Welsh peers and baronets

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Divisions of the Peerage
 Flag of England.svg Peerage of England
 Flag of Scotland.svg Peerage of Scotland
 Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Peerage of Great Britain
 St Patrick's saltire.svg Peerage of Ireland
 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Peerage of the United Kingdom

This is an index of Welsh peers and baronets whose primary peerage, life peerage, and baronetcy titles includes a Welsh place-name origin or its territorial qualification is within the historic counties of Wales.

Welsh-titled peers hold their titles from a variety of sources. After Llywelyn ap Gruffudd of the House of Aberffraw, the last Welsh Prince of Wales, was killed during the Edwardian Conquest in 1282, the Principality of Wales was divided into English-style counties. Many of the former native titles were abolished, with some of the native Welsh lords given English titles in exchange for their loyalty. However, Welsh Law remained in force in the Principality for civil cases, including for inheritance. However, Edward I did reform Welsh succession to male preference primogeniture, an amendment which facilitated the inheritance of English marcher lords to Welsh lands.

With the Laws in Wales Acts 1535-1542 Wales was formally annexed by England with the full implementation of English Common Law for civil cases. Both native Welsh and Marcher lordships were fully incorporated into the English Peerage. Eventually, succeeding peerage divisions emerged. Currently, Wales does not form a separate peerage but is incorporated into the English, Great Britain, and finally the United Kingdom peerages. However, in 1793 the title Earl of the Town and County of Carnarvon in the Principality of Wales was created, the only mention of the Principality of Wales in a title.[1][2] After the deposition by the English parliament in February 1689 of King James II and VII from the thrones of England and Ireland (the Scottish Estates followed suit on April 11, 1689), he and his successors continued to create peers and baronets, which became known as the Jacobite Peerage.

Some lords, the Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor, and the Marquess of Anglesey, make their principal seat within Wales, while others, such as the Marquess of Abergavenny outside Wales.

The Flag of the Princely House of Aberffraw, first associated with Llywelyn the Great from 1216

Titles as rendered in the Welsh language[edit]

Title Male Singular Female Singular Domain
Prince Tywysog Tywysoges Tywysogaeth
Duke Duc, Dug Duces, Duges Dugaeth
Marquess Ardalydd Ardalyddes Ardalyddaeth
Earl Iarll Iarlles Iarllaeth
Count Cownt* Cowntes* Cowntaeth
Viscount Isiarll Isiarlles Isiarllaeth
Baron Barwn Barwnes Barwniaeth
Baronet Barwnig Barwniges
  • *When referencing continental titles of Earl rankings.

Royal titles[edit]

See also Honours of the Principality of Wales

Title Creation Peerage Other titles
The Prince of Wales 1216 1306 Wales
England
Duke of Rothesay in the Peerage of Scotland,

Duke of Cornwall and Earl of Chester
in the Peerage of England

Ducal titles[edit]

Currently there are no Welsh ducal titles.

Title Creation Peerage Other titles
The Duke of Monmouth 1663 England Extinct 1685.
Duke of Buccleuch, 1663, Peerage of Scotland.
The Duke of Powis 1689 Jacobite Peerage of England Extinct 1745.
Created for the 1st Marquess of Powis

Marquessate titles[edit]

Title Creation Peerage Selected other titles
The Marquess of Powis 1687 England
The Marquess of Montgomery 1687 Jacobite Peerage
The Marquess of Carmarthen 1689 England The Duke of Leeds in the Peerage of England.
The Marquess of Carnarvon 1719 Great Britain Duke of Chandos in the Peerage of England.
The Marquess of Anglesey 1815 U.K. Earl of Uxbridge in the Peerage of England
The Marquess of Abergavenny 1876 UK Viscount Nevill in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Marquess of Milford Haven 1917 UK Earl of Medina in the Peerage of the UK

Earldom titles[edit]

