly listed and blocked by court cases in Belgium.

Site name

Domain or URL

Type of site

Reason

ISPs in Court Case

Blocked By[3]

Start date

Resolution date

The Pirate Bay
  • thepiratebay.se
  • thepiratebay.org
  • thepiratebay.net
  • thepiratebay.com
  • thepiratebay.nu
  • piratebay.org
  • piratebay.net
  • piratebay.se
  • piratebay.no
  • jimkeyser.se
  • ripthepiratebay.com
Torrent Indexer Copyright[4] November 2011[4][5][6][7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b It is important to note that despite the fact that only two ISPs were actually concerned in this court order, many other ISPs have implemented the same blocking without any specific court order. It is not fully known which ISPs decided to enforce this ruling or not.

Unilaterally blocked websites[edit]

These are the sites blocked by some ISPs in Belgium without any known related court-order. It is believed that these blockings are the result of pressure by the Belgian Anti-piracy Federation[2 2] who threatened ISPs of heavy legal fees should they not comply with their request.[8][9][10][11] The list of ISPs below is probably incomplete as each ISP can decide individually on the matter.

Case name

Domain or URL

Type of site

Reason

Blocked by[3]

Start date

Resolution date

The Pirate Bay
  • thepiratebay.se
  • depiraatbaai.be
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Numericable
  • Telenet
December 2011[12]
IsoHunt
  • isohunt.com
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Numericable
  • Telenet
unknown[citation needed] Site moved to new domain in

October 2013[13]

KickAssTorrents
  • kat.ph
  • kickass.to
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Numericable
  • Telenet
August 2013[14]
Bitsnoop
  • bitsnoop.com
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Telenet
August 2013[14]
ExtraTorrent
  • extratorrent.cc
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Telenet
August 2013[14]
h33t
  • h33t.com
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Numericable
  • Telenet
August 2013[14] Site moved to new domain in

December 2013[15]

monova
  • monova.org
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Telenet
unknown[citation needed]
TorrentReactor
  • torrentreactor.net
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Numericable
  • Telenet
unknown[citation needed]
TorrentHound
  • torrenthound.com
Torrent Indexer Copyright
  • Belgacom
  • Mobistar
  • Telenet
unknown[citation needed]

Gambling regulations blocked websites[edit]

The list of blocked gambling websites is the only official publicly available and maintained blocklist in Belgium. The list is available on the official Belgian Gaming Commission website.[16][2 3]

Links[edit]

  1. ^ Official Belgian Government Stop Page http://193.191.245.56/
  2. ^ Belgian Anti-Piracy Federation (BAF) website : http://www.anti-piracy.be
  3. ^ Belgian Gaming Commission Official Website : http://www.gamingcommission.be

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Official Law Text, 10 January 2010 : http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi_loi/change_lg.pl?language=fr&la=F&table_name=loi&cn=2010011012
  2. ^ Future of Copyright, Article "Belgian Court of Appeal prefers DNS blocking over IP blocking" , 30 November 2011 : http://www.futureofcopyright.com/home/blog-post/2011/11/30/belgian-court-of-appeal-prefers-dns-blocking-over-ip-blocking.html
  3. ^ a b Source : DNS Lookups on ISP DNS Servers
  4. ^ a b (Dutch) Official Court Report, 04 October 2011 : http://nurpa.be/files/20111004_BAF-Belgacom-Telenet-DNS-blocking.pdf
  5. ^ Slashdot, Article, "Belgian ISP ordered to block The Pirate Bay", 04 October 2011 : http://yro.slashdot.org/story/11/10/04/1855211/belgian-isp-ordered-to-block-the-pirate-bay-telecomix-and-tpb-offer-workarounds
  6. ^ Techworld, Article "Pirate Bay encourages filesharers to dodge Belgium block", 06 October 2011 : http://news.techworld.com/networking/3309047/pirate-bay-encourages-filesharers-to-dodge-belgium-block/
  7. ^ EFF, Article "Belgian ISPs vs Internet Freedom", 07 December 2011 : https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2011/12/belgian-isps-vs-internet-freedom
  8. ^ (French) BAF Letter to ISPs, 17 November 2011 : http://nurpa.be/files/20111117_BAF-letter-to-ISP_FR.pdf
  9. ^ (Dutch) BAF Letter to Belgian ISPs, 17 November 2011 : http://nurpa.be/files/20111117_BAF-letter-to-ISP_NL.pdf
  10. ^ (French) NURPA article "La BAF fait chanter les fournisseurs d'accès pour étendre la censure internet", 5 December 2011 http://nurpa.be/actualites/2011/12/BAF-chantage-censure-Internet#ref-1
  11. ^ (French) Numerama Article "Les FAI belges invités à bloquer The Pirate Bay pour éviter les frais de justice", 6 December 2011 : http://www.numerama.com/magazine/20819-les-fai-belges-invites-a-bloquer-the-pirate-bay-pour-eviter-des-frais-de-justice.html
  12. ^ (French) NURPA article, "Les Fournisseurs d'accès internet étendent la censure, sans base légale" , 19 December 2011 : http://nurpa.be/actualites/2011/12/FAI-etendent-censure-sans-base-legale
  13. ^ Guardian Article, "Isohunt Bittorrent search engine back online", 30 October 2013 : http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/30/isohunt-bittorrent-clone-back-online
  14. ^ a b c d TorrentFreatk Article "Belgian ISPs quietly expand torrent site blockade", 28 August 2013 : http://torrentfreak.com/belgian-isps-quietly-expand-torrent-site-blockade-130828/
  15. ^ TorrentFreak Article, "h33t online after several months downtime", 10 December 2013 : https://torrentfreak.com/h33t-back-online-after-several-months-downtime-131210/
  16. ^ Official Belgian Gaming Commission (french/dutch): http://www.gamingcommission.be/opencms/opencms/jhksweb_fr/establishments/Online/blacklist/