Wen Ding

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Wen Ding
Reign 1112 BC - 1102 BC
Predecessor Wu Yi
Successor Di Yi
Di Yi
Bi Guan

Wen Ding (Chinese: 文丁) was a king of the Shang Dynasty of China from 1112 to 1102 BC.[1][2]

He was born Zi Tuo (子托) and was also known as Da Ding (大丁).


According to Bamboo Annals, his capital was at Yin (殷) or Zimou.[3]

In the second year of his reign, his vassal King Ji of Zhou attacked the Yanjing Rong (燕京戎), but they defeated him.[4]

During his third year, the Heng River (洹水) dried up.

In his fourth year, Ji attacked the Yuwu Rong (余无戎) and was victorious, making Yuwu into a Zhou client.

In his seventh year, Ji attacked the Hu Rong (呼戎) and was again victorious.

Several years later, Ji defeated the Xitu Rong (翳徒戎) and captured three of their generals. Reporting this to King Wen Ding, Ji worried him that Zhou was growing too powerful. King Wen Ding richly rewarded Ji for his victories, but then sent him to a city called Saiku (塞库) and had him killed there.


Wen Ding
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Wu Yi (ruler)
King of China
c. 1112 BC – c. 1102 BC
Succeeded by
Di Yi