Wellington Point, Queensland
Redland City, Queensland
Residential street in Wellington Point
|Location||22 km (14 mi) from Brisbane GPO|
The point and its adjoining waters are used extensively for aquatic sports. The area is also a popular day-trip destination. While it is predominantly urban, Wellington Point retains a seaside and village atmosphere.
In the 2011 Census the population of Wellington Point is 11,787, 50.9% female and 49.1% male.
The median/average age of the Wellington Point population is 39 years of age, 2 years above the Australian average.
73.1% of people living in Wellington Point were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 7.7%, New Zealand 5.1%, South Africa 1.8%, Scotland 1.2%, Netherlands 0.5%.
90.8% of people speak English as their first language 0.5% German, 0.5% Italian, 0.4% Afrikaans, 0.4% Punjabi, 0.3% Finnish.
The people of the Quandamooka lived in the Redlands long before white settlement. Food was plentiful and skillfully hunted, fished and collected. Tribes of the Yuggera language group inhabited the whole area, with the tribe inhabiting the mainland coastal strip stretching from Redland Bay to the mouth of the Brisbane River being called the Koobenpul.
It is considered that the first Europeans to travel through Wellington Point were three shipwrecked timber getters, Pamphlett, Finnegan and Parsons in 1823.
Wellington Point was named by surveyors Robert Dixon and James Warner in 1842 after the Duke of Wellington who led the army of the United Kingdom in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. The bay formed in part by Wellington Point was named Waterloo Bay. The first European settlers arrived in Wellington Point in the mid-1860s after the first land sales of 1864 at which one of the big purchasers was Thomas Lodge Murray Prior. Another purchaser was Captain Louis Hope, who built Ormiston House and established a major sugar plantation and milling operation in Ormiston.
In the 1889 a railway line from Brisbane, Queensland was built to Cleveland, Queensland passing through Wellington Point. This led to greater travel to Wellington Point and the opening up of yet more land. The line was closed in 1960 due to lack of use. In 1988 the railway station was re-opened and the rail link to Brisbane was re-established. The Wellington Point reserve, opened in the 1880s was closed in 1974.
In 1887 Gilbert Burnett subdivided more of his Wellington Point holdings, especially around the railway station. Edith, Alice and Matilda Streets were laid out and named after three of Burnett’s daughters and the Wellington Point State School opened.
The first Methodist church was established in 1888, as was the original Wellington Point Hotel which was demolished in 1972 but has since been rebuilt. Fernbourne[clarification needed] was constructed in 1889, but was renamed Whepstead Manor in 1900.
The Point’s popularity continued to grow with special fruit trains run to the area in 1906 to sample the strawberries and to visit the gardens and vineyards and by 1911 retirees and commuters began to move into the area and more housing blocks were set aside.
Whilst the great depression in the late 20s and 30s was a personal tragedy for many, it was also a time of work creation and the development of infrastructure. An interesting development at the point was the drilling for oil which began in 1931. The drilling was commercially unsuccessful, but it did attract the interest of the Prime Minister and the Catholic Church. 1931 was also the year that town electricity was first provided in the area and the Wellington Point jetty was completed in 1937.
The Second World War had a significant effect on Wellington Point and arguably the most obvious consequence was the US camp during 1943 and 1944 when 1500 US forces camped there and conducted shooting and bombing practice.
After the war the pace of life slowed but change was coming. In 1959 a chemist, doctor’s surgery, butcher, garage and fish shop were set up and with the arrival of reticulated water in 1969, farmland began to be sub-divided for house blocks.
In 1983 the iconic Redland Cricketers Club was opened.
Early industries included growing sugar cane, timber cutting, fruit and vegetable farming and fishing. (Of these the only surviving industry of any significance is fruit and vegetable farming though rapidly increasing urbanisation has reduced this industry to very low levels.)
Wellington Point has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
Significant features include the point, King Island (which is joined to the point at low tide by a natural sand causeway), Redlands Sporting Club, Sovereign Waters (a lakeside housing development), Fernbourne House and Whepstead Manor (both significant historical residences) and a shopping and restaurant precinct which contains the Wellington Point Clock Tower.
Wellington Point is the home of three schools. They are
- Redlands College, described by the Courier Mail as a "Top-Performing school(s) with 89 per cent of students on OP 15 or above",
- Wellington Point State High School which notes that "the percentage of students receiving QTAC offers for a place in a tertiary courses of study has confirmed Wellington Point High School as one of the top academic schools in the state system of education".
- Wellington Point State School, which opened in 1887, is celebrating its 120th anniversary in 2007. Redlands College and Wellington Point State High School both began in 1988.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wellington Point (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- Redland City website "In the beginning"
- Redlands timeline
- Dunn, Peter. "US NAVY GUNNERY SCHOOL WELLINGTON POINT, NEAR BRISBANE, QLD DURING WW2". www.ozatwar.com. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "Whepstead (entry 15551)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 2013-07-12.