Wells A. Hutchins
|Wells A. Hutchins|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865
|Preceded by||Valentine B. Horton|
|Succeeded by||Hezekiah S. Bundy|
|Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the Scioto County district
January 5, 1852 – January 1, 1854
|Preceded by||Oscar F. Moore|
|Succeeded by||Samuel J. Huston|
|Born||Wells Andrews Hutchins
October 8, 1818
|Died||January 25, 1895
|Resting place||Greenlawn Cemetery, Portsmouth|
Life and career
Born in Hartford, Ohio, Hutchins was a first cousin to future congressman John Hutchins. He attended the public schools and then taught school. He later studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He commenced practice in Warren, Ohio.
In 1842, Hutchins moved to Portsmouth, Ohio, where he served as a member of the State house of representatives in 1852 and 1853. He was a Whig while in Portsmouth. He was the city solicitor from 1857-61. He was an unsuccessful candidate in 1860 to the Thirty-seventh Congress. During the early part of the Civil War, he was the United States provost marshal for the state of Ohio in 1862.
Hutchins was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865). A War Democrat, he supported Abraham Lincoln's agenda at critical moments. Hutchins called the proclamation Lincoln issued on September 15, 1863 under the authority of the Habeas Corpus Suspension Act of 1863 "necessary" in order to defeat the rebellion. He was one of only 16 Democrats in the House of Representatives who joined with the Republicans and voted to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution on January 31, 1865. That amendment abolished slavery in the United States. By doing so, he became one of a group who had "defied their party discipline, and had deliberately and with unfaltering faith marched to their political death", according to abolitionist Congressman James Mitchell Ashley.
Hutchins resumed the practice of law in Portsmouth and died there January 25, 1895. He was interred in Greenlawn Cemetery. He died of kidney disease.
On February 23, 1843, Hutchins married Cornelia Robinson of Portsmouth.
- Evans 1900 :314-316
- Evans 1900 : 298
- Trefousse, Hans Louis (2005). "First among equals": Abraham Lincoln's reputation during his administration. Fordham University Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-8232-2468-5.
- Williams, Frank J.; Holzer, Harold; Simon, John Y. (2007). Judging Lincoln. SIU Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8093-2759-1.
- Ashley, James M. (April 1891). "The Passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution". Magazine of Western History XIII (6): 663–679.
- Evans, Nelson Wiley; Stivers, Emmons B (1900). A history of Adams County, Ohio: from its earliest settlement to the present time. West Union, Ohio: E B Stivers.
- Wells A. Hutchins at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2009-04-29
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.