Welland County, Ontario
The county was formed in 1851 from Lincoln County. The county was named from the Welland River. The river got its name from John Graves Simcoe who named it after a stream in Lincolnshire, England. Niagara Falls, and the Townships in this county were among the earliest settlements in Upper Canada.
In some census and election records from the late 19th century, the townships of Pelham and Wainfleet (which can be seen on the map below) were enumerated as part of Monck County. However, Monck never existed as a county in the political sense, but only as an electoral district.
In 1970, Lincoln and Welland Counties were amalgamated to form the Regional Municipality of Niagara.
Bertie Township, Area 34,486 acres (139.560 km2). Organized in 1784. Named in honour of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. Community centres: Fort Erie, Bridgeburg and Ridgeway.
Crowland Township, Area 18,871 acres (76.368 km2). Organized in 1788 and named from an ancient town in Lincolnshire. Veterans of Butler's Rangers were the first settlers. Community centre: Welland.
Humberstone Township, area 29,477 acres (119.289 km2). Opened in 1787 and named from the Lincolnshire town.
Pelham Township. Area 23,394 acres (94.672 km2). Opened in 1790 and named in honor of the Duke of Newcastle; Pelham is one half the family name of Pelham-Clinton. Community centre: Fonthill, North Pelham, Ridgeville, and Fenwick.
Stamford Township, Area 20,876 acres (84.482 km2). Opened in 1784 under the name of Mount Dorchester. John Graves Simcoe changed the name in 1792 honouring an old town in Lincolnshire. Community centres: Niagara Fall (which was first called Clifton), Drummondville and Stamford.
Thorold Township. Area 21,853 acres (88.436 km2). Settled by Butler's Rangers in 1784, but officially set apart in 1788. Named in honour of Sir John Thorold, M.P. for Lincolnshire (1734–1815). Community centres: Thorold, St. John's, Allenburg, Port Robinson.
Wainfleet Township, Area 49,805 acres (201.554 km2). Opened in 1798 and named from a town in the Lincolnshire fens. Community centre: Marshville.
Willoughby Township: Area 18,711 acres (75.721 km2). Opened in 1787 and named from an English Village. Chippawa and others had settled in the region as early as 1784. Navy Island the scene of William Lyon Mackenzie's exploits in 1837 is within this township.
Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto