|Political map of the "Weimar Triangle"|
The term "Weimar Triangle" refers to a loose grouping of Poland, Germany, and France. The group is intended to promote co-operation between the three countries in crisis zones. It exists mostly in the form of summit meetings between the leaders of these three countries, the most recent of which occurred on February 7, 2011. Previous meetings took place in Poznań, Poland (1998), Nancy, France (1999), Hambach, Germany (2001) and Nancy, France (2005). The Weimar Triangle also involves lower-level connections, such as the annual meeting between Foreign Ministers.
The most recent leaders' summit was hosted by President Bronisław Komorowski of Poland and attended by President Nicolas Sarkozy (France) and Chancellor Angela Merkel (Germany). Issues of renewing regular Weimar Triangle meetings, the Egyptian situation and improving relations with Russia were discussed (Among other topics). Both Germany and France urged Poland to join the pact for competitiveness.
The Weimar Triangle was established in the German city of Weimar in 1991, aimed at assisting Poland's emergence from Communist rule. Attending the meeting were the Foreign Ministers of each state: Roland Dumas of France, Hans-Dietrich Genscher of Germany, and Krzysztof Skubiszewski of Poland.
Thursday, May 19, 2005, the three leaders, Schröder, Chirac and Kwaśniewski met again in the French town of Nancy to discuss EU topics.
On July 5, 2011, Poland, France, and Germany signed an agreement in Brussels to put together a unit of 1,700 soldiers, called the Weimar Combat Group, that will be ready to deploy in crisis zones starting in 2013. The EU business newsletter reports that Poland will command the group, providing the core combat troops and a mechanised battalion, Germany will provide logistical support, and France will contribute medical support. The operational command centre will be based in Mont Valerien, located in a Paris suburb.
Foreign ministers' summits
- 28-29 August 1991 in Weimar, Germany
- 23–24 April 1992 in Bergerac, France
- 11–12 November 1993 in Warsaw, Poland
- 14–15 September 1994 in Bamberg, Germany
- 26 October 1995 in Paris, France
- 19 December 1996 in Warsaw, Poland
- 19 November 1997 in Frankfurt/Oder, Germany
- 6 January 1999 in Paris, France
- 30 August 1999 in Weimar, Germany
- 7 June 2000 in Kraków, Poland
- 16 January 2002 in Paris, France
- 15 May 2004 in Berlin, Germany
- 27 June 2005 in Nancy, France
- 2005 in Warsaw, Poland
- June 2008 in Paris, France
- June 2009 in Weimar, Germany
- 26-27 April 2010 in Bonn, Germany
- 20 May 2011 in Bydgoszcz, Poland
- 29 February 2012 in Berlin, Germany
- 23 June 2012 in Warsaw, Poland
Summits of heads of state
- 21 September 1993 in Gdańsk, Poland
- 21 February 1998 in Poznań, Poland
- 7 May 1999 in Nancy, France
- 27 February 2001 in Hambach, Germany.
- 9 May 2003 in Wrocław, Poland. Held a few days before the referendum on the entry of Poland in the European Union.
- 19 May 2005 in Nancy, France
- 5 Dec 2006 in Mettlach, Germany
- 7 Feb 2011 in Warsaw, Poland
Summit on July 3, 2006 in Weimar, Germany was postponed due to alleged indisposition of the Polish president Lech Kaczyński.
Summits of National Defence Ministers
- AFP, Germany, France and Poland form EU battlegroup EUbusiness. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
- "Leaders in Warsaw can’t cover up EU budget rift" Thenews.pl, News from Poland. Retrieved February 7, 2011.