Wedding of Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, and Daniel Westling

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Wedding procession of the royal couple in an open carriage through Stockholm, June 19, 2010

The wedding of Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland, and Daniel Westling took place on 19 June 2010 in Stockholm Cathedral.[1] It has been described as "Europe's biggest royal wedding since the Prince of Wales married Lady Diana Spencer in 1981."[2] Westling thereby acquired Victoria's princely and ducal title, becoming a Swedish prince and Duke of Västergötland.[3] In time for the wedding, a joint monogram of their initials was created.[4]

Background[edit]

Victoria is the eldest child of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia. As the firstborn of the family, she was designated heir apparent in 1979, (SFS 1979:932) ahead of her younger brother. Westling was Victoria's personal trainer at Master Training. In July 2002, Victoria and Westling were pictured kissing for the first time[5] at a birthday party for Caroline Kreuger, a close friend of Victoria's. Westling and Victoria's engagement was announced on 24 February 2009. The wedding was set to take place in Stockholm Cathedral on 19 June 2010, the 34th anniversary of her parents' marriage [3] and a traditional wedding date of the Swedish Royal Family (several past House of Bernadotte family members had married on that date).[6] The chosen year 2010 also marks the 200th year since Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, from whom the Royal House of Sweden descends, became heir presumptive to the Swedish throne.[7]

Preparations and finances[edit]

On 17 September 2009, the cathedral parish of Stockholm announced that there would be a restoration of Stockholm Cathedral during the period January–April 2010, and costing 12.4 million Swedish kronor.[8] The wedding itself cost about 20 million kronor which was paid half by the Swedish Royal Family and half by the Swedish government from tax money.[9] This was criticized by some Swedish citizens.[10]

Celebrations[edit]

"Love Stockholm 2010" sign from Skeppsbron

On 24 November 2009 it was decided that the days between the Swedish national day on June 6 and the wedding date on 19 June would be Love Stockholm 2010 days.[11] With festivities for residents and visitors such as music, art, culture, food, design, and history, the city of Stockholm had hoped for sponsor deals to pay for the arrangements.[12]

Crown Princess Victoria and Daniel Westling arriving to the Riksdag's Gala Performance at the Concert Hall on 18 June

On 18 June, the Parliament of Sweden honoured the couple with a gala performance at Stockholm Concert Hall. Performers at the gala included Malena Ernman, Helen Sjöholm, and Peter Jöback. The famous Swedish band Roxette was reunited on stage, and they performed their hit song "The Look".[13]

Wedding service[edit]

The wedding service began at 15:30 local time in Stockholm Cathedral, with around 1,100 guests present.[10] The music in the ceremony was headed by Gustaf Sjökvist, court organist and organist for the Cathedral Parish of Stockholm. He was also in charge of the music during the wedding of Victoria's parents in 1976.[14]

The service was conducted by Anders Wejryd, Archbishop of Uppsala. He was assisted by Lars-Göran Lönnermark, Royal Court Chief Chaplain, and Dr Antje Jackelén, Bishop of Lund. The Great Marriage Litany was sung by Åke Bonnier, Dean of the Cathedral and Royal Court Chaplain.[15]

Victoria's dress was by Swedish designer Pär Engsheden. The duchess satin white dress was with a five meter long train.[16] She wore the Swedish cameo tiara, the same diadem that her mother, Queen Silvia, and her paternal aunts wore when they married.[17]

The first piece of music that was played was written by Karin Rehnqvist especially for the couple as a gift from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music.

Victoria walked down the aisle with her father, who then handed her over to Daniel. The wedding couple then stood in front of the archbishop, who told them about the importance of supporting each other in a marriage. After Victoria and Daniel were pronounced husband and wife, Swedish singers Agnes Carlsson and Björn Skifs finished the ceremony with the song "When You Tell The World You're Mine", written for the couple.[18] Victoria and Daniel walked under crossed swords after stepping out of the cathedral.[19]

Debate about handing over the bride[edit]

The couple wanted the king to lead the crown princess to the altar and there hand her over to the groom. This created a public debate in Sweden, as that would have been contrary to the established customs of the Church of Sweden, where bride and groom walk up to the altar together. Critics among the clergy held that the symbolism in handing over the bride from father to groom reflects reactionary societal norms, as if an unmarried woman is the property of her father and is about to turn into the proprietary ownership of the groom.[20][21] The Royal Court defended the handing over with the statement that, "the king conveys the heir to the throne and hands her over to a man who has been accepted".[20] In the end a compromise was reached, with the king handing over the crown princess to her groom before they reached the altar.