Title Creation Peerage Other titles and notes
The Lord of Glamorgan 1093 1217 1338 1439
1449 1489
England Based on the former Welsh principality of Morgannwg. The title was 'Lord of Glamorgan' but of comital rank. Abolished with the Laws in Wales Act 1535.
The Earl of Pembroke c. 1135 1533 1605 England Earl of Montgomery in the Peerage of England.
The Lord of Gower c. 1135 England Carved out of the Welsh Gŵyr lordship of the Principality of Deheubarth. The title was "Lord of Gower" but of comital rank. Abolished with the Laws in Wales Act 1535.
The Lord of Kilvey c. 1135 England Based on the Welsh commote. Roughly, the parish of Llansamlet on the east bank of the Tawe and part of the Principality of Deheubarth until conquered from it. Abolished with the Laws in Wales Act 1535 and transferred to Glamorgan.
The Earl of Montgomery 1605 England Held with Earl of Pembroke since 1630
The Earl of Carnarvon 1628 1714 1793 England Great Britain Baron Porchester in the Peerage of Great Britain
The Earl of Denbigh 1622 England Earl of Desmond in the Peerage of Ireland
The Earl of Conway 1624 England Extinct by 1683
The Earl of Cardigan 1661 England Marquess of Ailesbury in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
The Earl of Powis 1674 1748 1804 UK Viscount Clive in the Peerage of the UK.
The Earl of Monmouth 1701 Jacobite Peerage of England Extinct 1747
The Earl Talbot 1761 Great Britain Baron Dynevor, of Dynevor in the County of Carmarthen.
The Earl of Lisburne 1776 Ireland Viscount Lisburne. Named after the profitable Lisburne mines in Trawsgoed, Ceredigion for the Vaughn family.
The Earl Cawdor 1827 UK Viscount Emlyn in the UK peerage Thane of Cawdor in the peerage of Scotland
The Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor 1945 UK Viscount Gwynedd in the UK peerage
The Earl of Merioneth 1947 UK Duke of Edinburgh in the Peerage of the UK
The Earl of Snowdon 1961 UK Viscount Linley in the UK peerage

Viscountcy titles[edit]

Title Creation Peerage Other titles
The Viscount Powis 1687 England Subsidiary title for Marquess of Powis
The Viscount Montgomery 1687 England Subsidiary title for Marquess of Powis,
The Viscount Emlyn 1827 Great Britain Earl Cawdor of Castlemartin in the County of Pembroke
The Viscount Windsor 1905 UK of St Fagans in the County of Glamorgan.

Held as a subsidiary title of the Earl of Plymouth.

The Viscount Tredegar 1905 1925 UK Baron Tredegar 1859, Viscountcy title became extinct by 1962
The Viscount St Davids 1918 UK Baron St Davids in the UK. Peerage

Baron Strange de Knokyn, of Hungerford, and of Moleyns in the Peerage of England

The Viscount Rhondda 1918 UK Baron Rhondda. Extinct by 1953
The Viscount Gwynedd 1945 UK Earl Lloyd George of Dwyfor
The Viscount Tenby 1957 UK of Bulford in the County of Pembroke
The Viscount Tonypandy 1983 UK in the County of Glamorgan. The title became extinct in 1997.

Barony titles[edit]

