|• Mayor||Barbara O'Keefe|
|• Village Administrator||Steve Pyles|
|• Total||3.89 sq mi (10.08 km2)|
|• Land||3.60 sq mi (9.32 km2)|
|• Water||0.29 sq mi (0.75 km2) 7.46%|
|• Estimate (2012)||4,812|
|• Density||1,333.9/sq mi (515.0/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2013)|
Wellington was settled in 1818 by Ephraim Wilcox, Charles Sweet, William T. Welling, John Clifford, and Joseph Wilson from the states of Massachusetts and New York. It was originally named Charlemont by Charles Sweet who, after winning a tree chopping contest, was given the right to name the township. It was later changed to Wellington by the townspeople in honor of one of the founders William Welling and also "Iron Duke," the Duke of Wellington.
Wellington was incorporated as a village in 1855.
In 1858, the former American House Hotel (later torn down and replace with Herrick Memorial Library) was the site of the Oberlin-Wellington Rescue. A group of men, both white and black and many from Oberlin, swarmed the hotel to rescue runaway slave John Price. He was being held by a US Marshal and his men, who intended to return him to his master in Kentucky.
The abolitionists transported Price out of town en route to the Underground Railroad and got him to Canada. Thirty-seven men were indicted, but only two, Simeon M. Bushnell and Charles Henry Langston, were tried in federal court for interfering with the marshal in carrying out the Fugitive Slave Law. After Langston's eloquent speech about slavery and discrimination, the judge gave them light sentences. The events and trial received national attention, and kept the issue of slavery at the forefront of debate.
Archibald M. Willard, painter of the patriotic Spirit of '76 painting lived in Wellington during the 19th century. He is buried in Greenwood Cemetery on the outskirts of the village. The Spirit of 76' Museum, also located in Wellington, is dedicated to Willard and the history of Wellington. The original drum and fife used as models in the Spirit of 76 painting are also on display.
In 2010, Wellington was named the "Best Old House Neighborhood" for the state of Ohio by This Old House Magazine in their annual feature article.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.89 square miles (10.08 km2), of which, 3.60 square miles (9.32 km2) is land and 0.29 square miles (0.75 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,802 people, 1,956 households, and 1,266 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,333.9 inhabitants per square mile (515.0 /km2). There were 2,148 housing units at an average density of 596.7 per square mile (230.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.8% White, 1.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.
There were 1,956 households of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.
The median age in the village was 39.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,511 people, 1,723 households, and 1,173 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,536.2 people per square mile (592.4/km²). There were 1,850 housing units at an average density of 630.0 per square mile (243.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 97.14% White, 1.33% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.
There were 1,723 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.9% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the village the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $41,250, and the median income for a family was $45,460. Males had a median income of $35,385 versus $23,488 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,566. About 3.3% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
Barbara O'Keefe has served as mayor of the village of Wellington since 1993. The Village Administrator is Steven Pyles, the Clerk is Karen Webb and the Village Solicitor is Stephen Bond. Hans Schneider is current Council President. Other members of council are Sandy Denes, Helen Dronsfield, Jeff Hyde, Steve Maurer and Guy Wells.
Wellington's Herrick Memorial Library loaned more than 86,000 items to its 9,000 cardholders in 2005. Total holdings as of 2005 were over 57,000 volumes with over 165 periodical subscriptions.
Wellington lies within the 7th congressional district, represented by Bob Gibbs, the 13th Ohio Senate District, represented by Gayle Manning, and the 57th Ohio House of Representatives District, represented by Terry Boose.
Festivals and events
Every June the Ohio Scottish Games come to the Lorain County Fair Grounds to celebrate Scotland's rich history and culture.
In the late 19th century, Wellington was known as the "Cheese Capital of the World". The Wellington Cheese Festival is celebrated on the third weekend of every July. The festival has live music, food, children's rides and games, crafts and car shows.
Two weeks before Labor Day in late August, the Lorain County Fair, one of the biggest county fairs in the state of Ohio, takes place west of town on State Route 18 at the fairgrounds.
Each September since 1983, the Friends of the Herrick Memorial Library have sponsored the Harvest of the Arts, a large juried arts festival held on the town square. The event attracts more than 100 artisans and craftspeople and includes live musical performances, children's activities, and the raffle of a handmade quilt. All proceeds from the event support public programming at the library.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17.
- Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 876. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
- The Spirit of 76 Museum
- DeLorme. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 7th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2004, 40. ISBN 0-89933-281-1.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town". State Library of Ohio. Retrieved November 10, 2006.
- Ohio Scottish Games
- Wellington Cheese Festival
- Lorain County Fair