He was born to Simon Bojer and Barbara Staub. As young man he was sent on expeditions to Africa and Mauritus by Franz Sieber. In 1821 he arrived at Mauritius. In 1822 the Mauritian governor Robert Townsend Farquhar send him to Madagascar. He was accompanied by Malagasy Prince Rafaria who studied on Mauritius and James Hastie, a Scottish corporal and British envoy for King Radama I on Madagascar. Bojer explored the west coast of Madagascar before he arrived in Tananarive.
In 1824 Bojer was sent to Africa as an interpreter. He explored several coasts of the African continent and collected a huge amount of minerals and plants. In 1829 he was one of the co-founders of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences (SRAS) at Mauritius.
He died of paralysis in 1856.
Many plants and animal species (especially from Madagascar and the Mascarenes) were named after Bojer, including Gongylomorphus bojerii (Bojer's skink), Dionycha bojerii, Ploceus bojeri (Golden Palm Weaver), Uapaca bojeri, Streptocarpus bojeri, Epilobium bojeri and many more.
- Article on Wenceslas Bojer in L'Express (French)
- Author Query Results and Plant Name Query Results for Wenceslas Bojer at the International Plant Names Index. Retrieved on March 26, 2008.
-  Hortus Mauritianus :ou enumeration des plantes, exotiques et indigenes, qui croissent a l'Ile Maurice, disposees d'apres la methode naturelle by W. Bojer at the Biodiversity Heritage Library
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