Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Mendip
FRS PC
Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip by Karl Anton Hickel.jpg
Secretary of State for the Colonies
In office
February 1782 – 8 March 1782
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord North
Preceded by Lord George Germain
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born 15 December 1713 (1713-12-15)
Died 2 February 1802 (1802-02-03)
Nationality British

Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip PC FRS (15 December 1713 – 2 February 1802) was a British statesman. He held a number of political offices, including briefly serving as Secretary for the Colonies in 1782 during the American War of Independence.

Background[edit]

Ellis was the second but only surviving son of the Most Reverend Welbore Ellis, Bishop of Kildare and Bishop of Meath.

Political career[edit]

In 1741, he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Cricklade, then moved to Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (1747–1761), Aylesbury (1761–1768), Petersfield (1768–1774), Weymouth and Melcombe Regis (1774–1790) and Petersfield (1791–1794). In 1762, he succeeded Charles Townshend as Secretary at War, and in 1763, he proposed the appropriation of twenty army regiments to the colonies of America. In Parliament, with many others, he opposed the reception of papers from the American Continental Congress. He became Treasurer of the Navy on 1777, then succeeded to the Colonial Secretaryship in 1782, which he held for a matter of months, before the American colonies were lost. In 1784, he became the longest-serving member of the House of Commons (having served for 34 years noncontinuously), becoming the honorary Father of the House. He was created Baron Mendip, of Mendip in the County of Somerset, in 1794 in recognition of his governmental service. The peerage was created with remainder to the three eldest sons of his sister Anne by her husband Henry Agar, of Gowran.

Personal life[edit]

Ellis died childless in February 1802, aged 88, and was succeeded in the barony according to the special remainder by his great-nephew, Henry Welbore Agar, 2nd Viscount Clifden, who assumed the surname of Ellis two years later.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Reade, Bt
Charles Gore
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
1741–1747
with Sir Thomas Reade, Bt
Succeeded by
John Gore
William Rawlinson Earle
Preceded by
John Tucker
Joseph Damer
John Raymond
James Steuart
Member of Parliament for Weymouth
and Melcombe Regis

1747–1761
with Richard Plumer 1747–1751
George Dodington 1747–1754
Edward Hungate Beaghan 1747–1754
Lord George Augustus Cavendish 1751–1754
Lord John Cavendish 1754–1761
George Bubb Dodington 1754–1761
John Tucker 1754–1761
Succeeded by
John Tucker
Sir Francis Dashwood, Bt
John Olmius
Richard Glover
Preceded by
John Willes
John Wilkes
Member of Parliament for Aylesbury
1761–1768
with John Wilkes 1761–1764
Anthony Bacon 1764–1768
Succeeded by
Anthony Bacon
John Durand
Preceded by
John Joliffe
Richard Croftes
Member of Parliament for Petersfield
1768–1774
with William Joliffe
Succeeded by
William Joliffe
Sir Abraham Hume, Bt
Preceded by
John Tucker
The Lord Waltham
Sir Charles Davers, Bt
Jeremiah Dyson
Member of Parliament for Weymouth
and Melcombe Regis

1774–1790
with John Tucker 1774–1778
William Chaffin Grove 1774–1781
John Purling 1774–1790
Gabriel Steward 1778–1780,
1780–1786 & 1788–1790
Warren Lisle 1780
William Richard Rumbold 1781–1784
Sir Thomas Rumbold, Bt 1784–1790
George Jackson 1786–1788
Succeeded by
Sir James Murray Pulteney
Richard Bempde Johnstone
Andrew Stuart
Thomas Jones
Preceded by
William Joliffe
Marquess of Titchfield
Member of Parliament for Petersfield
1791–1795
with William Joliffe
Succeeded by
William Joliffe
Charles Greville
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Townshend
Secretary at War
1762–1765
Succeeded by
The Viscount Barrington
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Elliot, Bt
Treasurer of the Navy
1777–1782
Succeeded by
Isaac Barré
Preceded by
The Lord George Germain
Secretary of State for the Colonies
1782
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Charles Frederick
Father of the House
1784–1790
Succeeded by
William Drake
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
(new creation)
Baron Mendip
1794–1802
Succeeded by
Henry Welbore Ellis