Carriage procession[edit]

A carriage procession followed the ceremony, in which the wedding couple was transported through the streets of Stockholm. On their way they passed by twenty musical bands, nineteen of which were military. Victoria and Daniel then proceeded in a royal barge over Stockholm's waters; the same barge that was used by Victoria's parents, King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia, during their wedding in 1976.[22] 500,000 people are estimated to have gathered to watch the procession,[10] which was nearly seven kilometers long.[22] 18 fighter jets flew across the sky as the barge approached its landing place at the royal palace, where the wedding banquet was later held.[19]

The wedding of Victoria and Daniel was the biggest event that has ever been covered on television in Stockholm, according to Sveriges Television.[14]

Guest list[edit]

Notable guests include:[23][24]

The Bride's family[edit]

The Groom's family[edit]

Reigning royalty[edit]

Belgium:

Denmark:

Japan:

Jordan:

Liechtenstein:

Luxembourg:

Monaco:

The Netherlands:

Norway:

Spain:

The United Kingdom:

Republican heads of state[edit]

Non-reigning royalty[edit]

Bavaria:

Bulgaria:

Greece:

Romania:

Saxe-Coburg and Gotha:

Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg:

Yugoslavia:

Gallery[edit]

Detailed map of the wedding procession through Stockholm. 1: Storkyrkan, 2: Helgeandsholmen, 3: Kungsträdgården, 4: Sergels torg, 5: Stockholm Concert Hall, 6: Birger Jarlsgatan, 7: Strandvägen, 8: Djurgårdsbron, 9: Vasa Museum, 10: Kastellholmen.
The procession carriage passing through a large crowd of people on Slottsbacken
The newlywed royal couple being rowed by the barge Vasaorden through the waters of Stockholm to take the salute of the Royal Swedish Navy
JAS 39 Gripen planes flying over Stockholm
King Carl XVI Gustav leading on the hurrays for the newlywed couple from the Lejonbacken terrace of the Royal Palace

Wedding banquet[edit]

The wedding banquet was held on the night of the wedding day in the Hall of State at the Royal Palace of Stockholm, Sweden's finest ceremonial hall. The Hall of State was renovated for the occasion. 98 guests of the nearly 600 invited guests were accommodated in the main table. Pink and white flowers were strewn over the table decorations, which included silver candelabra and silver bowls.[27] On the seats of honour were sitting the wedding couple; their parents King Carl Gustaf and Queen Silvia and Mr and Mrs Westling; Victoria's godparents Ralf de Toledo Sommerlath, Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld, the Queen of the Netherlands and the King of Norway as well as Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg, the King's uncle; Princess Margaretha, Mrs. Ambler, the King's eldest sister; the Queen of Denmark, the King of the Belgians; Tarja Halonen, the President of Finland; and Anders Wejryd, the Archbishop of Uppsala.

Titles for Daniel Westling[edit]

Daniel Westling and Victoria along with the royal family in April 2010

Sweden has only practiced absolute cognatic primogeniture since 1980 (SFS 1979:932).[28] This means that Victoria is the first heiress apparent to marry.[29] Westling became the first man of the people to obtain a new title or rank as the spouse of a Swedish princess since the Middle Ages.[30] All previous princes have been born to royal parents of Swedish origin or have been foreign dukes that have married Swedish princesses.[31] As a result, questions arose as to how Westling would be known after the wedding.

The Swedish Royal Court first announced on 20 February 2009 that upon his marriage to Princess Victoria, who is Duchess of Västergötland (Westrogothia), Westling would receive the titles of "Prince Daniel" and "Duke of Västergötland".[3] It was further announced in May 2010, by the Swedish Royal Court, that Westling will be granted the style His Royal Highness upon his marriage to Crown Princess Victoria. He will thus be known as Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland.[32][33] The last part of his name corresponds in form to the style used by other Swedish princes, including Victoria's younger brother Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland, i.e. Prince + Given name + Duke of Somewhere. The novelty here is that Westling would be using his wife's ducal title, something new for men in Sweden.[34]

