Wellingborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wellingborough
County constituency
Wellingborough2007Constituency.svg
EnglandNorthamptonshire.svg
Wellingborough shown within Northamptonshire, and Northamptonshire shown within England
Created: 1918
Electorate: 76,848 (December 2010)
MP: Peter Bone
Party: Conservative Party
Type: House of Commons
County: Northamptonshire
EP constituency: East Midlands

Wellingborough is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Peter Bone, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

This seat was created under the Representation of the People Act 1918.

Political history

Wellingborough's earliest years were left-leaning. Since the 1964 the seat has kept on producing examples of bellwether results and rarely showed itself to be safe for more than one government term. Departing from this are two years where the result has defied the most common result nationwide, by leaning towards the Conservative Party, in 1974 (twice) and in 2005.

Prominent frontbenchers

Sir Geoffrey Shakespeare was a Lloyd-Georgist National Liberal who served in junior minister roles through much of World War II including, briefly as the Secretary for Overseas Trade in 1940.

The lack of other senior positions is assisted by no majority having been gained by the winner which is in national terms generally shown to be insurmountable, see marginal seat.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is named after the town of Wellingborough and covers most of the Borough of Wellingborough local government district. The constituency also includes Rushden: East, South, North and West wards (a broad town) and Higham Ferrers, a large village ward, in the neighbouring local government district of East Northamptonshire alongside the wards of the district:

  • Brickhill, Castle, Croyland, Finedon, Great Doddington and Wilby, Hemingwell, Irchester, North, Queensway, Redwell East, Redwell West, South, Swanspool and, Wollaston.[1]
History of boundaries

Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which did not alter this constituency for the 2010 general election leaving it with identical wards since 1997, the fourth review.[1]

Constituency profile[edit]

Strengths in local industries here or in neighbouring Northampton and Kettering include in printing, logistics and distribution, automotive (assembly and design), construction, food processing and advanced engineering sectors. Despite this a decline in the traditional local industries such as quarrying, furniture making and textiles pushes workless claimants who were registered jobseekers in November 2012 higher than the national (and regional) average of 3.8%, at 4.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party Notes
1918 Walter Robert Smith Labour
1922 Geoffrey Shakespeare National Liberal Secretary for Overseas Trade (1940)
1923 William Cove Labour
1929 George Dallas Labour
1931 Archibald James Conservative
1945 George Lindgren Labour
1959 Michael Hamilton Conservative
1964 Harry Howarth Labour
1969 by-election Sir Peter Fry Conservative
1997 Paul Stinchcombe Labour
2005 Peter Bone Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Wellingborough [4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat
Conservative Peter Bone
Labour Richard Garvie
General Election 2010: Wellingborough[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 24,918 48.2 +5.5
Labour Jayne Buckland 13,131 25.4 -16.0
Liberal Democrat Kevin Barron 8,848 17.1 +5.6
UKIP Adrian Haynes 1,636 3.2 +0.9
BNP Rob Walker 1,596 3.1 +3.1
English Democrats Terry Spencer 530 1.0 +1.0
Green Jonathan Hornett 480 0.9 +0.9
TUSC Paul Crofts 249 0.5 +0.5
Independent Gary Donaldson 240 0.5 +0.5
Independent Marcus Lavin 33 0.1 +0.1
Majority 11,787 22.8
Turnout 51,661 67.2 +1.4
Conservative hold Swing +10.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Wellingborough[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Peter Bone 22,674 42.8 +0.6
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 21,987 41.5 −5.3
Liberal Democrat Richard Church 6,147 11.6 +2.3
UKIP James Wrench 1,214 2.3 +0.6
Veritas Nicholas Alex 749 1.4 +1.4
Socialist Labour Andy Dickson 234 0.4 +0.4
Majority 687 1.3
Turnout 53,005 66.5 +2.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 2.9
General Election 2001: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 23,867 46.8 +2.6
Conservative Peter Bone 21,512 42.2 -1.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Gaskell 4,763 9.3 -0.1
UKIP Tony Ellwood 864 1.7 -0.4
Majority 2,355 4.6
Turnout 51,006 64.1 -10.7
Labour hold Swing +2.1

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Paul Stinchcombe 24,854 44.2 +10.3
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 24,667 43.8 -9.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Smith 5,279 9.4 -3.4
UKIP Tony Ellwood 1,192 2.1 N/A
Natural Law Annie Lorys 297 0.5 N/A
Majority 187 0.3
Turnout 56,289 74.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 9.95
General Election 1992: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 32,302 53.4 +0.7
Labour Phil Sawford 20,486 33.9 +6.7
Liberal Democrat Julie Trevor 7,714 12.8 -7.4
Majority 11,816 19.5 -6.0
Turnout 60,502 81.9 +3245
Conservative hold Swing +4.1 (from Lib)

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 29,038 52.7 +3.8
Labour J. Currie 14,968 27.2 +1.2
Liberal L.E. Stringer 11,047 20.1 -4.6
Majority 14,070 25.5 +2.6
Turnout 73,875 +3425
Conservative hold Swing +4.2 (from Lib)
General Election 1983: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 25,715 48.9 -3.4
Labour J.H. Mann 13,659 26.0 -8.9
Liberal L.E. Stringer 12,994 24.7 +12.9
Independent D.M.P. Garnett 228 0.4 +0.1
Majority 12,056 22.9 +5.5
Turnout 67,598 -21424
Conservative hold Swing -8.2 (to Lib)

