Weisse Elster

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White Elster (Weiße Elster)
Elstertal.jpg
White Elster valley
Weisse Elster Flussverlauf.png
Origin Western Czech Republic
Mouth Saale
51°25′57″N 11°57′10″E / 51.43250°N 11.95278°E / 51.43250; 11.95278Coordinates: 51°25′57″N 11°57′10″E / 51.43250°N 11.95278°E / 51.43250; 11.95278
Basin countries Germany, Czech Republic
Length 257 km
Source elevation 724 m
Left tributaries Weida
Right tributaries Schwarzbach, Trieb, Göltzsch, Schnauder, Pleiße, Parthe, Reide

The White Elster[1][2][3] or Weisse Elster (German: Weiße Elster, Czech: Bílý Halštrov) is a 257 kilometres (160 mi) long river in central Europe, right tributary of the Saale. Its source is in the westernmost part of the Czech Republic, near . After a few kilometres, it flows into eastern Germany. In Germany, it flows through the states of Saxony, Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt. The White Elster flows through the cities of Plauen, Greiz, Gera, Zeitz, Pegau and Leipzig. It flows into the river Saale in Halle.

Name[edit]

Although "Elster" is German for "magpie", the origin of the name has nothing to do with the bird. It is of Slavic origin: alstrawa = hurrying. The White Elster never meets the Black Elster, which flows from Lusatia into the River Elbe. The rivers have the names "white" and "black" to distinguish between them.

History[edit]

The White Elster proved very disastrous to the French troops when they retreated from Leipzig in October 1813, as a part of the Napoleonic Wars.[2] Józef Poniatowski, Marshal of France, drowned in the river on 19 October 1813.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The "White Elster" river at www.germany-tourism.co.uk
  2. ^ a b Brookes, Richard and Marshall, John (1832). A new universal gazetteer: containing a description of the principal nations, W.W. Reed & Co,, New York, p. 270
  3. ^ White Elster from National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.