Webster Groves, Missouri

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Webster Groves, Missouri
City
Location of Webster Groves, Missouri
Location of Webster Groves, Missouri
Coordinates: 38°35′16″N 90°21′16″W / 38.58778°N 90.35444°W / 38.58778; -90.35444Coordinates: 38°35′16″N 90°21′16″W / 38.58778°N 90.35444°W / 38.58778; -90.35444
Country United States
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Area[1]
 • Total 5.90 sq mi (15.28 km2)
 • Land 5.90 sq mi (15.28 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 558 ft (170 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 22,995
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 23,055
 • Density 3,897.5/sq mi (1,504.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
FIPS code 29-78154[4]
GNIS feature ID 0756880[5]

Webster Groves is a city in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States, and an inner-ring suburb of St. Louis. The population was 22,995 at the 2010 census.[6] The city is named after New England politician Daniel Webster.

Webster Groves is one of the more affluent communities in Missouri, ranking 41st in per-capita income. In 2008, Webster Groves ranked ninth in Family Circle Magazine's list of the "Ten Best Cities for Families" in America.[7]

The city is home to the main campus of Webster University.

Geography[edit]

Webster Groves is located at 38°35′16″N 90°21′16″W / 38.58778°N 90.35444°W / 38.58778; -90.35444 (38.587702, -90.354366)[8].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.90 square miles (15.28 km2), all of it land.[1]

Webster Groves is bounded on the east by Shrewsbury; on the north by Maplewood, Brentwood and Rock Hill; on the west by Glendale, Oakland, and Crestwood; and on the south by Affton and Marlborough.

History[edit]

Webster Groves is approximately 2 miles (3 km) west of the St. Louis city limits, and 10 miles (16 km) southwest of downtown St. Louis, in an area known to fur trappers and Missouri, Osage and Dakota Indians, until 1802, as the "Dry Ridge."[citation needed] In the early 19th century, this region, once a part of the Louisiana Territory, was changing from Spanish to French ownership, and a system of land grants was inaugurated to promote immigration. During the early period of Spanish rule, officials gave land to settlers as a check against the English.[citation needed]

As part of this program, in 1802 Gregorie Sarpy was granted 6,002 acres (2,429 ha) by Charles de Hault Delassus, the last Spanish lieutenant governor of the Illinois Country. The land grant covered the major area now known as Webster Groves.

Webster Groves' location on the Pacific Railroad line led to its development as a suburb. In the late 19th century, overcrowding, congestion, and unhealthy conditions in St. Louis prompted urban residents to leave the city for quieter, safer surroundings.[citation needed] In 1892 the developers of Webster Park, an early housing subdivision, promoted the new community as the "Queen of the Suburbs," offering residents superb housing options in a country-like atmosphere, as well as a swift commute to downtown St. Louis jobs.[9] The first public school in the community was Douglass Elementary School, founded as a separate but equal school for African-American children in the post-Civil War black community in North Webster. In the 1920s, the school grew into Douglass High School, the only high school in St. Louis County for black students. The school operated until 1956, when the U.S. Supreme Court required desegregation.

As a suburban municipality, Webster Groves has its origins as five separate communities along adjacent railroad lines. Webster, Old Orchard, Webster Park, Tuxedo Park, and Selma merged in 1896 to implement public services and develop a unified city government.[9] Since then, Webster Groves' tree-lined streets and abundance of single family homes have continued to attract people to the area as a "great place to live, work and play," not solely for the wealthy commuter suburb that early developers envisioned but for families that cut across all socioeconomic lines. The geographic and economic diversity of Webster Groves is evident in its variety of neighborhoods.

In the 1960s, Webster Groves was featured in 16 In Webster Groves, a televised documentary that writer Jonathan Franzen, a native of Webster Groves, described in his memoir The Discomfort Zone as an "early experiment in hour-long prime-time sociology". According to Franzen, it depicted Webster Groves High School, which he attended only a few years after the documentary's broadcast, as being "ruled by a tiny elite of 'soshies' who made life gray and marginal for the great majority of students who weren’t 'football captains,' 'cheerleaders' or 'dance queens'"; the school was depicted as having a "student body obsessed with grades, cars and money." Franzen thought "the Webster Groves depicted in it bears minimal resemblance to the friendly, unpretentious town I knew when I was growing up."[10]

Webster Groves was the setting for the 1974-5 NBC television series Lucas Tanner.

In the wake of the 1999 Columbine High School massacre, Webster Groves High School was again profiled, this time in Time, which described Webster Groves as a "pretty town of old elms and deep porches" and a "mix of $90,000 cottages and $750,000 homes, young marrieds and old-line families and transient middle managers assigned to a stint in the St. Louis office who are looking for a comfortable place to settle and keep their kids on the track toward prosperity."[11]

The Webster Groves High School Statesmen maintain one of the oldest high school football rivalries west of the Mississippi River with the Pioneers of Kirkwood High School. The two teams typically play each other in the Missouri Turkey Day Game each Thanksgiving, if their playoff schedules permit it; they also have faced each other in the state playoff tournaments several times in recent years.

