Weißenfels

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Weißenfels
Weissenfels Luftbild.jpg
Flag of Weißenfels
Flag
Coat of arms of Weißenfels
Coat of arms
Weißenfels   is located in Germany
Weißenfels
Weißenfels
Coordinates: 51°12′N 11°58′E / 51.200°N 11.967°E / 51.200; 11.967Coordinates: 51°12′N 11°58′E / 51.200°N 11.967°E / 51.200; 11.967
Country Germany
State Saxony-Anhalt
District Burgenlandkreis
Government
 • Mayor Robby Risch
Area
 • Total 113.51 km2 (43.83 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 39,717
 • Density 350/km2 (910/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 06667
Dialling codes 03443
Vehicle registration BLK
Website www.weissenfels.de

Weißenfels (IPA: [ˈvaɪsənˌfɛls]; often written in English as Weissenfels) is the largest town of the Burgenlandkreis district, in southern Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is situated on the river Saale, approximately 30 km (20 mi) south of Halle.

History[edit]

The settlement arose around a castle on a ford crossing the Saale and received municipal rights in 1185. During the Thirty Years' War, the town was badly damaged and the population fell from 2200 to 960. On 7 November 1632 the body of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden was first laid out at Weißenfels after he had been killed the day before at the Battle of Lützen.

Neu-Augustusburg Castle

Shortly afterwards however, the town took a steep rise, when Duke Augustus, a scion of the Saxon House of Wettin, established the Duchy of Saxe-Weissenfels in 1656 and chose Weißenfels as his residence. Since 1638 Augustus had served as the Protestant administrator of the Magdeburg archbishopric, which, according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia would be finally secularised to Brandenburg-Prussia upon his death.

Augustus therefore from 1660 on erected the Baroque Neu-Augustusburg Castle in Weißenfels as the seat of his ducal successors. Completed in 1680 it became the duchy's administrative as well as cultural centre until its dissolution in 1746. Composers like Johann Philipp Krieger and Georg Philipp Telemann worked here, the actress Friederike Caroline Neuber made her first appearances at Weißenfels. In 1702 Johann Sebastian Bach's application for the position of the organist in Sangerhausen (belonging to Weißenfels) failed, because the Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels preferred the - in 2010 rediscovered - composer Johann Augustin Kobelius.[2] In 1713 Johann Sebastian Bach dedicated his cantata Was mir behagt, ist nur die muntre Jagd, BWV 208 to Duke Christian of Saxe-Weissenfels.

The Lutheran theologian Erdmann Neumeister from 1704 on served as a deacon at the castle's Trinity Chapel. Its pipe organ completed in 1673 has 22 stops. According to John Mainwaring, Duke Johann Adolf I of Saxe-Weissenfels himself discovered the musical talent of George Frideric Handel, when he heard the son of his physician Georg Händel playing on the organ. Bach wrote the Toccata and Fugue in F major (BWV 540) for it.

With the extinction of the Wettin Saxe-Weissenfels line in 1746, the town fell back to the Saxon Electorate and after the 1815 Congress of Vienna to the Prussian Province of Saxony. From 1816 on it was the capital of the Weißenfels district until its dissolution in 2007.

Population[edit]

Development of the town's population (from 1960 as at 31 December):

Year Population
1825 6,423
1875 16,921
1880 19,654
1885 21,782
1890 23,779
1900 28,201
1925 35,756
Year Population
1933 40,119
1939 42,387
1946 50,995 ¹
1950 47,967 ²
1960 45,856
1981 39,125
1984 38,657
Year Population
1990 37,765 ³
1995 34,676
2000 31,946
2005 29,866
2006 29,669
2007 29,569
Datasource since 1990: Statistical office of Saxony-Anhalt

1: 29 October
2: 31 August
3: 3 October

Incorporations[edit]

Since an administrative reform on 1 January 2010, Weißenfels also comprises the former municipalities of Langendorf, Markwerben and Uichteritz. On 1 September 2010, the former municipalities of Burgwerben, Großkorbetha, Leißling, Reichardtswerben, Schkortleben, Storkau, Tagewerben and Wengelsdorf joined the town.

Politics[edit]

Weißenfels baroque Town hall

Seats in the municipal council (Stadtrat) as of 2014 elections:

Party/Group Seats
Christian Democratic Union 13
Citizens for Weissenfels/Rural Neighborhoods 7
The Left 7
Social Democratic Party of Germany 6
Alliance For Justice 3
National Democratic Party of Germany 1
Alternative for Germany 1
Alliance 90/The Greens 1
Free Democratic Party 1

Economy[edit]

Since the 19th century industrialisation, shoe manufacture was Weißenfels' primary industry, until 1991 when the last factory shut down. Since then, the food processing industry has grown significantly. The main companies are:

The town has access to the A9 at the Weißenfels junction, near the interchange with the A38. The Weißenfels station is a stop on the Thuringian Railway line from Halle to Nebra.

Sports[edit]

Basketball and Unihockey are the two most popular sports in town. Mitteldeutscher Basketball Club (MBC) was playing in the German national basketball league in between 1999 and 2004 and entered the league again in 2009. Unihockey Club Kreissparkasse Weißenfels won the German Unihockey championship seven times, from 2003 to 2009. The Unihockey European Cup, organized every year in order to establish the best team in Europe, was held in Weißenfels and neighbouring cities Hohenmölsen and Merseburg in January 2004.

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Weißenfels is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden 31.12.2012". Statistisches Landesamt Sachsen-Anhalt (in German). January 2014. 
  2. ^ Gerald Drebes: Wiederentdeckung eines Konkurrenten von J. S. Bach, online: [1]