Sweden discontinued in the 17th century the grant of provinces as territorial appanages to royal princes which, as dukes thereof, they had governed semi-autonomously. Since then, these provincial dukedoms exist in the royal family only nominally, but each prince or princess traditionally maintains a special public connection to one.[31] The sons of Swedish kings have held the princely title as a rank of nobility (e.g. Fredrik Vilhelm, Furste av Hessenstein), as a courtesy title for an ex-dynast (e.g. Prins Oscar Bernadotte) and, most often, as a royal dynast (e.g. Prince Bertil of Sweden, Duke of Halland).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Vigsel mellan Kronprinsessan Victoria och herr Daniel Westling" (Press release) (in Swedish). Royal Court of Sweden. 23 March 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  2. ^ Squires, Nick (16 June 2010). "Country boy marrying a Swedish princess has aristocratic blood: Genealogist". The Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Engagement between Crown Princess Victoria and Daniel Westling" (Press release). Royal Court of Sweden. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "The Crown Princess Couple's monogram". Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Nyhlén, Daniel (12 July 2002). "Första bilden på kärleksparet". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 18 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "19 June: a traditional Bernadotte wedding date". Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Victorias bröllop står den 19 juni 2010". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 23 March 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Storkyrkan kan rengöras" (Press release) (in Swedish). Stockholms domkyrkoförsamling. 17 September 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  9. ^ "Kungen betalar halva bröllopsnotan". Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). 16 May 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c "Sweden's Princess Victoria Marries Daniel Westling". Business Week. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Love Stockholm 2010" (in Swedish). Stockholm Municipality. 24 November 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Bröllopsfest för miljoner". Dagens Nyheter (in Swedish). 24 November 2009. Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Roxette reunite for royal performance". The Local. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  14. ^ a b "Bröllopsdagen – Sveriges Kungahus". Royalcourt.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  15. ^ "Officianter utnämnda till vigseln mellan Kronprinsessan Victoria och herr Daniel Westling" (Press release) (in Swedish). Royal Court of Sweden. 22 August 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "'Iconic royal wedding gowns". Harpers Bazaar. 
  17. ^ Order of Splendor: the Cameo Tiara http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.co.uk/2012/03/tiara-thursday-cameo-tiara.html
  18. ^ "KYSSEN | Bröllopet | Aftonbladet". Aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  19. ^ a b the CNN Wire Staff. "A wedding fit for a princess – CNN.com". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  20. ^ a b Malin Lernfelt (19 May 2010). "Brudöverlämning är dumheter" (in Swedish). Göteborgsposten. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  21. ^ Annika Borg (22 April 2010). "Victoria måste tänka om när det gäller bröllopet" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  22. ^ a b "Crowds gather along procession route". The Local. 19 June 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  23. ^ a b "Prince Edward and Sophie to represent royal family at Victoria and Daniel's wedding". Hello Magazine. 
  24. ^ Guests at the wedding ceremony - Official website Swedish Royal Court
  25. ^ a b c "Ten young bridesmaids and page boys at the wedding at Stockholm Cathedral" (Press release). Royal Court of Sweden. 16 June 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 
  26. ^ a b c d e Titularly only; the monarchy in their country is defunct.
  27. ^ "The Wedding Banquet – Sveriges Kungahus". Royalcourt.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  28. ^ Geoffrey Hindley (2000). The royal families of Europe. Constable. p. 162. 
  29. ^ "Historiskt när Daniel säger ja | Herman Lindqvist | Kolumnister | Nyheter | Aftonbladet". Aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  30. ^ "Var Silvia en kvinna av folket? « Hermans Hörna". Detkungligabrollopet.nu. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  31. ^ a b "Herman Lindqvist: Kronprinsessan Victoria och Daniel Westlings förlovning historisk | Victoria gifter sig | Nyheter | Aftonbladet". Aftonbladet.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  32. ^ "Herr Daniel Westling blir Prins av Sverige – Sveriges Kungahus". Kungahuset.se. 2010-05-30. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  33. ^ "Daniel Westling blir kunglig höghet | Inrikes | SvD" (in Swedish). Svd.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 
  34. ^ Thomas Eriksson. "Hertig av hustruns hertiginnedöme – Victoria & Daniel" (in Swedish). www.gp.se. Retrieved 2010-06-19. 

External links[edit]