Wellesbourne

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Coordinates: 52°11′40″N 1°35′41″W / 52.19434°N 1.59472°W / 52.19434; -1.59472

Wellesbourne
Flag of Wellesbourne.png
Flag of Wellesbourne
Wellesbourne is located in Warwickshire
Wellesbourne
Wellesbourne
 Wellesbourne shown within Warwickshire
Population 5,691 (2001)
OS grid reference SP278552
Civil parish Wellesbourne
District Stratford-on-Avon
Shire county Warwickshire
Region West Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARWICK
Postcode district CV35
Dialling code 01789
Police Warwickshire
Fire Warwickshire
Ambulance West Midlands
EU Parliament West Midlands
UK Parliament Stratford-on-Avon
List of places
UK
England
Warwickshire

Wellesbourne is a large village and civil parish in the county of Warwickshire, in the West Midlands region of the UK. In the 2001 census the parish, which also includes the village of Walton, had a population of 5,691 (2008 est. 6,400).

With the rapid increase in new housing and industrial developments since the 1990s, Wellesbourne is increasingly referred to as a small commuter town servicing its larger neighbours such as Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwick and Leamington Spa, and a little further afield, the cities of Coventry, Banbury and Birmingham.

Wellesbourne sits on the A429 road, and is located around seven miles south of Warwick and five miles east of Stratford-upon-Avon. Nearby are the villages of Walton and Kineton.

History[edit]

The name was first recorded in 862 as Wallesburam. It was later referred to as Walesborne in the Domesday Book.

In May 1140 Wellesbourne was hit by a tornado - one of the earliest recorded in the British Isles. It damaged several buildings and killed a woman.[1]

Wellesbourne was once two villages – Wellesbourne Mountford and Wellesbourne Hastings, the two villages being divided by the River Dene. In 1947 the two parishes were merged, and are now considered to be a single village. For these historical reasons Wellesbourne has two village centres, Chestnut Square and the Precinct respectively.

Following a Boundary Change most of Wellesbourne is now in the Parliamentary Constituency of Kenilworth and Southam. Two roads, Hammond Green and Ramsay Green built west of the old Parish Boundary are currently still attached to Stratford.

Perhaps the most significant event in Wellesbourne's history was the founding in 1872 of the first trade union for agricultural workers by Joseph Arch – an event once celebrated by an annual parade, which it was hoped to be revived in 2010. There was little interest from the Trade Unions which once featured quite prominently, but the Wellesbourne Action Group still organises a walk from Barford to Wellesbourne around 9 June each year along the Joseph Arch Way. There is a somewhat unusual memorial in the form of a plaque in the village bus shelter.

The needs and wants of the people of Wellesbourne and Walton are under periodic review, particularly housing and recreation facilities. A survey was undertaken in 2010 resulting in a new Plan. Vision for Wellesbourne was part of this, and set up a website to marshal ideas, but this has now run its course and been allowed to lapse. A proposal, put forward by Commercial Estates Group (CEG) to build 175 houses on land off Ettington Road has been picked up by the firm Charles Church, and work started in January 2013. Work is also underway to bring back the Football/ Recreation Centre which has fallen into disrepair.

In July 2012 two more websites associated with Wellesbourne were formed: Wellesbourne and Walton News now appears on its own site, provided by St Peter's Church; My Wellesbourne is in the form of a blog, to appeal to a younger audience, and Wellesbourne's Facebook page, though not new, was given more publicity and prominence.

Features[edit]

The main entrance to the industrial estate

Just outside the village is one of the sites of Horticulture Research International, formerly the Institute of Horticultural Research and, before that, the National Vegetable Research Station. This is partly operated by the University of Warwick.

Wellesbourne gained recent publicity when Chedham's Yard, a historic agricultural building featuring a blacksmith's and wheelwright's workshops, won BBC TV's Restoration Village competition in 2006.[2] The Yard has undergone restoration work and a new visitor centre has been built; it opened in April 2012 with a schedule of weekend visits.

Wellesbourne Industrial Estate is also located within the village near to the A429,[citation needed] however as of November 2012 there is a new master plan to turn it into Loxley Park which would have new industrial and retail units as well as housing.[3]

Airfield[edit]

There is a small airfield called Wellesbourne Mountford Airfield, also the site of a large market held every Saturday and bank holiday Mondays.[4]

The airfield hosts a Wings and Wheels event each year. In 2009 the event took place on 19 August and featured Avro Vulcan XH558, Avro Vulcan XM655, Red Arrows (with Avro Vulcan XM655 being the star of the show) and a number of classic vehicles and military vehicles. Events took place on Sundays 20 June 2010, 26 June 2011, 17 June 2012 and 16 June 2013[5] with the next one on Sunday 15 June 2014 which will also celebrate the 50th anniversary of XM655 having been delivered to the RAF and the 30th anniversary of the aircraft's delivery to Wellesbourne.[6]

There is also a wartime Museum which includes a number of aircraft and a wartime emergency underground bunker.[7]

Churches[edit]

There are three churches in Wellesbourne, St. Peter's parish church, the Roman Catholic and Methodist churches.

Schools[edit]

Village Flag[8]

Wellesbourne is home to Wellesbourne Church of England primary school.

Sport[edit]

Wellesbourne plays a variety of sports via established clubs, notably in football (in which Wellesbourne Wanderers FC have won several awards in recent years), cricket and rugby.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lane, F.W. The Elements Rage (David and Pandey 1966), pp.50-51
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/programmes/restoration/
  3. ^ "Loxley Park". Barwood Development. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Wellesbourne Airfield Visitor Maps and Information". Wellesbourne Mountford Airfield. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Past Taxi Runs". 655 Maintenance & Preservation Society. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Wings & Wheels 2013". 655 Maintenance & Preservation Society. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "A Brief History of Wellesbourne Airfield". Wellesbourne Mountford Airfield. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  8. ^ http://www.wellesbournecricketclub.co.uk/gallery/galleryid_7086/Broadway2010.aspx Wellesbourne Cricket Club photos[not in citation given]

External links[edit]

Media related to Wellesbourne at Wikimedia Commons