Wenonah, New Jersey

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Wenonah, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Wenonah
Map of Wenonah highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Map of Wenonah highlighted within Gloucester County. Inset: Location of Gloucester County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Wenonah, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Wenonah, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°47′26″N 75°08′53″W / 39.79056°N 75.148161°W / 39.79056; -75.148161Coordinates: 39°47′26″N 75°08′53″W / 39.79056°N 75.148161°W / 39.79056; -75.148161[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Gloucester
Incorporated March 10, 1883
Government[6]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Thomas A. Lombardo (term ends December 31, 2014)[3][4]
 • Clerk Karen L. Sweeney[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 0.983 sq mi (2.547 km2)
 • Land 0.972 sq mi (2.518 km2)
 • Water 0.011 sq mi (0.029 km2)  1.12%
Area rank 500th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 2,278
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 2,263
 • Rank 477th of 566 in state
23rd of 24 in county[12]
 • Density 2,342.8/sq mi (904.6/km2)
 • Density rank 261st of 566 in state
8th of 24 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08090[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 Exchanges: 415, 464, 468[15]
FIPS code 3401578110[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0885434[1][18]
Website boroughofwenonah.com

Wenonah is a borough in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 2,278,[8][9][10] reflecting a decline of 39 (-1.7%) from the 2,317 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 14 (-0.6%) from the 2,331 counted in the 1990 Census.[19] It is located approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wenonah was established as a Borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1883, from portions of Deptford Township, based on the results of a referendum that was held two days earlier.[20] It is a dry town, where alcohol cannot be sold.[21][22]

History[edit]

Wenonah was founded in 1871 by Philadelphia businessmen as a country resort, drawn by its location along the Mantua Creek and on the West Jersey Railroad.[23] Over the next 40 years, numerous dams were installed to create recreational lakes. From 1902 until the Great Depression, Wenonah Military Academy, a private military school, trained cadets there.[24][25]

Throughout its history, Wenonah has been almost exclusively a residential area. Over 21% of the borough's land area is conservation land, which is protected by ordinance from development.[26] There are more than 6 miles (9.7 km) of hiking trails are threaded around lakes and alongside waterways in these conserved areas.[27]

Wenonah is a close-knit community with holiday events every season. Halloween brings the Wenonah Police Station to set up their "Halloween in the Park", a display of inflatable Halloween-themed lit decorations. Christmas means the Tree Lighting celebration in the park in the center of town. The grade school children sing, there are cookies and hot chocolate, and live music is played until a countdown to the official lighting of the town's tree for the season. Fourth of July features a variety of activities from a parade to fire truck rides to boat races. The Wenonah parade is famous around the area and has been ranked by travel magazines as one of the top-ten small town Fourth of July parades.[28]

Geography[edit]

Wenonah is located at 39°47′26″N 75°08′53″W / 39.79056°N 75.148161°W / 39.79056; -75.148161 (39.79056,-75.148161). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.983 square miles (2.547 km2), of which, 0.972 square miles (2.518 km2) of it was land and 0.011 square miles (0.029 km2) of it (1.12%) was water.[1][2]

The borough borders Deptford Township and Mantua Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 383
1900 498 30.0%
1910 645 29.5%
1920 918 42.3%
1930 1,245 35.6%
1940 1,311 5.3%
1950 1,511 15.3%
1960 2,100 39.0%
1970 2,364 12.6%
1980 2,303 −2.6%
1990 2,331 1.2%
2000 2,317 −0.6%
2010 2,278 −1.7%
Est. 2013 2,263 [11][29] −0.7%
Population sources: 1890-2000[30]
1890-1920[31] 1890-1910[32]
1910-1930[33] 1930-1990[34]
2000[35][36] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,278 people, 829 households, and 649.1 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,342.8 per square mile (904.6/km2). There were 860 housing units at an average density of 884.4 per square mile (341.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.27% (2,193) White, 0.92% (21) Black or African American, 0.13% (3) Native American, 1.05% (24) Asian, 0.04% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.22% (5) from other races, and 1.36% (31) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.36% (31) of the population.[8]

There were 829 households, of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.7% were non-families. 18.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.13.[8]

In the borough, 25.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 33.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.6 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $103,403 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,030) and the median family income was $112,891 (+/- $12,345). Males had a median income of $78,417 (+/- $11,006) versus $64,205 (+/- $16,821) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $47,743 (+/- $6,172). About 1.1% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[37]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 2,317 people, 844 households, and 652 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,380.3 people per square mile (922.3/km2). There were 860 housing units at an average density of 883.5 per square mile (342.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.546% White, 1.084% African American, 0.093% Native American, 0.65% Asian, and 0.652% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.731% of the population.[35][36]

There were 844 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.4% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 19.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.13.[35][36]

In the borough the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 29.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males.[35][36]

The median income for a household in the borough was $71,625, and the median income for a family was $82,505. Males had a median income of $57,381 versus $37,500 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,116. About 2.0% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.[35][36]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Wenonah is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle.[6] The Borough form of government used by Wenonah, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.[38][39]

As of 2013, the Mayor of the Borough of Wenonah is Thomas Lombardo, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Wenonah Borough Council are Council President John R. Dominy (2014; Public Safety and Personnel), John Howard (2015; Human Services), Philipp Kaeferle (2013; Public Works), Paul Lader (2014; Legal and Ordinance), William Norris (2013; Finance and Budget) and Jack Sheppard, Jr. (2015; Public Buildings and Grounds).[4][40]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Wenonah is located in the 1st Congressional District[41] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[9][42][43] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Wenonah had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[44]