Title Creation Peerage Other titles
The Baron Abergavenny 1087 1392 England Marquess of Abergavenny
The Baron Aberavon 12th century England Created for the former Welsh rulers of pre-Norman Conquest of Morgannwg, the dynasty became subsumed, ruling only the barony of Aberavon. The family and barony became extinct in the 1330s.
The Baroness Grey de Ruthyn 1324 England In abeyance since 1963
The Baron of Cymmer-yn-Edeirnion c. 1370 Wales, England Based on lands in the family's possession pre-Edwardian Conquest, recognized in 1370 for the Hughes of Gwerclas descendants.
The Baron Talbot 1331 1733 Great Britain Currently in abeyance
The Baron Powis 1629 England Extinct 1748
The Baron Grey of Powys 1482 England In abeyance since 1551
The Baron Conwy 1703 Great Britain Marquess of Hertford in the peerage of England
The Baron Newborough 1716 Ireland Marquess of Cholmondeley in the Peerage of Ireland
The Baron Cardiff of Cardiff Castle 1776 Great Britain Marquess of Bute in the peerage of Great Britain
The Baron Newborough 1776 Ireland Baronet of Wynn of Bodvean
The Baron Milford 1776 1847 1939 UK Philipps Baronetcy
The Baron Dynevor 1780 Great Britain The Rhys family claim descent from the fifteenth century Rhys ap Thomas
The Baron Gwydyr 1796 Great Britain Through the maternal line, heirs of the Aberffraw legacy through Mary Wynn and her great granddaughter Priscilla Bertie and her descendants to 1915, when the title expired.
The Baron Mostyn 1831 UK Baronet Mostyn of Pengwerra
The Baron Raglan 1852 UK of Raglan in the County of Monmouth
The Baron Llanover 1859 UK Augusta Hall, Baroness Llanover was Welsh heiress, best known as a patron of the arts. Title became extent in 1867.
The Baron Tredegar 1859 UK Baronet Morgan of Tredegar 1792
The Baron Aberdare 1873 UK
The Baron Harlech 1876 UK of Harlech in the County of Merioneth
The Baron Swansea 1893 UK of Singleton in the County of Glamorgan
The Baron Glanusk 1899 UK Baronet of Bailey
The Baron Grenfell 1902 UK of Kilvey in the County of Glamorgan
The Baron St. Davids 1908 UK Viscount St Davids in the Peerage of the U.K
The Baron Rhondda 1916 UK of Llanwern in the County of Monmouth. Extinct by 1918, but the Viscountcy was inherited by his daughter.
The Baron Colwyn 1917 UK of Colwyn Bay in the County of Denbigh, and the Smith baronets (created in 1912)
The Baron Clwyd 1919 UK of Abergele in the County of Denbigh
The Baron Trevethin 1921 UK of Blaengawney in the County of Monmouth
The Baron Kylsant 1923 UK extinct 1927
The Baron Lloyd 1925 UK Extinct with the second Baron Lloyd in 1985.
The Baron Davies 1932 UK of Llandinam in the County of Montgomery
The Baron Llewellin 1945 UK Extinct by 1957
The Baron Trefgarne 1947 UK of Cleddau in the County of Pembroke
The Baron Brecon 1958 UK Extinct by 1975, though survived by daughter, Janet Lewis

Welsh life peers[edit]

Territorial qualification within Wales[edit]

This is an index of Welsh life peers whose primary territorial qualification is within the historic counties of Wales. Some may have subsidiary titles outside of Wales.