Government[edit]

Webster Groves City Hall

As of 2013, Gerry Welch is the mayor of Webster Groves. The Webster Groves City Council consists of council members Debi Salberg, Kathy Hart, Greg Mueller, Ken Burns, Toni Hunt, and Anne Tolan.[12]

The City Council works with 19 boards and commissions (16 active, 3 inactive). Citizens and businesspeople in the area volunteer for these boards and commissions to advise the City Council on community issues. A full list of these boards and commissions with links to pages describing the purpose and application procedures can be found on the official website of Webster Groves.[13]

The Municipal Court is conducted on the 2nd Wednesday of the month at 5:30 pm and the 4th Wednesday of the month at 6:00 pm in the City Council Chambers at the City Hall. The Prosecuting Attorney is Deborah LeMoine and the Municipal Judge is James Whitney.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1890 1,783 —    
1900 1,895 +6.3%
1910 7,080 +273.6%
1920 9,474 +33.8%
1930 14,487 +52.9%
1940 18,394 +27.0%
1950 23,390 +27.2%
1960 28,812 +23.2%
1970 27,001 −6.3%
1980 23,097 −14.5%
1990 22,987 −0.5%
2000 23,230 +1.1%
2010 22,995 −1.0%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 22,995 people, 9,156 households, and 6,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,897.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,504.8 /km2). There were 9,756 housing units at an average density of 1,653.6 per square mile (638.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.9% White, 6.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 9,156 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 29.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.1% male and 52.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 23,230 people, 9,498 households, and 6,145 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,937.5 people per square mile (1,520.2/km²). There were 9,903 housing units at an average density of 1,678.6 per square mile (648.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.87% White, 6.38% African American, 1.21% Asian, 0.17% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

There were 9,498 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household was $60,524, and the median income for a family was $73,998. Males had a median income of $57,801 versus $38,506 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,327. 4.8% of the population and 2.0% of families were below the poverty line. 5.0% of those under the age of 18 and 3.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

The Webster Groves School District serves the city. Webster Groves High School is in the city.

Webster University is in the city.[15]

Holy Redeemer, located on Lockwood, has had a Catholic elementary school since 1898.

Annunciation Parish, faced with dwindling enrollment, partnered with 3 other Catholic elementary schools to form Holy Cross Academy. Annunciation now hosts the 6-8th graders for Holy Cross.

Mary Queen of Peace, also on Lockwood, serves Catholics of Webster Groves and adjoining Glendale. The parish was founded in 1922; the Sisters of Loretto formed the first kindergarten class in 1944.

Nerinx Hall, and all-girls Catholic high school, was founded by the Sisters of Loretto in 1924. It adjoins the campus of Webster University, which the sisters founded in 1915. The University is now run by a lay board, while Nerinx remains Catholic.

The St. Louis Japanese School, a weekend supplementary Japanese school, holds its classes at the Sverdrup Business/Technology Complex at Webster University.[16]

Landmarks and historic places[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Notable people who have lived in Webster Groves include:

(Dates in parentheses indicate lifespan, not years of residence.)

References[edit]

Specific references:

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Webster Groves city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved October 25, 2011. 
  7. ^ Webster Groves In Top 10 For "Best Town For Families", a July 18, 2008 article from Webster-Kirkwood Times
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ a b Start, Clarissa (1975). Webster Groves. Webster Groves, MO: Council of the City of Webster Groves. p. 1. 
  10. ^ Sam Tanenhaus (August 17, 2010). "Franzen in Webster Groves". Paper Cuts (blog). The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18. 
  11. ^ Nancy Gibbs (October 25, 1999). "A Week in the Life of a High School". Time: 67–103. Retrieved 2010-11-18. 
  12. ^ "the City of Webster Groves Official Website! - Mayor and City Council". Retrieved 2008-06-24. 
  13. ^ "Webster Groves, MO - Official Website - Boards and Commissions". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  14. ^ "Webster Groves, MO - Official Website - Municipal Court". Retrieved 2012-04-19. 
  15. ^ "Street Map" (Archive). City of Webster Groves. Retrieved on May 14, 2014.
  16. ^ "English" (Archive). St. Louis Japanese School'. Retrieved on May 13, 2014. "Location: Sverdrup Business/Technology Complex at Webster University 8300 Big Bend Blvd St. Louis MO 63119"
  17. ^ "Survivor: Pearl Islands: Tijuana". CBS. 2004. Retrieved October 25, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Peck's St. Louis: Eldred Gregory Peck returns to St. Louis, where he spent six months of his boyhood". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Archived by Goliath (The Gale Group). November 3, 1996. Retrieved 2009-06-23. 

General references:

Further reading[edit]

  • Marilynne Bradley. Arpens and Acres: A Brief History of Webster Groves, Missouri. Bradley, [1975].
  • Marilynne Bradley. City of Century Homes: A Centennial History of Webster Groves, Missouri. Webster Groves Historic Preservation Commission, 1996.
  • Mary Jo Mahley and Toni McCoy. The Rock Beneath, 100 Years Ago in Webster Groves. Century Registry, 1996.
  • Ann Morris and Henrietta Ambrose. North Webster: A Photographic History of a Black Community (with photographic restorations by John Nagel). Indiana University Press, c1993.
  • Clarissa Start. Webster Groves. City of Webster Groves, c1975.
  • Wilda H. Swift and Cynthia S. Easterling. Webster Park: 1892-1992. Easterling, 2003 (1992).
  • Ariadne Thompson. The Octagonal Heart. Bobbs-Merrill, 1956; and Webster Groves Bookshop, 1976.

External links[edit]