Wehrle's salamander

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Wehrle's salamander
Plethodon wehrlei.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Plethodon
Species: P. wehrlei
Binomial name
Plethodon wehrlei
Fowler & Dunn, 1917

Wehrle's salamander (Plethodon wehrlei) is a large salamander with webbed hind feet. It is named in honor of R.W. Wehrle. The species was the first described from one of his many collections.

Description[edit]

It is bluish-black with big, scattered white spots on its back. Its sides are covered with white to yellow spots and blotches. Its belly and the ventral surface of the tail are solid gray, and the throat and upper chest usually have white or yellowish blotches.[1] The species grows to a length of 10–17 cm (4-6⅝ inches).

Reproduction[edit]

Mating occurs from fall through spring. A large cluster of eggs is laid in early summer in damp logs, soils or moss, and in crevices in caves. Reproduction is biennial or irregular, with many mature females failing to breed each year.

Behavior and Habitat[edit]

This species stays under cover during the day, and comes out to forage at night. This species is found on forested hillsides in the Appalachian Plateau, where it hides by day beneath stones or rocks. It is also found at the entrances of caves and deep rock crevices, as well as burrows under rocks and logs.

Geographic range[edit]

Wehrle’s salamander ranges from New York south to North Carolina and Tennessee. It is possibly extirpated in Ohio.[2]

Notes[edit]

  • Fowler, Henry W. and Emmett Reid Dunn. 1917.Notes on salamanders. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 69:7-28.
  1. ^ Conant, Roger. 1975. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern and Central North America, 2nd edition. Houghton Mifflin. Boston.
  2. ^ http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Plethodon+wehrlei