Name and Title Territorial qualification Creation Extinction
Daniel Granville West, Baron Granville-West of Pontypool in the County of Monmouth 1958 1984
Arthur Champion, Baron Champion of Pontypridd in the County of Glamorgan 1962 1985
Alun Jones, Baron Chalfont of Llantarnam in the County of Monmouth 1964 Current
William Wynne-Jones, Baron Wynne-Jones of Abergele in the County of Denbigh 1964 1982
Arwyn Davies, Baron Arwyn of Glais in the County of Glamorgan 1964 1978
Arthur Moyle, Baron Moyle of Llanidloes in the County of Montgomeryshire 1965 1974
Thomas Jones, Baron Maelor of Rhosllanerchrugog in the County of Denbigh 1966 1984
William David Evans, Baron Energlyn of Caerphilly in the County of Glamorgan 1968 1985
Eirene White, Baroness White of Rhymney in the County of Monmouth 1970 1970
John Brayley, Baron Brayley of the City of Cardiff in the County of Glamorgan 1973 1977
Rhys Lloyd, Baron Lloyd of Kilgerran of Llanwenog in the County of Cardigan 1973 1991
Elwyn Jones, Baron Elwyn-Jones of Llanelli in the County of Carmarthen 1974 1989
Goronwy Roberts, Baron Goronwy-Roberts of Caernarvon and of Ogwen in the County of Caernarvon 1974 1981
Elfed Davies, Baron Davies of Penrhys of Rhondda in the County of Mid Glamorgan 1974 1992
Gordon Parry, Baron Parry of Neyland in the County of Dyfed 1976 2004
Morrice James, Baron St Brides of Hasguard in the County of Dyfed 1977 1989
John Leonard, Baron Leonard of the City of Cardiff in the County of South Glamorgan 1978 1983
John Brooks, Baron Brooks of Tremorfa of Tremorfa in the County of South Glamorgan 1979 Current
Emlyn Hooson, Baron Hooson of Montgomery in the County of Powys 1979 2012
Jean McFarlane, Baroness McFarlane of Llandaff of Llandaff in the County of South Glamorgan 1979 Current
David Gibson-Watt, Baron Gibson-Watt of the Wye District of Radnor 1979 2002
Elystan Morgan, Baron Elystan-Morgan of Aberteifi in the County of Dyfed 1981 Current
Gwilym Prys Davies, Baron Prys Davies of Llanegryn in the County of Gwynedd 1983 Current
Hugh Griffiths, Baron Griffiths of Govilon in the County of Gwent 1985 Current
Charles Williams, Baron Williams of Elvel of Llansantffraed in Elvel in the County of Powys 1985 Current
Peter Thomas, Baron Thomas of Gwydir of Llanrwst in the County of Gwynedd 1987 Current
James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff of the City of Cardiff in the County of Glamorgan 1987 2005
Nicholas Edwards, Baron Crickhowell of Pont Esgob in the Black Mountains and in the County of Powys 1987 Current
Peter Rees, Baron Rees of Goytre in the County of Gwent 1987 Current
Roy Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead of Pontypool in the County of Gwent 1987 2002
Brian Morris, Baron Morris of Castle Morris of St Dogmaels in the County of Dyfed 1990 2001
Daphne Park, Baroness Park of Monmouth in the County of Monmouth and of Broadway in the County of Hereford and Worcester 1990 Current
Ivor Richard, Baron Richard of Ammanford in the County of Dyfed 1990 Current
Brian Griffiths, Baron Griffiths of Fforestfach of Fforestfach in the County of Glamorgan 1991 Current
Dafydd Elis-Thomas, Baron Elis-Thomas of Nant Conwy in the County of Gwynedd 1992 Current
Gareth Williams, Baron Williams of Mostyn in the County of Flintshire and of Great Tew in the County of Oxfordshire 1992 2003
Thomas Bingham, Baron Bingham of Cornhill of Boughrood in the County of Powys 1996 Current
Garfield Davies, Baron Davies of Coity in the County of Glamorgan 1997 Current
Wyn Roberts, Baron Roberts of Conwy of Talyfan in the County of Gwynedd 1997 Current
Alex Carlile, Baron Carlile of Berriew in the County of Powys 1999 Current
Anita Gale, Baroness Gale of Blaenrhondda in the County of Mid Glamorgan 1999 Current
Julian Grenfell, Baron Grenfell of Kilvey of Kilvey in the County of Swansea 2000 Current
Kenneth O. Morgan, Baron Morgan of Aberdyfi in the County of Gwynedd 2000 Current
Ilora Finlay, Baroness Finlay of Llandaff in the County of Glamorgan 2001 Current
Barry Jones, Baron Jones of Deeside in the County of Clwyd 2001 Current
Richard Livsey, Baron Livsey of Talgarth in the County of Powys 2001 2010
John Morris, Baron Morris of Aberavon of Aberavon in the County of West Glamorgan 2001 Current
Peter Temple-Morris, Baron Temple-Morris of Llandaff in the County of South Glamorgan 2001 Current
Leslie John Griffiths, Baron Griffiths of Burry Port of Pembrey and Burry Port in the County of Dyfed 2004 Current
Delyth Morgan, Baroness Morgan of Drefelin of Drefelin in the County of Dyfed 2004 Current
Roger Roberts, Baron Roberts of Llandudno of Llandudno in the County of Gwynedd 2004 Current
Ted Rowlands, Baron Rowlands of Merthyr Tydfil and of Rhymney in the County of Mid Glamorgan 2004 Current
Alan Howarth, Baron Howarth of Newport of Newport in the County of Gwent 2005 Current
Neil Kinnock, Baron Kinnock of Bedwellty of Bedwellty in the County of Gwent 2005 Current
Donald Anderson, Baron Anderson of Swansea of Swansea in the County of West Glamorgan 2005 Current
Maggie Jones, Baroness Jones of Whitchurch of Whitchurch in the County of South Glamorgan 2006 Current
David Rowe-Beddoe, Baron Rowe-Beddoe of Kilgetty in the County of Dyfed 2006 Current
Richard Harries, Baron Harries of Pentregarth of Ceinewydd in the County of Dyfed 2006 Current

