Wendelin of Trier

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Saint Wendelin" redirects here. For other uses, see Saint Wendel (disambiguation).
St. Wendelin from St. Venantius Church, Pfärrenbach, Baden-Württemberg

Saint Wendelin or Wendelin of Trier (b. c. 554; probably d. 617) was a hermit and abbot.

Life[edit]

There is very little definite information about this saint. His earliest biographies (two in Latin and two in German), did not appear until after 1417. The name "Wendelin" means "wanderer" or "pilgrim" in Old High German. The story as told there is that Wendelin was the son of a Scottish king. After a piously spent youth he secretly left his home on a pilgrimage to Rome. On his way back he settled as a hermit at Westrich in the Diocese of Trier. When a wealthy landowner criticized him for his idle life he entered his service as a herdsman, but later a miracle obliged the landowner to allow him to return to his solitude.

Wendelin then established a company of hermits from which sprang the Benedictine Abbey of Tholey in Saarland. He was consecrated abbot about 597, according to the later legends, while Tholey was apparently founded as a collegiate body about 630. It is difficult to say how far the later biographers are trustworthy.

Death and Veneration[edit]

Wendelin was buried in his cell, and a chapel was built over the grave. The small town of Sankt Wendel grew up nearby. The saint's intercession was powerful in times of pestilence and contagious diseases among cattle. When in 1320 a pestilence was checked through the intercession of the saint, Baldwin, Archbishop of Trier had the chapel rebuilt. Baldwin's successor, Bohemond II, built the present beautiful Gothic church, dedicated in 1360, to which the saint's relics were transferred. Since 1506 they have rested in a stone sarcophagus.

Wendelin is the patron saint of country people and herdsmen and is still venerated in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Saint Wendelin is not mentioned in the Roman Martyrology, but his feast is observed in the Diocese of Trier on 22 October.

Iconography[edit]

He is represented in art as a youth, or as a bearded man, with a shepherd's bag and a book in one hand and a shepherd's crook in the other; about him feed lambs, cattle, and swine, while a crown and a shield are placed at his feet.

Legends[edit]

The story is told that when Wendelin was working as a herdsman he often took his flock to a mountain to pray there in silence. One time his master came upon him there and was angry because he could not imagine that Wendelin had time to get the flock home before sunset. However, when the master arrived home he discovered the shepherd and his flock already there. Realizing that this was a miracle from God he granted Wendelin his greatest desire and built him his own hermit cell in the vicinity of the farm.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bistum Münster. "Heiliger Wendelin (Wendalinus)". Retrieved October 1, 2012. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.