Weifang

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Weifang
潍坊市
Prefecture-level city
Dongfeng Street in Downtown Weifang
Dongfeng Street in Downtown Weifang
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
Location of Weifang City jurisdiction in Shandong
Weifang is located in China
Weifang
Weifang
Location in China
Coordinates: 36°43′N 119°06′E / 36.717°N 119.100°E / 36.717; 119.100Coordinates: 36°43′N 119°06′E / 36.717°N 119.100°E / 36.717; 119.100
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
Municipal seat Kuiwen District
Subdivisions
Government
 • Mayor Xu Liquan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 15,829 km2 (6,112 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,601 km2 (618 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,601 km2 (618 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (106 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 9,086,200
 • Density 570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,521,600
 • Urban density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,521,600
 • Metro density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Major nationalities Han Chinese
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 261000
(Urban center)
261300, 261500, 262100, 262200, 262400-262700
(Other areas)
Area code(s) 536
License plate prefixes G &鲁V
GDP CNY 12.46 billion (2004)
Coastline 113 kilometres (70 mi)
Website http://www.weifang.gov.cn/
For the World War II civilian internment camp at Weifang see Weihsien Compound.

Weifang (simplified Chinese: 潍坊; traditional Chinese: 濰坊; pinyin: Wéifāng) is a prefecture-level city in central Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It borders Dongying to the northwest, Zibo to the west, Linyi to the southwest, Rizhao to the south, Qingdao to the east, and looks out to the Laizhou Bay to the north. Its population was 9,086,200 at the 2010 census whom 1,521,600 in the built-up (or metro) area made up of 4 urban districts (Kuiwen, Weicheng, Hanting and Fangzi).

History[edit]

Weifang is a historical city with well-known figures. Emperor Shun of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period, the politician Yan Ying of the Spring and Autumn Period, the Confucian scholar Zheng Xuan of the Eastern Han Dynasty and the agriculturist Jia Simiao of the Northern Wei Dynasty were all from Weifang. Kong Rong, Fan Zhongyan, Ouyang Xiu, Su Dongpo, Zheng Banqiao, et al. have worked in Weifang historically. In more recent years, revolutionists, writers and artists, such as Wang Jinmei, Chen Shaomin, Wang Yuanjian, Wang Tongzhao, Zang Kejia are well known in China.

Weifang also has numerous historical relics and other tourist sites, such as Shihu Garden (from the Late Ming and early Qing Dynasty), Fangong Pavilion (from the Song Dynasty), fossil sites (including dinosaur fossils, in Shanwang, Linqu), Mount Yi National Forest Park, Mount Qingyun and the Old Dragon Spring. Painted New Year woodcuts from Yangjiabu are also well known.

Administration[edit]

The prefecture-level city of Weifang administers 12 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 6 county-level cities and 2 counties.

Geography[edit]

Nearby major cities include Jinan and Zibo to the west, Yantai to the northeast and Qingdao to the southeast.

Weifang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season climate, on the very borderline between humid continental and humid subtropical (Köppen Dwa/Cwa, respectively), with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. Monthly daily average temperatures range from −2.9 °C (26.8 °F) in January to 26.2 °C (79.2 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 12.49 °C (54.5 °F). More than 70% of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September, and sunshine is generally abundant year-round. A majority of the annual precipitation occurs in July and August alone. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 47% in July to 62% in April, the city receives 2,536 hours of bright sunshine annually, sunshine is abundant except during the summer months.