Territorial qualification outside of Wales[edit]

This is a list of Welsh life peers whose territorial qualification is outside of Wales, with no qualification within Wales.

Name and Title Territorial qualification Creation Extinction
Geoffrey Howe, Baron Howe of Aberavon of Tandridge in the County of Surrey 1992 Current
Nicholas Phillips, Baron Phillips of Worth Matravers of Belsize Park in the London Borough of Camden 1998 Current
Michael Heseltine, Baron Heseltine of Thenford in the County of Northamptonshire 2001 Current
Richard Wilson, Baron Wilson of Dinton of Dinton in the County of Buckinghamshire 2002 Current
Alan West, Baron West of Spithead of Seaview in the County of the Isle of Wight 2007 Current

Baronetcy titles[edit]

A baronet (traditional abbreviation Bart, modern abbreviation Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a hereditary title awarded by the British Crown known as a baronetcy.

The name baronet is a diminutive of the peerage title baron. The rank of a baronet is between that of a baron and a knight; it has never entitled the bearer to a seat in the House of Lords, but it is hereditary.

Baronetcy Territorial Qualification Creation/Extinction Other Titles/Notes
Philipps of Picton Castle in the County of Pembroke 1661 Viscount St Davids
Wynn of Gwydir in the County of Caernarfon 1611 1719
Stradling of St Donats in the County of Glamorgan 1611 1738
Salusbury of Lleweni in the County of Denbigh 1619 1684
Williams of Vaynol in the County of Carnarvon 1622 1696
Williams of Llangibby in the County of Monmouth 1642 1753
Williams of Guernevet in the County of Brecon 1644 1695
Williams-Bulkeley of Penrhyn in the County of Caernarfon 1661
Williams-Wynn of Gray's Inn in Middlesex 1688
Williams of Edwinsford in the County of Carmarthen 1707 1745
Bayly of Plas Newydd in the County of Anglesey 1730 Marquess of Anglesey
Wynn of Bodvean in the county of Caernafonshire 1742 Baron Newborough
Mostyn of Pengwerra in the County of Flint 1778 Baron Mostyn
Morgan of Tredegar in the County of Monmouth 1792 Baron Tredegar
Salusbury of Llanwern in the County of Monmouth 1795 1868
Williams of Bodelwyddan in the County of Flint 1798 Williams-Wynn Baronets of Gray's Inn
Bailey of Glanusk Park in the County of Brecon 1852 Baron Glanusk
Vivian of Singleton, in the County of Glamorgan 1882 Baron Swansea
Williams of Castell Deudrath, and Borthwen in the County of Merioneth 1909
Smith of Colwyn Bay, in the County of Denbigh 1912 Baron Colwyn
Rhys-Williams of Miskin in the County of Glamorgan 1918
Philipps of Llanstephan in the County of Radnor 1919 Baron Milford
Llewellyn of Bwlffa, Aberdare in the County of Glamorgan 1922
Williams of Glynwr in the County of Carmarthen 1935 1959
Williams of Cilgeraint in the County of Caernarfon 1953
Llewellyn of Baglan, in the County of Glamorgan 1959

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See Earl of Carnarvon
  2. ^ Complete title is Earl of the Town and County of Carnarvon