New Jersey's First Congressional District is represented by Donald Norcross (D, Camden).[45] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[46][47] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[48][49]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Camden, serving the unexpired term of Donald Norcross until November 2015)[50] and in the General Assembly by Angel Fuentes (D, Camden) and Gilbert "Whip" Wilson (D, Camden).[51] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[52] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[53]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2014, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; term ends December 31, 2015),[54] Deputy Freeholder Director Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 2015),[55] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2014),[56] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2016),[57] Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2016),[58] Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2014)[59] and Adam Taliaferro (D, Woolwich Township; 2014).[60][61][62][63] Constitutional officers elected countywide are County Clerk James N. Hogan,[64] Surrogate Helene M. Reed (Monroe Township)[65] and Sheriff Carmel Morina (Greenwich Township).[66][67][62]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,748 registered voters in Wenonah, of which 571 (32.7%) were registered as Democrats, 461 (26.4%) were registered as Republicans and 714 (40.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[68]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.3% of the vote here (775 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.5% (647 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (19 votes), among the 1,455 ballots cast by the borough's 1,786 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.5%.[69] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 49.8% of the vote here (715 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 47.9% (688 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (25 votes), among the 1,436 ballots cast by the borough's 1,769 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 81.2.[70]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 44.3% of the vote here (469 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 41.2% (436 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 12.3% (130 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (8 votes), among the 1,059 ballots cast by the borough's 1,775 registered voters, yielding a 59.7% turnout.[71]

Education[edit]

The Wenonah School District serves public school students in kindergarten through sixth grade at Wenonah Elementary School. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's one school had an enrollment of 246 students and 21.9 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.23:1.[72]

For seventh through twelfth grade, public school students attend Gateway Regional High School, a regional public high school serving students from the boroughs of National Park, Wenonah, Westville and Woodbury Heights, as part of the Gateway Regional High School District.[73][74]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total of 15.42 miles (24.82 km) of roadways, of which 13.63 miles (21.94 km) were maintained by the municipality and 1.79 miles (2.88 km) by Gloucester County.[75]

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit bus service between Sewell and Philadelphia is available on the 412 route.[76][77]

The borough is the site of a planned stop on the Glassboro–Camden Line, an 18-mile (28.97 km) diesel multiple unit light rail system projected for completion in 2019.[78]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Wenonah include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed December 2, 2013. As of date accessed, a term-end year of 2013 is incorrectly listed for Lombardo, in conflict with the borough's website.
  4. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  5. ^ Clerk's Office, Borough of Wenonah. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Wenonah, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Wenonah borough, Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 3. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Wenonah borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 8, 2012.
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  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Wenonah, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 8, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 1, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Wenonah, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 1, 2013.
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  26. ^ Land Uses, Wenonah Environmental Commission. Accessed November 8, 2012. "CONSERVATION AREAS: A calculation was made of all the current Conservation areas, connecting Wetlands, Streams, Ponds and Lakes which amounted to 134.6416 acres (21.0706%)."
  27. ^ Wenonah Trail System, Wenonah Environmental Commission. Accessed November 8, 2012. "The WEC maintains over six miles of hiking trails in the borough, including 40 bridges."
  28. ^ Clark, Colleen Patrice. "2013 Top Towns", South Jersey Magazine, May 2013. Accessed September 1, 2013. "It’s no wonder Wenonah is known for its abundance of family-friendly events, such as its Fourth of July parade—once named one of the top 10 small-town parades in the country. It’s an event that pulls out all the stops, where the whole world outside of Wenonah ceases to exist for that one day."
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  57. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  58. ^ Frank J. DiMarco, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
  59. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed September 12, 2014.
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  74. ^ Gateway Regional High School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 30, 2014. "Gateway Regional High School is a one school district located in Woodbury Heights, NJ. It serves students in grades 7-12 from the municipalities of National Park, Wenonah, Westville, and Woodbury Heights."
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  78. ^ Glassboro-Camden Line Fact Sheet 2013, Delaware River Port Authority and PATCO. Accessed September 1, 2013. "The new line proposed under the Light Rail Alternative would traverse the communities of Glassboro, Pitman, Sewell, Mantua Township, Deptford Township, Wenonah, Woodbury Heights, Woodbury, Westville, Brooklawn, Gloucester City, and Camden."
  79. ^ Strauss, Robert. "WORTH NOTING; Good Thing He Got His Licks In", The New York Times, November 4, 2001. Accessed October 31, 2012. "Michael Capuzzo of Wenonah had a tremendous run this summer with his book, Close to Shore: A True Story of Terror in an Age of Innocence, (Broadway, $24.95) a detailed account of shark attacks at the Jersey shore in 1916."
  80. ^ Scannell, John James. Scannell's New Jersey's First Citizens and State Guide: Biographies of the Notable Living Men and Women of New Jersey with informing glimpses into the State's History, Affairs, Officialism and Institutions 1919-1920 (Volume II), p. 198. J. J. Scannell, 1919. Accessed November 30, 2013. "EDWARD E GROSSCUP - Wenonah - Real Estate. Born in Bridgeton, August 2, 1860; son of Charles C. and Anna D. Grosscup."
  81. ^ Shryock, Bob. "Bob Shryock: Wenonah ‘Hometown Legend,’ will be honored July 4th", Gloucester County Times, May 12, 2011. Accessed July 1, 2011. "Lauren Ward Larsen, who survived a near-death experience in 2000 when 250 complete strangers donated blood to help save her life, is returning to her Wenonah hometown on the Fourth of July to be honored as a “Hometown Legend.”"
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External links[edit]