Wee Kim Wee
|Wee Kim Wee
|4th President of Singapore|
2 September 1985 – 1 September 1993
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew (1959-1990)
Goh Chok Tong (1990-2004)
|Preceded by||Devan Nair|
|Succeeded by||Ong Teng Cheong|
|Born||Wee Kim Wee
November 4, 1915
|Died||2 May 2005
|Resting place||Mandai Columbarium|
|Spouse(s)||Koh Sok Hiong|
|Alma mater||Outram School|
|Occupation||Journalist, diplomat, politician|
Wee Kim Wee (simplified Chinese: 黄金辉; traditional Chinese: 黃金輝; pinyin: Huáng Jīnhuī; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ûiⁿ Kim-hui; 4 November 1915 – 2 May 2005), GCB, was the fourth President of Singapore. He served from 2 September 1985 to 1 September 1993.
Born in a Peranakan family, Wee was the son of a clerk, Wee Choong Lay, and his wife Chua Lay Hua. He was fluent in Malay but did not speak Mandarin. His father died when he was eight. Wee studied at Raffles Institution, and he started out as a clerk working for the newspaper The Straits Times, before becoming a reporter focusing on political issues. He eventually became one of the paper's main reporters. In 1941 he joined the United Press Associations, and was its chief correspondent in the 1950s. He returned to The Straits Times in 1959, and was appointed deputy editor in Singapore. In 1966, he interviewed the former Indonesian president Suharto, reporting the latter's intention to end the three-year confrontation with Malaysia (see Konfrontasi). He broke the news with a front-page headline using Suharto's own words: "Suharto: 'Peace: The sooner the better'".
Wee was editorial manager when he retired in 1973 to become the High Commissioner to Malaysia, a position he held for seven years. He was appointed ambassador to Japan in September 1980, and to South Korea in February 1981. At the end of his diplomatic career in 1984, he was appointed chairman of the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – the predecessor of the current MediaCorp Studios – and became president a year later.
Up until Wee's second term as President, the selection of the presidential candidate was determined solely by the Parliament of Singapore. During Wee's second term, the Singapore Parliament amended the constitution in January 1991 to allow for the direct election of the President, who would have the right of veto over civil service appointments and the use of government reserves.
The creation of an elected presidency was a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history as under the revision, the President is empowered to veto government budgets and appointments to public office. He can examine the government's exercise of its powers under the Internal Security Act and religious harmony laws and investigate cases of corruption.
For the ensuing initial presidential election, the first in Singapore to be decided by popular poll, Wee decided not to enter his candidacy and went into retirement upon the completion of his second and final term as President.
In 2004, Wee published his autobiography, Glimpses and Reflections. From the royalties and other donations, half a million Singapore dollars were donated to eight charities.
Wee died of prostate cancer in his home at Siglap on 2 May 2005 at 5:10am SST at the age of 89. Before his death, he had asked to be cremated and for the ashes to be placed at Mandai Columbarium with those of ordinary citizens instead of Kranji War Cemetery, where late dignitaries are usually buried. His state funeral saw a large crowd who attended to pay their last respects at the Istana.
Wee was survived by his wife of 69 years, Koh Sok Hiong, their son Bill Wee Hock Kee, six daughters, 13 grandchildren, and 14 great-grandchildren.
- Wee Kim Wee (2004), Glimpses and Reflections. Landmark Books, Singapore. ISBN 981-3065-87-7
- On The Record: The Journalistic Legacy of President Wee Kim Wee. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. ISBN 978-981-05-6707-1 and ISBN 981-05-6707-3
- Wee Eng Hwa (2010), "Cooking For The President" - a cookbook of Peranakan recipes from Wee's wife, recorded by his daughter Wee Eng Hwa. The cookbook includes much details of Wee's personal life with photographs.
- Speech by Wee Eng Hwa at the launch of Wee Kim Wee School Of Communication And Information, 5 December 2006 at The Istana, Singapore.
- Former President Wee Kim Wee dies at the age of 89, Channel News Asia, 2 May 2005.
|President of Singapore
Ong Teng Cheong