Climate data for Weifang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.8
(42.4)
12.3
(54.1)
20.2
(68.4)
25.8
(78.4)
30.1
(86.2)
31.2
(88.2)
30.1
(86.2)
26.6
(79.9)
20.7
(69.3)
12.6
(54.7)
5.7
(42.3)
18.7
(65.6)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
6.9
(44.4)
12.4
(54.3)
18.1
(64.6)
22.0
(71.6)
21.1
(70)
15.3
(59.5)
8.9
(48)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
7.4
(45.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 7.0
(0.276)
11.6
(0.457)
15.9
(0.626)
25.8
(1.016)
39.8
(1.567)
76.5
(3.012)
155.2
(6.11)
127.1
(5.004)
61.2
(2.409)
39.1
(1.539)
19.1
(0.752)
10.0
(0.394)
588.3
(23.162)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.9 4.0 5.6 6.4 8.4 12.5 10.2 6.8 5.9 4.8 3.7 75.6
 % humidity 63 61 58 58 62 66 80 81 73 69 67 64 66.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 176.4 176.1 215.6 241.9 267.7 241.8 208.8 221.1 222.9 211.5 179.6 172.9 2,536.3
Percent possible sunshine 58 58 58 62 61 55 47 53 60 61 59 58 57
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Economy[edit]

Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA).[1]

Established in August 1995, Weifang Binhai Economic & Technological Development Area (BEDA) is a national economic and technological development area approved by the State Council. Covering an area of 677 km2 (261 sq mi), BEDA has a population of 100,000. BEDA possesses a large state-owned industrial land for use with an area of 400 km2 (150 sq mi). The land can be transacted conveniently which would guarantee the demand of any project construction and provide broad development space for the enterprises in the area. Continuously, BEDA has been accredited as National Demonstration Zone invigorating the Sea by Science and Technology, National Innovation Base for Rejuvenating Trade through Science and Technology and National Demonstration Eco-Industry Park.

The city is home to the large diesel engine company and factory Weichai. The village of Yangjiabu in Hanting District is famous for folk wood-block print (nianhua) and kite production.

In 1980's, a large sapphire mine has been discovered in Changle (昌乐县). According to released information, billions carats of sapphire is estimated under the 450 sqkm mine territory. It becomes one of top four sapphire mines in the world. The main feature of this sapphire is dark blue or close to black because of the rich of iron.

Military[edit]

Weifang is headquarters of the 26th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defense of the Yellow River Plain.

Culture[edit]

Kite flying[edit]

Kite Museum in Weifang

Kite flying is a traditional custom among the people in Weifang in spring time. In 1984, the first international kite festival was held in Weifang. More than ten thousand kite fans attended the opening ceremony. People from eleven different countries and regions, including the United States and Canada, took part in the festival, flying kites. Since then, Weifang holds the Weifang International Kite Festival each year. It is held each April.[2]

Painting[edit]

Annual Board of Yangjiabu (杨家埠木版年画), one of the three most famous Chinese folk paintings in history, began from the end of the Ming Dynasty. It reached the peak of its development during the Qing Dynasty. People usually replace the old Annual Broads with the new ones on the eve of Spring Festival, which is the most important festival in China, in order to give blessings to the family and friends for the following year. The subjects of Annual Board of Yangjiabu are various, which include flowers, beauties, landscapes, characters from myths and legends. The architecture skills such as concise lines and bright colors reflect the distinctive characteristics of people in Weifang.

Papercutting[edit]

Chinese papercutting, in a style that is practically identical to the original 6th century form

Papercutting, the art of cutting paper designs, has a history of over in the city of Gaomi. This widespread handicraft has unique styles, such as strong contrast in color, straight and simple line and exaggerated outline. The characters mostly come from the dramatic stories, flowers and birds, as well as some fantastic symbols.

Cuisine[edit]

  • Ji-Ya Hele ("鸡鸭和乐") Weifang Ji-Ya Hele is said to have originated in Shanxi Province, China. Later on, it was brought to Weifang, Shandong Province. The name "Hele" (和乐), a kind of noodle, was developed from the word "Helou" (河漏), a noodle name once used in history.

Weifang Ji-Ya Hele is cooked with various ingredients, stewed with chicken and duck soup. To make delicious "Hele" Noodles, we need to put the "Hele" noodles into the pot. After it is fully boiled, add chicken, duck, Sliced Meatball, salted vegetables and spicy oil in the noodles. In 1997, Ji-Ya Hele was honored as a "Chinese Famous Snack" by China Cuisine Association.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]