Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool

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Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool
Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool, from Princes Road
Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool is located in Liverpool
Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool
Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool
Location in Liverpool
Coordinates: 53°23′38″N 2°57′50″W / 53.3938°N 2.9638°W / 53.3938; -2.9638
OS grid reference SJ 360 890
Location Princes Road, Liverpool, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Presbyterian Church of Wales
Architecture
Functional status Redundant
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 14 March 1975
Architect(s) W. & G. Audsley
Architectural type Church
Style High Victorian Gothic
Groundbreaking 1865
Completed 1867
Specifications
Spire height 200 feet (61 m)
Materials Stone, slate roof

The Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool is a disused church on Princes Road in the Toxteth district of Liverpool, Merseyside, England. It is a redundant church of the Presbyterian Church of Wales, and is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[1] Because of its tall steeple, the church has been nicknamed the "Welsh Cathedral", or "Toxteth Cathedral", although it was never an actual cathedral.[2]

History[edit]

The church was built between 1865 and 1867, and designed by the local architects W. & G. Audsley.[1] At the time it was built, because of its steeple rising to a height of 200 feet (61 m), it was the highest building in Liverpool.[2] In 1982, when it was no longer used as a Welsh Presbyterian Church, it was sold to the Brotherhood of the Cross and Star, a religious movement based in Nigeria. They ceased to use the church in the 1990s, it became vacant, was vandalised, and became derelict.[3] There were plans for the leasehold to be acquired by a partnership of the Merseyside Building Preservation Trust and the Heritage Trust for the North West.[3][4] As of 2013 the Merseyside Building Preservation Trust is undertaking a feasibility study with the intention to make a bid for a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.[2]

Naming[edit]

The denomination was created in 1811 and formalized in 1823 as the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists. See Welsh Methodist revival and Calvinistic Methodists. From 1928 on, the denomination was also known as the Presbyterian Church in Wales. So this church, and other buildings may be called Methodist, Calvinist or Presbyterian, but belong to the same establishment (or actually Disestablishment).

Architecture[edit]

The church is constructed in rock-faced rubble, and has a patterned slate roof. It is in High Victorian Gothic style.[1] The church consists of a nave and transepts, giving it a T-shaped plan.[5] The tower has angle buttresses, which have niches at the top. The bell openings are paired and louvred. On top of the tower are pinnacles and a broach spire with arcading and lucarnes. Attached to the south transept is a canted stair tower. On top of the crossing is a slate flèche. Inside the church are galleries at the west end and in the transepts, which are carried on marble piers. The nave has a barrel roof supported by wall piers.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d English Heritage, "Welsh Presbyterian Church, Liverpool (1355050)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 27 September 2013 
  2. ^ a b c Weston, Alan (24 September 2013), "Toxteth's Welsh Presbyterian Church may have new lease of life", Liverpool Echo, retrieved 27 September 2013 
  3. ^ a b Neild, Larry (3 November 2009), "Third cathedral hangs onto a £1 prayer", Liverpool Confidential (Confidential Publishing), retrieved 27 September 2013 
  4. ^ Bartlett, David (9 November 2009), "Liverpool’s ‘Welsh Cathedral’ saved by ECHO’s Stop The Rot campaign", Liverpool Echo, archived from the original on 11 October 2012, retrieved 27 September 2013 
  5. ^ Sharples, Joseph; Pollard, Richard (2004), Liverpool, Pevsner Architectural Guides, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 249, ISBN 0-300-10258-5 

External links[edit]

Records
Preceded by
Church of Our Lady and Saint Nicholas Tower
Tallest Building in Liverpool
1868 – 1907
Succeeded by
Port of Liverpool Building