Wellington Region

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Coordinates: 41°17′S 174°46′E / 41.283°S 174.767°E / -41.283; 174.767

This article is about a region in New Zealand. For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation).
Wellington Region
Region of New Zealand
Official logo of Wellington Region
Logo
Location of Wellington Region
Country New Zealand
Island North Island
Established 1989
Seat Wellington
Territorial authorities
Government
 • Chairperson Fran Wilde
 • Deputy Chairperson Barbara Donaldson
Area
 • Region 8,140 km2 (3,140 sq mi)
Population (June 2013 estimate)[1]
 • Region 492,500
 • Density 61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Website www.gw.govt.nz

The Wellington Region[2] is a local government region of New Zealand that occupies the southern end of the North Island. It includes the cities (in order of population) of Wellington, Lower Hutt, Porirua and Upper Hutt, plus smaller towns.

Local government[edit]

The region is administered by the Wellington Regional Council, which uses the promotional name Greater Wellington Regional Council.[3] The council region covers the conurbation around the capital city, Wellington, and the cities of Lower Hutt, Porirua, and Upper Hutt, each of which has a rural hinterland; it extends up the west coast of the North Island, taking in the coastal settlements of the Kapiti Coast District, which includes the southern fringe of the area commonly known as Horowhenua and the town of Otaki; east of the Rimutaka Range it includes three largely rural districts containing most of Wairarapa, covering the towns of Masterton, Carterton, Greytown, Featherston and Martinborough.[4] The Wellington Regional Council was first formed in 1980 from a merger of the Wellington Regional Planning Authority and the Wellington Regional Water Board.[5]

The governing body of the regional council is made up of 13 councillors, representing six constituencies:[6]

  • Wellington – 5 councillors
  • Kapiti Coast – 1
  • Porirua-Tawa – 2
  • Lower Hutt – 3
  • Upper Hutt – 1
  • Wairarapa – 1
Position Name Constituency Ticket
Chair[7] Fran Wilde Wellington
Deputy Chair Barbara Donaldson Porirua-Tawa
Councillor Judith Aitken Wellington
Councillor Jenny Brash Porirua-Tawa
Councillor Paul Bruce Wellington Green
Councillor Sandra Greig Lower Hutt
Councillor Sue Kedgley Wellington Green
Councillor Ken Laban Lower Hutt
Councillor Chris Laidlaw Wellington
Councillor Prue Lamason Lower Hutt
Councillor Gary McPhee Wairarapa
Councillor Paul Swain Upper Hutt
Councillor Nigel Wilson Kapiti

Term Wellington region[edit]

In common usage the terms Wellington region and Greater Wellington are not clearly defined, and areas on the periphery of the region are often excluded. In its more restrictive sense the region refers to the cluster of built-up areas west of the Tararua ranges. The much more sparsely populated area to the east has its own name, Wairarapa, and a centre in Masterton. To a lesser extent, the Kapiti Coast is sometimes excluded from the region. Otaki in particular has strong connections to the Horowhenua District to the north.[citation needed]

Wellington City mayor Celia Wade-Brown is not in favour of the region adopting a 'super city' type council like the one in Auckland, though is in favour of reducing the number of councils from nine to "three or four".[8]

History[edit]

The Māori who originally settled the region knew it as Te Upoko o te Ika a Māui, meaning "the head of Māui's fish". Legend recounts that Kupe discovered and explored the region in about the tenth century.

The region was settled by Europeans in 1839 by the New Zealand Company. Wellington became the capital of Wellington Province upon the creation of the province in 1853, until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 Nov 1876.[9] Wellington became capital of New Zealand in 1865, the third capital after Russell and Auckland.

Geography[edit]

A composite landsat-7 image of the southwestern part of the region
Population density at the 2006 census

The region occupies the southern tip of the North Island, bounded to the west, south and east by the sea. To the west lies the Tasman Sea and to the east the Pacific Ocean, the two seas joined by the narrow and turbulent Cook Strait, which is 28 kilometres (17 mi) wide at its narrowest point, between Cape Terawhiti and Perano Head in the Marlborough Sounds.

The region covers 7,860 square kilometres (3,030 sq mi), and extends north to Otaki and almost to Eketahuna in the east. Physically and topologically the region has four areas running roughly parallel along a northeast–southwest axis:

  • The Kapiti coast, a narrow strip of coastal plain running north from Paekakariki. It contains numerous small towns, many of which gain at least a proportion of their wealth from tourism, largely due to their fine beaches.
  • Inland from this is rough hill country, formed along the same major geologic fault responsible for the Southern Alps in the South Island. Though nowhere near as mountainous as these, the Rimutaka and Tararua ranges are still hard country and support only small populations, although it is in small coastal valleys and plains at the southern end of these ranges that the cities of Wellington and the Hutt Valley are located.
  • The undulating hill country of the Wairarapa around the Ruamahanga River, which becomes lower and flatter in the south and terminates in the wetlands around Lake Wairarapa and contains much rich farmland.
  • Rough hill country, lower than the Tararua Range but far less economic than the land around the Ruamahanga River. Both of the hillier striations of the region are still largely forested.
On the Quartz Hill track

There are five parks owned by the regional council:[10]

Human geography[edit]

Aerial view of Wellington city
Plimmerton and Pauatahanui

Over three-quarters of the 492,500 people (June 2013 estimate)[1] reside in the four cities at the southwestern corner. Other main centres of population are on the Kapiti Coast and in the fertile farming areas close to the upper Ruamahanga River in the Wairarapa.

