|— Region of New Zealand —|
|• Chairperson||Fran Wilde|
|• Deputy Chairperson||Peter Glensor|
|• Region||8,140 km2 (3,140 sq mi)|
|Population (June 2012 estimate)|
|• Density||60/km2 ( 160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NZST (UTC+12)|
|• Summer (DST)||NZDT (UTC+13)|
The official Wellington Region, as administered by the Greater Wellington Regional Council covers the conurbation around the capital city, Wellington, and the cities of Lower Hutt, Porirua, and Upper Hutt, each of which also contains a rural hinterland; it extends up the west coast of the North Island, taking in the coastal settlements of the Kapiti Coast district, which includes the southern fringe of the area commonly known as Horowhenua and the town of Otaki; east of the Rimutaka Range it includes three largely rural districts containing most of Wairarapa, covering the towns of Masterton and Carterton, Greytown, Featherston and Martinborough.
Greater Wellington Regional Council is made up of 13 councillors, representing six constituencies:
- Wellington has 5 representatives
- Kapiti 1
- Porirua-Tawa 2
- Lower Hutt 3
- Upper Hutt 1
- Wairarapa 1
|Councillor||Sandra Greig||Lower Hutt|
|Councillor||Peter Glensor||Lower Hutt|
|Councillor||Prue Lamason||Lower Hutt|
|Councillor||Paul Swain||Upper Hutt|
Production and income
The region is by a large margin the most wealthy region in the country. The most up-to-date estimates for regional GDP prepared by the Ministry for Economic Development put the region's GDP at $17.5 billion in the year to March 2004, $36,700 per capita, 19% more than the Auckland Region ($30,750); 38% more than the poorest region, Northland ($26,600); and 3% more than the second-highest region, Northern South Island ($35,800).
At the 2006 census the region had the largest percentages of people in all of the four highest income groupings ($40,001-$50,000: 8.9%, $50,001-$70,000: 10.5%, $70,001-$100,000: 5.9% and $100,001+: 5.2%) and the lowest percentage of residents in the 'loss' group (0.37%). As at December 2007 people in the Wellington Region has a significantly higher average weekly income from all sources ($812/week) than other regions in New Zealand (18% more than second-place Auckland, $687/week).
In 2006 25.8% of employed Wellingtonians worked in professional occupations and 14.3% in clerical occupations, the largest percentage for each category of any region. Excluding 369 people in areas not covered by an official region, Wellington has the lowest percentage of technicians and trades workers (10.6%), the lowest percentage of machinery operators and drivers (4.1%) and the lowest percentage of labourers (7.1%).
The region is second only to Auckland in many statistics related to breadth of ethnicity. In the 2006 census Wellington had the second-highest Asian population (8.4%, Auckland 18.9%) and the second-highest Pacific Islander population (8.0%, Auckland 14.4%). 26.1% of Wellingtonians were born outside New Zealand, second to Auckland (40.4%).
The region has the second-highest proportion of women at 51.52% (Nelson 51.53%, West Coast 49.21%), age 16-29 48.86% with Otago next at 49.11%, followed by Gisborne at 49.18%, contrasting with Marlborough at 52.61%.
In 2006 21.1% of Wellingtonians hade a degree, compared to 6.6% on the West Coast, 17.7% for Auckland and 14.5% for Otago (though 0.97% of Otago residents have Doctorate level degrees, compared with 0.87% for Wellington). Auckland and Wellington are equal lowest for "No Qualification" at 18.1%.
11.3% of Wellington households do not have access to a car, the highest for any region.
Wellington mobile phone use at 76.3% is exceeded only by Auckland (76.4%), followed by Waikato (75.3%). Access to the internet is 65.5%, highest equal with Auckland, followed by Canterbury (61.3%). Wellingtonians are least likely to have access to a fax machine (21.1%), after Gisborne (20.5%).
The GDP of the region was estimated at US$19.3 billion in 2003, 15% of New Zealand GDP.
Usage of the term Wellington region
In common usage the terms Wellington Region and Greater Wellington are not clearly defined and areas on the periphery of the region are often excluded.
In its more restrictive sense the region refers to the cluster of built-up areas west of the Tararua ranges. The much more sparsely populated area to the east has its own name, Wairarapa, and a centre in Masterton.
To a lesser extent, the Kapiti Coast is sometimes excluded from the region. Otaki in particular has strong connections to the Horowhenua District to the north.
