Wendover, Utah

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Wendover, Utah
City
Border between Wendover, Utah and West Wendover, Nevada
Border between Wendover, Utah and West Wendover, Nevada
Location of Wendover, Utah
Location of Wendover, Utah
Coordinates: 40°44′8″N 114°1′59″W / 40.73556°N 114.03306°W / 40.73556; -114.03306Coordinates: 40°44′8″N 114°1′59″W / 40.73556°N 114.03306°W / 40.73556; -114.03306
Country United States
State Utah
County Tooele
Founded 1908
Named for "Wending over" the desert
Area
 • Total 6.4 sq mi (16.7 km2)
 • Land 6.4 sq mi (16.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 4,291 ft (1,308 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,401
 • Density 220/sq mi (84/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 84083
Area code(s) 435
FIPS code 49-82730[1]
GNIS feature ID 1434042[2]
Website Official website

Wendover is a city in Tooele County, Utah, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area. The population was 1,537 at the 2000 census, with a 2006 estimated population of 1,632.[3]

Wendover is on the western border of Utah, and is contiguous with West Wendover, Nevada. Interstate 80 runs just north of both cities, while Interstate 80 Business (Wendover Boulevard) runs through the two cities. The Wendover Cut-off was the former path of the Victory Highway as well as U.S. Route 40 to Wendover. Today it serves as a frontage road between Wendover and Knolls just to the south of the Interstate.

History[edit]

The town was established in 1908 as a station stop on the Western Pacific Railroad, then under construction.[4]

The transcontinental telephone line was completed as workers raised the final pole at Wendover, Utah on June 27, 1914, after construction of 3,400 miles of telephone line. However, the line was not initiated until January 25, 1915, when the first transcontinental telephone call was made to coincide with the opening of the Panama Pacific Exposition.[5]

From 1917 to 1939, a Western Pacific subsidiary known as the Deep Creek Railroad also operated into Wendover. The Western Pacific became part of the larger Union Pacific Railroad in 1983.

Hangar of the Enola Gay on the former Wendover Army Air Field

During World War II, the nearby Wendover Army Air Field was a training base for bomber pilots, including the crew of the Enola Gay. The Enola Gay was stationed here until June 1945.[6]

Recently[when?] the Utah Department of Transportation completed an interchange at Aria Boulevard on Interstate 80.[3][dead link] Investment is also underway to restore the Wendover Airfield[7] which is currently managed by Tooele County. Meanwhile, lodging has increased along Wendover Boulevard in recent years.[8]

Tooele County School District has completed Anna Smith Elementary School which serves the Wendover area.[9] Wendover and Tooele County recently built a joint complex for municipal and county functions.

Movements to unite Wendover with West Wendover, which is located across the border in Nevada and allows gambling operations, have taken place but require the approval of the U.S. Congress and the Nevada and Utah legislators. The U.S. House of Representatives passed a resolution permitting Wendover to leave Utah and join Nevada in 2002, but the bill was blocked in the U.S. Senate and did not become law.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 square miles (16.7 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Wendover has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 180
1930 205 13.9%
1940 272 32.7%
1950 814 199.3%
1960 609 −25.2%
1970 781 28.2%
1980 1,099 40.7%
1990 1,127 2.5%
2000 1,537 36.4%
2010 1,400 −8.9%
Est. 2012 1,401 0.1%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,537 people, 432 households, and 327 families residing in the city. The population density was 238.9 people per square mile (92.3/km²). There were 510 housing units at an average density of 79.3 per square mile (30.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.98% White, 1.17% African American, 1.76% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 43.59% from other races, and 8.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 68.64% of the population.

There were 432 households out of which 54.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.56 and the average family size was 4.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 39.9% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, and 3.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 106.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,196, and the median income for a family was $29,722. Males had a median income of $18,417 versus $20,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,794. About 24.7% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Utah 2000-2006" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 28, 2007. Retrieved May 28, 2008. [dead link]
  4. ^ Hall, Shawn (June 2, 2002). Connecting the West: Historic Railroad Stops and Stage Stations of Elko County, Nevada. University of Nevada Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-0-87417-499-1. Retrieved December 14, 2010. 
  5. ^ ATT, First Transcontinental Line
  6. ^ [1][dead link]
  7. ^ Nielson-Stowell, Amelia (March 10, 2006). "U.S. grant to help Wendover Airfield". Deseret Morning News. 
  8. ^ "Hotels near Wendover, UT". Google. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  9. ^ [2][dead link]
  10. ^ Eddington, Mark (November 23, 2002). "Wendovers' Leaders Will Consider Next Move". Salt Lake Tribune. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Wendover, Utah

External links[edit]