Along the Kapiti Coast, numerous small towns sit close together, many of them occupying spaces close to popular beaches. From the north, these include Otaki, Waikanae, Paraparaumu, the twin settlements of Raumati Beach and Raumati South, Paekakariki and Pukerua Bay, the latter being a northern suburb of Porirua. Each of these settlements has a population of between 2,000 and 10,000, making this moderately heavily populated.

In the Wairarapa the largest community by a considerable margin is Masterton, with a population of almost 20,000. Other towns include Featherston, Martinborough, Carterton and Greytown.

# Towns with more than 1,000 people 2010 2010 (%)
1 Wellington 200,100 41%
2 Lower Hutt 103,000 21%
3 Porirua 52,500 11%
4 Upper Hutt 39,100 8.0%
5 Paraparaumu 25,260 5.1%
6 Masterton 20,200 4.1%
7 Waikanae 10,200 2.0%
8 Raumati 7,300 1.4%
9 Otaki 5,501 1.1%
10 Carterton 4,120 0.8%
11 Featherston 2,340 0.5%
12 Greytown 2,000 0.4%
13 Paekakariki 1,600 0.3%
14 Martinborough 1,400 0.2%
Total population 485,420 99%

Demographics[edit]

Production and income[edit]

The region is by a large margin the wealthiest in the country. The most up-to-date estimates for regional GDP prepared by the Ministry for Economic Development put it at $17.5 billion in the year to March 2004, $36,700 per capita, 19% more than the Auckland Region ($30,750); 38% more than the poorest region, Northland ($26,600); and 3% more than the second-highest region, Northern South Island ($35,800).[11]

At the 2006 census the region had the largest percentages of people in the four highest income groupings ($40,001-$50,000: 8.9%, $50,001-$70,000: 10.5%, $70,001-$100,000: 5.9% and $100,001+: 5.2%) and the lowest percentage of residents in the 'loss' group (0.37%).[12] As at December 2007 people in the region has a significantly higher average weekly income from all sources ($812/week) than other regions (18% more than second-placed Auckland, $687/week).[13]

In 2006 25.8% of employed Wellingtonians worked in professional occupations and 14.3% in clerical occupations, the largest percentage for each category of any region. Excluding 369 people in areas not covered by an official region, Wellington has the lowest percentage of technicians and trades workers (10.6%), the lowest percentage of machinery operators and drivers (4.1%) and the lowest percentage of labourers (7.1%).[12]

Ethnicity[edit]

The region is second only to Auckland in many statistics related to breadth of ethnicity. In the 2006 census Wellington had the second-highest Asian population (8.4%, Auckland 18.9%) and the second-highest Pacific Islander population (8.0%, Auckland 14.4%). 26.1% of Wellingtonians were born outside New Zealand, second to Auckland (40.4%).[12]

Gender[edit]

The region has the second-highest proportion of women at 51.52% (Nelson 51.53%, West Coast 49.21%), age 16-29 48.86% with Otago next at 49.11%, followed by Gisborne at 49.18%, contrasting with Marlborough at 52.61%.[12]

Education[edit]

In 2006 21.1% of Wellingtonians had a degree, compared to 6.6% on the West Coast, 17.7% for Auckland and 14.5% for Otago (though 0.97% of Otago residents have doctorate level degrees, compared with 0.87% for Wellington). Auckland and Wellington are equal lowest for "No Qualification" at 18.1%.[12]

Transport[edit]

11.3% of households do not have access to a car, the highest for any region.[12]

Telecommunications[edit]

Mobile phone use at 76.3% is exceeded only by Auckland (76.4%), followed by Waikato (75.3%). Access to the internet is 65.5%, highest equal with Auckland, followed by Canterbury (61.3%). Wellingtonians are least likely to have access to a fax machine (21.1%), after Gisborne (20.5%).[12]

Economy[edit]

GDP was estimated at US$19.3 billion in 2003, 15% of New Zealand GDP.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2013 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "The Local Government (Wellington Region) Reorganisation Order 1989". New Zealand Gazette: 2491 ff. 9 June 1989. 
  3. ^ "Legal notices". Greater Wellington Regional Council. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Greater Wellington Regional Council's constituencies". Retrieved 2008-05-08. [dead link]
  5. ^ Parks Network Plan. Greater Wellington Regional Council. 2011. p. 10. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Council and Councillors". Greater Wellington Regional Council. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  7. ^ Newstalk ZB (30 October 2007). "Wilde elected Wellington regional council chair". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  8. ^ "No 'super city' for Wellington - mayor". 3 News NZ. January 28, 2013. 
  9. ^ New Zealand Provinces 1848–77
  10. ^ Greater Wellington Parks: Draft Regional Parks Management Plan
  11. ^ "Ministry of Economic Development Regional Economic Performance Report". 2005-11-01. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g "2006 Census Regional Summary Tables". 2007-07-03. Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  13. ^ "Nationwide Quarterly Review by Statistics New Zealand". 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-05-08. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

External links[edit]