Current Wellington City mayor Celia Wade-Brown is not in favour of the region adopting a 'super city' type council like the one in Auckland, though is in favour of reducing the number of councils from nine to "three or four".
The region occupies the southern tip of the North Island, bounded to the west, south, and east by water. To the west lies the Tasman Sea and to the east the Pacific Ocean. At the southern end of the island these are joined by the narrow and turbulent Cook Strait, which is only 28 kilometres (17 mi) wide at its narrowest point, between Cape Terawhiti and Perano Head in the Marlborough Sounds.
The region covers 7,860 square kilometres (3,030 sq mi), and extends north to Otaki in the west and almost to Eketahuna in the east. Physically and topologically the region has four basic areas running roughly parallel to each other along a northeast-southwest axis.
|#||Towns with more than 1,000 people||2010||2010 (%)|
The first of these areas is the Kapiti coast, a narrow strip of coastal plain running north from Paekakariki. It contains numerous small towns, many of which gain at least a proportion of their wealth from tourism, largely due to their fine beaches.
Inland from this is rough hill country, formed along the same major geologic fault responsible for the Southern Alps in the South Island. Though nowhere near as mountainous as these, the Rimutaka and Tararua Ranges are still hard country and support only small populations, although it is in small coastal valleys and plains at the southern end of these ranges that the cities of Wellington and the Hutt Valley are located.
The third area is the undulating hill country of the Wairarapa around the Ruamahanga River, which becomes lower and flatter in the south and terminates in the wetlands around Lake Wairarapa and contains much rich farmland.
The final area is another section of rough hill country, lower than the Tararuas but far less economic than the land around the Ruamahanga River. Both of the hillier striations of the region are still largely forested.
There are five regional parks:
- Battle Hill Farm Forest Park
- Belmont Regional Park
- East Harbour Regional Park
- Kaitoke Regional Park
- Queen Elizabeth Park
The Māori who originally settled the region knew it as Te Upoko o te Ika a Māui, meaning "the head of Māui's fish". Legend recounts that Kupe discovered and explored the district in about the tenth century.
The region was settled by Europeans in 1839 by the New Zealand Company. Wellington became the capital of Wellington Province upon the creation of the province in 1853, until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 Nov 1876. Wellington became capital of New Zealand in 1865, the third capital of New Zealand after Russell and Auckland.
Over three-quarters of the region's 490,100 people (June 2012 estimate) reside in the four cities at the southwestern corner of the region. Other main centres of population are on the Kapiti Coast and in the fertile farming areas close to the upper Ruamahanga River in the Wairarapa.
Along the Kapiti Coast, numerous small towns sit close together, many of them occupying spaces close to popular beaches. From the north, these include Otaki, Waikanae, Paraparaumu, the twin settlements of Raumati Beach and Raumati South, Paekakariki and Pukerua Bay, the last of which is a northern suburb of Porirua. Each of these settlements has a population of between 2,000 and 10,000, making this a moderately heavily populated coastline.
Famous sons and daughters
- Jane Campion – film-maker
- Russell Crowe – actor
- Peter Jackson – film-maker
- Anna Paquin – actress
- Raybon Kan – comedian
- Katherine Mansfield – writer
- Jack Marshall – former Prime Minister
- Tana Umaga – former All Black Captain
- Nancy Wake – war hero
- Michael Campbell – Winner of US Open 2005
- Pollyfilla – drag queen
- Sir Bob Charles – Professional Golfer
- Ben Hana – Blanket Man
- Jack Yan – publisher and graphic designer
- Karl Urban – actor
- "Subnational population estimates at 30 June 2012". Statistics New Zealand. 23 October 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012. Also "Infoshare; Group: Population Estimates - DPE; Table: Estimated Resident Population for Urban Areas, at 30 June (1996+) (Annual-Jun)". Statistics New Zealand. 19 December 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2012.
- "Greater Wellington Regional Council's constituencies". Retrieved 2008-05-08.[dead link]
- Newstalk ZB (30 October 2007). "Wilde elected Wellington regional council chair". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- "Ministry of Economic Development Regional Economic Performance Report". 2005-11-01. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- "2006 Census Regional Summary Tables". 2007-07-03. Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- "Nationwide Quarterly Review by Statistics New Zealand". 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-05-08.[dead link]
- "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "No 'super city' for Wellington - mayor". 3 News NZ. January 28, 2013.
- Greater Wellington Parks: Draft Regional Parks Management Plan
- New Zealand Provinces 1848–77
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