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County-level city
Wenchang 2.JPG
Wenchang  is located in Hainan
Location in Hainan
Wenchang  is located in China
Location in China
Coordinates: 19°37′15″N 110°45′5″E / 19.62083°N 110.75139°E / 19.62083; 110.75139
Country China
Province Hainan
Time zone China standard time (UTC+8)

Wénchāng (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Mencheong; Chinese: 文昌) is a county-level city located in the north east of Hainan province, China. It was promoted from a county to a city on November 7, 1995, and had a population of 86,551 in 1999 (estimated 2006: 115,000). It is 63 km southeast of the capital, Haikou.[1]


Wenchang is the source of most overseas Hainanese migrants, with the majority of Singapore's Hainanese population having ancestral roots in Wenchang. Wenchang Hainanese is considered to be the most prestige accent of the Hainanese language and is used by the provincial broadcasting media.

Tianmeidong, a village located in Wenchang, received international attention in 2007 when they changed their name to Tianweiban; officials were unsure how to type the final character of the new name on computers, causing various difficulties for villagers.[2]

Postcode: 571300

Dialing code: 0898


Area: 2403 km2


The Wenchang Satellite Launch Center is located in Wenchang. This is China's fourth and southernmost space vehicle launch facility and because of its low latitude, the Wenchang Satellite Launch Center has been selected to launch China's space station. On 22 September 2007, CCTV officially announced the construction of an expanded Wenchang Satellite Launch Center has been approved by the State Council and the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China [3] after decades of postpone due to political concerns.

Wenchang Chicken after cooking, before being cut into pieces.


Wenchang Chicken originates from this city.

Points of interest[edit]

Wenchang is the ancestral home of the Soong sisters: Soong Ching-ling, Soong Ai-ling, Soong May-ling and the birthplace of their father Charlie Soong.

Notable people[edit]


Coordinates: 19°37′37″N 110°43′52″E / 19.627°N 110.731°E / 19.627; 110.731