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 37,812 52.3 +9.5
Labour D.A. Forwood 25,278 34.9 -5.3
Liberal L.E. Stringer 8,506 11.8 -6.2
National Front S.F. Wright 529 0.7 +0.7
Independent D.M.P. Garnett 228 0.3 +0.3
Majority 12,534 17.4 +9.5
Turnout 89,022 81.25 +3734
Conservative hold Swing +7.4
General Election Oct 1974: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 29,078 42.8 +2.3
Labour J H Mann 27,320 40.2 +2.9
Liberal Mrs P Jessel 11,500 17.0 -3.9
Majority 1,758 2.6 -0.5
Turnout 85,288 79.61 +726
Conservative hold Swing +3.1 (from Lib)
General Election Feb 1974: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 29,099 40.5 -11.7
Labour J.H. Mann 26,829 37.3 -10.5
Liberal Mrs P Jessell 15,049 20.9 +20.9
Independent Conservative D.T. James 897 1.2 +1.2
Majority 2,720 3.1 -1.3
Turnout 84,562 85.00 +19570
Conservative hold Swing -16.3 (to Lib)
General Election 1970: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 27,459 52.2 -2.2
Labour J.H. Mann 25,107 47.8 8.0
Majority 2,532 4.4 -12.2
Turnout 81.34
Conservative hold Swing -5.1

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Wellingborough By-election of December 1969
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Peter Fry 22,548 54.4 +6.8
Labour J.H. Mann 16,499 39.8 -7.8
Independent M.P. Coney 2,421 5.8 +5.8
Majority 6,049 14.6 +14.6
Turnout
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 7.3
General Election 1966: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Howarth 24,705 52.4 +10.1
Conservative J.L. Leatham 22,472 47.6 +5.4
Majority 2,233 4.8 +4.7
Turnout 54,566 86.46 +1322
Labour hold Swing +10.1 (from Lib)
General Election 1964: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Howarth 19,592 42.26 -7.17
Conservative Michael Hamilton 19,545 42.16 -8.51
Liberal P.A.J. Petit 7,227 15.59 +15.59
Majority 47 0.10
Turnout 87.11
Labour gain from Conservative Swing 11.9 (Con to Lib)

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Hamilton 22,964 50.67 +1.61
Labour George Samuel Lindgren 22,358 49.33 -1.61
Majority 606 1.34
Turnout 86.72
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 1.61
General Election 1955: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Samuel Lindgren 22,745 51.04 -1.35
Conservative Albert Arthur Jones 21,819 48.96 +1.35
Majority 926 2.08
Turnout 86.01
Labour hold Swing -1.35
General Election 1951: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Samuel Lindgren 24,113 52.39 +5.29
Conservative F.R. Parsons 21,912 47.61 +19.15
Majority 2,201 4.78
Turnout 88.38
Labour hold Swing +21.8 (from Lib)
General Election 1950: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Samuel Lindgren 21,640 47.10 -10.61
Conservative J. Sayer 13,075 28.46 -13.83
Liberal Edwin Thomas Malindine 11,227 24.44 +24.44
Majority 8,565 18.64
Turnout 89.51
Labour hold Swing -17.53 (to Lib)

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Lindgren 22,416 57.71
Conservative Archibald James 16,426 42.29
Majority 5,990 15.42
Turnout 74.39
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archibald James 18,085 50.52
Labour George Dallas 17,713 49.48
Majority 372 1.04
Turnout 77.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Wellingborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Archibald James 22,127 61.02
Labour George Dallas 14,137 38.98
Majority 7,990 22.03
Turnout 81.24
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

George Dallas
General Election 1929: Wellingborough[7]

Electorate 43,548

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour George Dallas 15,300
Liberal Richard Pattinson Winfrey 11,255
Unionist Archibald William Henry James 9,703
Majority 4,045
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1924: Wellingborough[8]

Electorate 33,933

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William George Cove 11,381
Unionist R A Raphael 8,900
Liberal H M Paul 8,223
Majority 2,481
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1923: Wellingborough[9]

Electorate 33,226

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William George Cove 11,175
Liberal Geoffrey Hithersay Shakespeare 8,638
Unionist R Massy-Dawson Sanders 6,747
Majority 2,537
Turnout
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1922 : Wellingborough[10]

Electorate 32,820

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Geoffrey Hithersay Shakespeare 14,995
Labour Walter Robert Smith 11,057
Majority
Turnout
National Liberal gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Wellingborough[11]

Electorate 31,669

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Walter Robert Smith 10,290 n/a
Liberal 10,290 n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout n/a
Labour win
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ a b 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Wellingborough UK Polling
  5. ^ Wellingborough BBC News | Election 2010
  6. ^ Wellingborough UK Polling
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  8. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  9. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  10. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 52°18′N 0°42′W / 52.30°N 0.70°W / 52.30; -0.70